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date: 19 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The contacts and interaction between foragers and farmers in Fennoscandia is discussed from the initial introduction of farming to the southernmost parts of the area until the consolidation of the Iron Age farming communities even beyond the Arctic Circle. While the initial relationships appear dominated by marked differentiation and exclusivity, followed perhaps by the integration of imported items in local socio-political strategies, later developments include strategic specialization and eventually trade exchange. By investigating the development across modern national borders it becomes evident that although certain chronological trends can be followed across the entire region, there was also a great deal of chronological and geographical diversity that must have been caused by strategic choices made by the foraging communities.

Keywords: foragers, farmers, Fennoscandia, diversity, trade exchange, Iron Age

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