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date: 15 December 2019

(p. 764) (p. 765) Index

(p. 764) (p. 765) Index

Abercromby, General Sir Ralph 505
Abolitionism 73, 472–3
Acheson (family) 49
Act of Explanation (1665) 358, 363
Act of Satisfaction (1653) 321
Act of Settlement (1652) 321
Act of Settlement (1662) 109
Act of Union (1801) 510, 524–5, 582
Catholic support 524–5
opposition 35, 37
repeal campaign 537, 539–40
Act to Prevent the Further Growth of Popery (1704) 109
Adams, Gerry 753, 754
Adams, John 467
Adventurers’ Act (1642) 320
Agricultural Credit Corporation 658
Ahern, Bertie 497, 738, 739
Aiken, Frank 56
Aikenhead, Mary 198
Akenson, Don 11
Albert, King of the Belgians 614
Alliance Party 748, 750
America, Irish emigration to 127, 131, 134, 410, 463–6, 469, 470, 562, 564, 566, 569, 572
American Loyalism 467
American Patriotism 466
American Revolution 466–7, 499
Ancient Order of Hibernians 583, 587
Andrews, John 696, 698
Anglesey, Arthur Annesley, fifth Earl of 358, 360
Anglo-Irish 219, 222
Anglo-Irish Agreement (1985) 59, 737, 751, 756, 758
Anglo-Irish Bank 163
Anglo-Irish Treaty (1921) 632, 681
Annals of the Four Masters, The 442–3
Annesley, Arthur, fifth Earl of Anglesey see Anglesey, Arthur Annesley, fifth Earl of
Antrim, Sir Randal MacDonnell, first Earl of 130
Antrim, Randal MacDonnell, second Earl and first Marquis of 365
Ardagh Chalice 250
Arklow, County Wicklow 262
Armagh City, County Armagh 427
Armistice Day celebrations see Remembrance Day celebrations
Armstrong, Robert, Baron Armstrong of Ilminster 751
Ashford, William 238
Asquith, Herbert Henry, first Earl of Oxford and Asquith 596
Athlone, Godert de Ginkel, first Earl of see Ginkel, General Godert de, later first Earl of Athlone
Atkins, Humphrey, Baron Colnbrook 749
Australia, Irish emigration to 572–3
Bailyn, Bernard 13
Balbriggan, County Dublin 630
Balfour, Arthur Balfour, first Earl of 592
Balfour, Gerald Balfour, second Earl of 592
Ballykilcline, County Roscommon 568
Baltimore, Maryland 472
Bandon, County Cork 629
Bangor, County Down 152
Bank of Ireland 154, 434
Bannside, Ian Paisley, Baron see Paisley, Rev. Ian, later Baron Bannside
Bantry Bay invasion (1796) 503–4
Barbour, John Milne 696
Barr, Glenn 614
Barrington, Jonah 509
Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria 568
Barry, James 236–7, 238, 238
(p. 766) Barry, Tom 626
Barton (family) 346
Bates, Sir Richard Dawson 696
Battle of Aughrim (1691) 386–7
Battle of the Boyne (1690) 384, 386
BBC Northern Ireland 273
Beamish and Crawford (brewers) 150
Beckett, James Camlin 4, 5, 6, 8
Beckett, Samuel 224
Bedell, William, Bishop of Kilmore 179, 303, 442
Belfast 50, 57, 69, 426, 632
Cenotaph 614
ceramics 256
cotton 152
industry and trade 149, 151, 154, 156, 157
linen 150, 151, 416
Linen Hall 152
shipyards 159
stock exchange 155
Belfast Agreement see Good Friday Agreement
Belfast Bank 155, 162
Belfast Chamber of Commerce 152, 153
Belfast Conservative Society 46
Belfast Harbour Board 152
Bell, Sam Hanna 274
Bell, The 679
Bellew, John 365
Bellings, Sir Richard 359
Benedict XIV, Pope 173
Beresford (family) 52
Beresford, John 502
Beresford, Lord John George de la Poer, Archbishop of Armagh 169, 517
Berkeley, George, Bishop of Cloyne 427
Berkeley, John 360
Berry, Peter 733
Beveridge Report (1942) 678, 698, 719
Bew, Paul, Lord Bew 16
Biggar, J. G. 585
Blair, Tony 754
Blaney, Neil 731, 733
Bloody Sunday (1920) 622, 627
Bloody Sunday (1972) 747
Blueshirts 120, 655, 673
Blundell, Sir Francis 291
Blythe, Ernest 658
Boate, Arnold 336
Boate, Gerard 336
bog oak 261
Boland, Eavan 221
Boland, Gerry 721–2
Boland, Kevin 731, 733
Bolshevism 637, 638
Borlase, Edmund 361
Boston, Massachusetts 465, 469
Boucicault, Dion 274
Boulter, Hugh, Archbishop of Armagh 464
Boundary Commission (1924–5) 649, 656
Bourke, Brian 244
Boy Scouts 59
Boyle, Henry, first Earl of Shannon see Shannon, Henry Boyle, first Earl of
Boyle, Richard, first Earl of Cork see Cork, Richard Boyle, first Earl of
Boyle, Richard, second Earl of Cork see Cork, Richard Boyle, second Earl of
Boyle, Robert 218
Boyle, Roger, Lord Broghill, later Earl of Orrery see Broghill, Roger Boyle, Lord, later Earl of Orrery
Boys’ Brigade 59
Bradshaw, Brendan 7
Breen, Dan 638
Bright, John 50
Brigit, St 195
Bristol 253, 362, 469
Britain, Irish emigration to 566, 567, 570–1
British and Irish Communist Organization (BICO) 695
British Association 550, 551
British Film Institute 275
British League for the Support of Ulster 53, 597
British League of Covenanters 597
British Navy see Royal Navy
British parliament 32
British Unionism 591–3
Broadcasting Act (1960) 271, 279
Brodrick, Alan, later first Viscount Midleton 409, 411, 412
(p. 767) Broghill, Roger Boyle, Lord, later Earl of Orrery 318, 321, 323, 357, 358, 360, 363, 364
Brooke, Charlotte 222, 452
Brookeborough, Basil Brooke, first Viscount 697–9
Browne, Michael, Bishop of Galway 674
Browne, Noel 677, 683
Browne, Thomas, fourth Viscount Kenmare see Kenmare, Thomas Browne, fourth Viscount
Brownlow, William 484
Bruton, John 714
Buffalo, New York 471
Burgh, Thomas 509
Burke (family) 441
Burke, Fr (Rosscarbery) 529
Burke, Edmund 71, 218, 404, 532
Burke, P. J. 660
Butler (family) 441
Butler, James, 12th Earl, first Marquess and later first Duke of Ormond see Ormond, James Butler, 12th Earl, first Marquess and later first Duke of
Butler, James, second Duke of Ormond see Ormond, James Butler, second Duke of
Butler, Thomas, 10th Earl of Ormond see Ormond, Thomas Butler, 10th Earl of
Butler, Sarah 218
Butt, Isaac 37, 46, 582, 583, 584
Byrne, Edward, Archbishop of Dublin 89
Byrne, Gay 279, 280
Byrne, General Sir Joseph 610, 611
Byrne, Miles 449
Cahill, Fr Edward 678
Cairns, Hugh McCalmont Cairns, first Earl 47
Callaghan, James, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff 705
Callan, Margaret 203
Calvert (family) 463
Camden, John Jeffreys Pratt, second Earl, later first Marquess 504, 506
Cameron, David 747
Campaign for Social Justice 58
Campbell, Christy 9
Campion, Edmund 442
Canada, Irish emigration to 469–70, 562, 566, 572
Canny, Nicholas 13
Canova, Antonio 235, 236
Capel, Arthur, first Earl of Essex see Essex, Arthur Capel, first Earl of
Capel, Henry Capel, first Baron 403, 406
Caravats 531
Carbery, County Cork 304
Cardiff, Glamorgan 469
Carhampton, General Henry Luttrell, second Earl of 504
Carleton, William 220, 275
Carlisle, Anne 243, 245
Carney, Winifred 206
Carteret, John 412
Cartier, Jacques 334
Carrick on Suir, County Tipperary 427
Carrickfergus, County Antrim 152, 253, 295, 296
Carrigan Committee (1930–1) 679
Carson, Edward, Baron Carson of Duncairn 594, 606, 609, 623, 743
Carter, Thomas 482
Cary, Henry, first Viscount Falkland see Falkland, Henry Cary, first Viscount
Casey, Elizabeth Owens Blackburne 222, 223
Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount 508, 509, 524, 525, 526
Castlerock church, County Londonderry 262
Catholic Association 533
Catholic Board 534
Catholic Bulletin 661
Catholic Committee 501, 520, 522, 523, 529
Catholic Defence League 556
Catholic Federation of Women’s Secondary School Teachers 678
Catholic Herald 701
Catholic Relief Act (1778) 521
Catholic Relief Act (1782) 521
Catholic Relief Act (1793) 500, 523
Catholic Truth Society 175
Catholics, Catholicism 29–30, 168, 171–4, 175, 176–9, 181, 184, 185, 197–8, 347, 364, 522
and the Act of Union 524–5
and appointment of bishops 450, 522, 526
and Catholicization 377–8
emigration 131, 138, 340–7, 572
and Home Rule 593
and the Irish Civil Wars (1641–53) 317–18, 319
and Irish colleges on the continent 343–4, 345, 346, 347
and the Irish Constitution (1937) 678
and the Irish Free State 661, 662, 674
and the Irish Revolution 623
land ownership 109–10, 111, 359, 361, 363, 378, 521
and literature 442, 443, 451
marriage with Protestants 322
material culture 259–60
military service 346, 519, 521–2, 532, 610
nationalism and republicanism 34–5, 36, 497–8, 517–18
nuns 197–9
and the oath of supremacy 377
and parliament 500, 523, 524, 525
patriotism 33
and penal laws 401, 404–5
and plantation 303, 306, 307, 308, 321
and Radio Éireann 272
and the Rebellion of 1641 316
Remonstrance (1661) 359–60
and television 279–80
and trade 345–6, 363, 520
and Unionism 46, 55, 56, 700
see also Jacobitism
Caulfeild (family) 49
Caulfeild, James, fourth Viscount and later first Earl of Charlemont see Charlemont, James Caulfeild, fourth Viscount and later first Earl of
Cavendish, Sir Henry 499
Cavendish, William, third Duke of Devonshire see Devonshire, William Cavendish, third Duke of
Cavendish-Bentinck, William, third Duke of Portland see Portland, William Cavendish-Bentinck, third Duke of
Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne, third Marquess of Salisbury see Salisbury, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil, third Marquess of
Céitinn, Seathrúm see Keating, Geoffrey
‘Celtic Tiger’ 7, 727, 738–9
Censorship and Publications Bill (1929) 206, 661
Centlivre, Susannah 217
Central Conservative Society 49
Chamberlain, Joseph 589, 592
Channel 4 (television station) 275
Charlemont, James Caulfeild, fourth Viscount and later first Earl of 489
Charles I, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland 318, 319
Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland 337, 357–8
Charleston, South Carolina 465, 572
Charleville, County Cork 363
Chester, Cheshire 253
Chicago, Illinois 471
Chichester (family) 50
Chichester, Sir Arthur, first Baron Chichester 299, 304
Chichester, Arthur, fifth Earl and later first Marquess of Donegall see Donegall, Arthur Chichester, fifth Earl and later first Marquess of
Chichester-Clark, James, later Baron Moyola 705–6
Childers, Erskine 273
Childrens’ Allowance Act (1944) 675
Church Lads’ Brigade 59
Church of Ireland 49, 169, 171, 174, 175, 176, 179, 407, 519, 529, 556
Churchill, John, first Earl later first Duke of Marlborough see Marlborough, John Churchill, first Earl later first Duke of
Churchill, Lord Randolph 590–1
Churchill, Sir Winston 611, 682, 713, 715, 719, 721, 723
Cincinnati, Ohio 471
Clandillion, Séamus 271, 273
Clann na Poblachta 682–3
Clare, John FitzGibbon, first Earl of 500, 503, 508, 517
Clare plantation 321
Clarendon, Edward Hyde, first Earl of 361
(p. 769) Clarendon, George William Frederick Villiers, fourth Earl of 553, 554
Clark, Sir Robin Chichester 699
Clarke, Kathleen 206
Clarke, Tom 597, 625, 636
Clements, Nathaniel 479
Clincolman (barony) 304
Clinton, Bill 744, 754
Cobden, Richard 552
Coffey, Brian 224
Coleraine, County Londonderry 253
Colley, George 731, 735
Collins, Michael 636, 651, 654, 655
colonial nationalism 32, 70
Combe Barbour (engineers) 160
Comerford, Joe 275
Comhairle Radio Éireann 273
Commercial Bank 155
Committee on Industrial Organisation 163
Commonwealth 632, 648, 657, 658
Conditions of Employment Act (1936) 206, 674
Congreve, William 217
Conlig, County Down
Somme Heritage Centre 605
Conlon-McKenna, Marita 220
Connacht plantation 293, 305, 306–7, 320, 321
Connell, Kenneth 11
Connolly (family) 235
Connolly, Claire 14
Connolly, James 16, 598, 622, 623, 636
Connory, Margaret 631
Conny, Bernard 443
Conolly, William 411, 412
Conway, William, Cardinal and Arbishop of Armagh 177
Cooke, Barrie 244
Cooke, Edward 502, 505, 524, 526
Coote, Sir Charles, later first Earl of Mountrath 357, 358
Cork 387, 426, 626, 630
glass 256
industry 149, 162
silver 256
stock exchange 155
trade 362, 425
University College, Honan Chapel 261
Cork, Richard Boyle, first Earl of 108, 298, 306
Cork, Richard Boyle, second Earl of 321
Cork Examiner 565
Cork Opera festival 686
Corkery, Daniel 12
Cornwallis, Charles, first Marquess 507, 509, 510, 524, 525, 526
Cosby, Francis 294
Cosgrave, William T. 648–9, 656, 659, 662, 664, 665
Cosgrave, Liam 735
Costello, Declan 730, 731
Costello, John A. 683, 684
Couchman, Brigadier General G. H. H. 609
Council for the Status of Women 206
Council of Ireland (1920 proposal) 657
Courtaulds (textile manufacturers) 161
Cousins, Margaret 204
Cowley (family) 294
Cowley, Robert 440
Cox, Sir Richard 518
Cox, Watty 529
Crafts Council, The 262
Craig, James, first Viscount Craigavon see Craigavon, James Craig, first Viscount
Craig, William 281, 699
Craigavon, James Craig, first Viscount 274, 594, 606, 613, 696, 697, 698
Cranford, James 324
Crawford, William Sharman 50, 556, 558
Creagh, Richard 442
Cromwell, Henry 321, 357
Cromwell, Oliver 320, 321
Cross, Dorothy 243
Cullen, Louis 11, 12, 14
Cullen, Paul, Cardinal Archbishop of Dublin 175, 556
Cullen, Shane 243
Cultra, County Down
Folk Museum 261
Cumann na mBan 205, 624, 627
Cumann na nGaedheal 623, 634, 649, 650, 653, 655, 657, 658, 659, 664, 665, 666
Cunningham, Josias 155
Curran, John Philpot 501
Dalrymple, General William 504
Daly, Denis 488
Daly, Major-General ‘Paddy’ 634
Darcy, Patrick 366
Daughters of Ireland see Inghinidhe na hÉireann
Davies, Sir John 169
Davis, Thomas 36, 381, 453, 540, 541
Davitt, Michael 14, 586
Davys, Mary 217
Declaratory Act (1720) 411, 462, 489
Defenders, the 35, 501, 504, 528, 531
Delamain, Henry 256
Delanty, Hugh 698
Dell Corporation (computers) 163
Delvyn (barony) 304
Democratic Left 738
Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) 56, 59, 744, 752, 754, 755, 756–7
Denny, Lady Arabella 197
Derry City (Londonderry City) 301, 376, 380, 386
industry 154, 159
trade 253
Detroit, Michigan 471
Devereux, Walter, first Earl of Essex see Essex, Walter Devereux, first Earl of
Devine, T. M. 14
Devlin, Denis 224
Devonshire, William Cavendish, third Duke of 415
Devoy, John 115, 585
Dicey, A. V. 591
Dillon, James 728
Dillon, John 117
Dillon, John Blake 540
Dineen, Rev. P. S. 127
Dobbs, Francis 489
Doherty, Willie 243, 245
Domvile, William 366
Donegal (County) 262
Donegall, Arthur Chichester, fifth Earl and later first Marquess of 523
Donovan, James 256
Donquan, Michael 334
Dopping, Anthony, Bishop of Meath 364
Dorset, Lionel Sackville, first Duke of 482
Dowling, Richard 223
Down Survey 325
Downey, Edmund 223
Downshire, Wills Hill, first Marquess of 256
Doyle, James Warren, Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin 537
Doyle, John 278
Drennan, William 197, 452
Drogheda, County Louth 253
Dromkeen, County Limerick 628
Drumcree, County Armagh 59
Dublin 248, 426, 624
Castle 363, 653, 654
Catholic Convention (1792–3) 522, 530
ceramics 256
cinemas 268
The Country Shop 262
Eucharistic Congress, 31st (1932) 88–92, 662, 672
furniture 255
glass 256
industry 149, 150, 196
Irish Exhibition of Living Art (IELA) 242
Irish Industrial Exhibition (1853) 239
monuments 94–5
monument to Daniel O’Connell 240–1
Municipal Gallery of Modern Art 241
Museum of Science and Art see National Museum of Ireland
National Gallery of Ireland 239
National Museum of Ireland 239, 261
Round Tower, College Green 91
Royal Hibernian Academy (RHA) 239
silver 256
shops 260
stock exchange 155
theatre 217
Theatre Royal 363
trade 253, 362, 425
Trinity College 300, 336
Viking settlement 251
Volta Cinema 268
Dublin Metropolitan Conservative Society 46
(p. 771) Dublin Philosophical Society 367
Dublin Society 233, 235, 260, 414
Dublin Statistical Society 557
Dublin Theatre festival 686
Dublin Unemployed Association, The 684
Duffy, Sir Charles Gavan 222, 540, 548, 553, 554, 556, 557
Duffy, Rita 245
Duke, Henry Edward, later first Baron Merrivale 610, 611
Dukes, Alan 737
Duncannon, Brabazon Ponsonby, second Viscount see Ponsonby, Brabazon, later second Viscount Duncannon
Dundee 568
Dunedin, New Zealand 573
Dunn, Fr Joseph 280
Early English Books Online (EEBO) 325
Easter Rising (1916) 624
Eden (plantation) 300
Edgeworth, Maria 219
Edmundson, William 365
Edwards, Robert 465
Edwards, Robert Dudley 4, 5, 6, 17
EEC (European Economic Community) 728, 729, 734
Eighteenth-century Collections Onlines (ECCO) 325
Elder, Olivia 216
Electricity Supply Board 658
Elgee, Anne 203
Elgee, Jane 202
Elizabeth I, Queen of England and Ireland 179
Elizabeth II and I, Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 614
Elliott, Christopher 134
Ely O’Carroll (barony) 292, 304
Emancipation Act (1829) 535
Emmet, Robert 452
Emmet, Thomas Addis 472
Encumbered Estates Act (1849) 110
England, John, Bishop of Charleston 471
English, Dr Ada 206
English, Richard 9
English parliament 31
Enniscorthy, County Wexford 362
Enniskillen, County Fermanagh 376, 380, 385, 386, 614
Enniskillen bomb (1987) 614, 752
Eppel, Dr Isaac 275
Essex, Walter Devereux, first Earl of 292, 296
Essex, Arthur Capel, first Earl of 360, 361
Eucharistic Congress, 31st (1932) see under Dublin
Eustace, Lady Janet 195
Ewart (family) 50
Fahey, Bernadette 685
Falkland, Henry Cary, first Viscount 306
Falls, Cyril 606
Farrington, Christopher 9, 10
Faulkner, Brian, Baron Faulkner of Downpatrick 58, 702, 704, 706, 747, 748
Feilding, Lt Col. Rowland 605
Feiritéar, Piaras 444
Fenians, Fenianism 14, 36, 40, 114
Fenian Sisterhood 203
and Home Rule 584–5, 586, 587, 595
and the Irish National Land League 115
Fennell, Desmond 7
Ferguson, Sir Samuel 219, 222
Ferricall (barony) 304
Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford 158
Fianna Fáil 41, 120, 121, 162, 654, 657, 658, 659, 660, 664, 665, 670–86, 716, 727, 731–5, 738, 739
Field Day Theatre Company 225–6
Figgis, Darrell 270
Film Company of Ireland 274
Fine Gael 655, 683, 728, 731, 734, 737, 739
First World War 54, 603–15, 632
Fitt, Gerry, Baron Fitt 281, 749
FitzGerald, Desmond 660
Fitzgerald, Lord Edward 505
FitzGerald, Garret 736, 737
FitzGerald, George, 16th Earl of Kildare see Kildare, George FitzGerald, 16th Earl of
FitzGerald, James, first Duke of Leinster see Leinster, James FitzGerald, first Duke of 235
(p. 772) Fitzgerald, Margaret 196
FitzGerald, William, second Duke of Leinster see Leinster, William FitzGerald, second Duke of
FitzGerald, Mary 243
FitzGibbon, John, first Earl of Clare see Clare, John FitzGibbon, first Earl of
Fitzpatrick, Sir Barnaby 294
Fitzpatrick, David 9, 11
FitzWalter, Thomas Radclyffe, first Baron later third Earl of Sussex see Sussex, Thomas Radclyffe FitzWalter, first Baron later third Earl of
Fitzwilliam, William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, fourth Earl 501, 502–3, 523
Flaherty, Robert 275
Flannery, Austin 280
Flight of the Earls (1607) 129
‘Flight of the Wild Geese’ see ‘Wild Geese’
Flood, Henry 484, 485, 486, 489
Foley, John Henry 239, 240
Forbes, John 488, 489
Ford (car manufacturer) 162
Forristal, Fr Desmond 280
Foster, John, later first Baron Oriel 500, 524, 526
Fox, George 365
Franklin, Benjamin 466
Freeman’s Journal 486
French, Field Marshal Sir John, later first Earl of Ypres 610
French, Nicholas, Bishop of Ferns 359
French, Robert 484, 486
French Revolution 498–9
Friends of Ireland 472, 752
Gaelic see Irish language
Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) 36–7, 595, 660, 686
Gaelic Irish 28–9, 171
and plantation 292, 295, 300, 301, 304, 308
Gaelic League 36, 205, 660
Gael-Linn 277
Gahan, Muriel 262
Gallagher, James, Bishop of Raphoe and Kildare 181
Gallaher’s Tobacco 156
Gallarus Oratory, County Kerry 250
Gállduff, Teabóid 443
Galliland, William 465
Galway
Galway Academy 442
University College Galway 156
Galway plantation 306, 307
George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland 510, 526
Gernon, Anthony 443
Gibbon, Peter 16
Gillespie, Rowan 97, 98
Ginchy Memorial 613
Ginkel, General Godert de, later first Earl of Athlone 387, 388, 404
Gladstone, William Ewart 557, 586, 587–8, 589, 590
Glasgow 571
Godfrey, John 720
Goldsmith, Oliver 217
Good Friday Agreement (1998) 8–9, 738, 746, 755, 756
Gore (family) 411
Gore, Sir Ralph 412
Gorham, Maurice 273
Gortaville (plantation) 300
Goss, Richard 722
Government of Ireland Act (1920) 55, 58, 206, 632, 657
Graham, Sir James 546
Grattan, Henry 381, 480, 488, 489, 490, 500, 501, 502
Gray, David 682
Great Irish Famine 111–13, 544–55, 563
literature 219–21
memorials 95–7
Great Southern and Western Railway 154
Great Southern Railways (GSR) 154
Greene, Jack 13
Gregg, C. J. 653
Gregg, John Allen Fitzgerald, Archbishop of Armagh 176
Griffith, Arthur 157, 595–6
(p. 773) Guild of Dublin Cutlers, Painter-Steyners and Stationers 232
Guinness (family) 47
Guinness, Sir Arthur 47, 113
Guinness’s Brewery 149, 150
Gwynn, Stephen 598
Haagerup, Nils 751
Hackett, Thomas, Bishop of Down and Dromore 407
Haicéad, Pádraigín 444
Hailsham of St Marylebone, Quintin Hogg, Baron 749
Hales, Seán 648
Halifax, Nova Scotia 572
Hamilton, Hugh Douglas 235, 236
Hamilton, James 299
Hanlon, Fr Jack 242
Hanly, Daithí 94
Hapaska, Siobhan 243
Hardiman, James 222
Harland & Wolff (shipbuilders) 154, 155, 159, 160
Harney, Mary 737
Hart, Paddy 614
Hartley, Tom 614
Hartlib, Samuel 337
Haslam, Anna 204
Haslam, Thomas 204
Haughey, Charles 278, 728, 731, 733, 735, 736, 737
Hay, Edward 522, 528, 530
Hayes, Father (Cork) 529
Hays, Éamon 281
Haywood, Bill 636
Heath, Sir Edward 747
Health Act (1947) 675, 719
Health (Family Planning) Act (1979) 736
Healy, James 623
Heaney, Seamus 221
Hearne, John 677
Hearts of Steel 110
Hector, Annie 223
Henderson, Tommy 697
Henry VIII, King of England and Ireland 28
Henry, Paul 243–4
Henry, R. M. 4
Hewitt, John 274
Hibernian Journal 485
Hibernian Societies 469
Hicks, James 261
Higgins, Michael D. 275–6
Hill (family) 50
Hill, Wills, first Marquess of Downshire see Downshire, Wills Hill, first Marquess of
Hillery, Patrick 728, 731, 733
Hobson, Bulmer 624
Hoche, General Lazare 503
Hoey, Frances Cashel 223
Hogan, Paddy 658
Hogg, Quintin, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone see Hailsham of St Marylebone, Quintin Hogg, Baron
Holocaust 714, 715
Home Rule 35, 38, 39, 41, 42, 51, 52, 54, 205, 582–98, 590–6, 691
Home Rule Confederation of Great Britain 585
Hone, Evie 242
Huguenots 338
Humbert, General Jean Joseph Amable 507
Hume, John 752, 753, 754
Hunt Commission (1969) 747
Hyde, Douglas 223, 271, 453
Hyde, Edward, first Earl of Clarendon see Clarendon, Edward Hyde, first Earl of
Iddesleigh, Stafford Northcote, first Earl of see Northcote, Sir Stafford, later first Earl of Iddesleigh
IHS see Irish Historical Studies
Incorporated Society for Promoting English Protestant Working Schools 414
Independent International Commission on Decommissioning (IICD) 755
Independent Irish Party 556
Industrial Relations Act (1946) 675
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) 636
Inghinidhe na hÉireann (Daughters of Ireland) 205
Inglis, Liam 451
Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland (ICAI) 156
(p. 774) Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act (1878) 204
Invincibles 586
IRA Organization 655
Iregan (barony) 304
Ireland
architecture 251
ballads 126, 446
banking 154–5
boycotting businesses 157–8, 529
censorship 282, 661, 679, 716, 720–1
ceramics 252, 256–7
contraceptives 735, 739
cotton 152, 434
disease and mortality 675, 676–7
economy and industry 38, 148–64, 413, 414, 442, 658–9, 676, 735–6, 738–9
education 198, 203–4, 414, 539, 676
emigration and diaspora 73–5, 115, 126–41, 202, 340–7, 433, 463–4, 469, 562–76, 659, 660, 685, 719–20
ethnic cleansing 628–9
furniture 255
glass 256
internment during war 721–2
land ownership and farming 38, 48, 50–1, 53, 107–16, 196, 357–9, 361, 378, 413, 425, 429–30, 432, 521, 556–8, 564, 658
landscape, cultural significance of 83, 182–3
literature 214–27, 323, 324, 440–53
Magdalen asylums 197, 200–1
maps and surveys 324–5, 337
material culture and consumption 248–63
neutrality 681–2, 711, 712, 715–16, 723–4
parades 87–8
penal laws 109, 173, 174, 401, 404–5, 462–3, 519, 520–1
plantation see colonization
poor law 112, 201, 539, 551, 552
potatoes 431–2, 545
radio 269–74
railways 154
prostitution 196–7, 200
silver 256
slave trade 72–3
television 276–84
textiles 258
theatre 217
tithe commutation 538
workhouses 201, 539, 553
Irish Arts Council 275
Irish Broadcasting Company 269–70
Irish Catholic Women’s Suffrage Association 204
Irish Citizen Army 598, 622, 625
Irish Civil War (1922–3) 633–5, 647, 650, 651
Irish Civil Wars (1641–53) 317
Irish Conservatism 46, 47, 48–9, 50
Irish Constitution (1937) 677–8
Irish Countrywomen’s Association 678
Irish Emigrant Association 469
Irish Exhibition of Living Art (IELA) see under Dublin
Irish Felon 553
Irish Film Board 275, 276
Irish Film Centre 275
Irish Folklore Commission 135
Irish Free State 55, 75, 148, 158, 162, 207, 270, 598, 632, 633, 634, 647–66
Irish Freedom 597
Irish Historical Studies 3–4
Irish Housewives Association (IHA) 206, 678
Irish Industrial Exhibition (1853) see under Dublin
Irish Land Act (1870) 557
Irish Land (Provision for Sailors and Soldiers) Act (1919) 613
Irish Landowners’ Convention 52
Irish language 36, 178–9, 222, 225, 272–3, 279, 660–1, 677
in historical sources 439–41
Irish Liberalism 49–51
(p. 775) Irish Loyal and Patriotic Union 52
Irish Loyalism 48, 52, 72, 504, 505, 506, 593, 594
Irish Magazine 529
Irish National Land League see Land League
Irish National League 583, 593
Irish National Volunteers (INV) 598, 607, 608, 610
Irish nationalism 28, 32, 33, 36–42, 622
and the First World War 608, 609–11
and Home Rule 582, 583, 597, 598
women, role of 203
Irish nationalists 55, 56–7
Irish New Army 605, 606
Irish parliament 33–4, 37, 258, 402–3, 404, 506, 540, 582
and Catholics 500, 523, 524, 525
devolved proposal 588
of the Irish Free State 632
of the Irish republic (1916) 625
Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) 114, 206, 583, 588, 603, 604, 608, 609, 610, 611, 623, 624
Irish patriotism 32–3, 411–13, 415–16, 479––91
Irish police force 653, 654
Irish Protestant Conservative Society 46
Irish regiments (in the British Army) 604, 605, 606, 608, 609, 611–12
see also British Army
Irish regiments (in continental armies) 335, 339, 344–5, 346
Irish Republican Army (IRA) 54, 56, 59, 119, 120, 614, 626–30, 633, 665, 672–3, 699, 706, 716–17, 721, 722, 723, 731, 733, 734
Provisional 71, 745, 746, 747, 751, 753, 754, 755
Real IRA 744
Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) 36, 557, 584, 595, 596, 598, 623, 625, 655, 656
Irish republicanism 452, 497, 499, 753
Irish Revolution (1912–23) 621–38
Irish Rugby Football Union 608
Irish Screen Commission 276
Irish Socialist Federation 636
Irish Texts Society 447
Irish Times 647
Irish Trades Union Congress 611
Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union (ITGWU) 622, 629
Irish Unionism 45–60, 72, 497, 508–11, 692–707
and the First World War 608, 609, 613
and Home Rule 583, 593–6, 604
Irish Unionist Alliance 52, 205
Irish Unionist Parliamentary Party 52
Irish Volunteers 481, 488, 489–90, 597, 598, 623
Irish War of Independence (1919–21) 625–32
Irish Women’s Franchise League 204, 631
Irish Women’s Guardians Act (1896) 204
Irish Yeomanry 532
Irvine, Jaki 243
Jackson, Rev. William 501
Jacob, W and R (biscuit manufacturers) 150, 162
Jacobitism 33, 339, 375, 389, 391, 405, 406, 444–5, 447–51, 452
James I, King of England and Ireland, VI of Scotland 179, 335
James II, King of England and Ireland, VII of Scotland 109, 335, 337, 338–9, 358, 361, 376, 377, 378, 380, 382
Jamesons (distillers) 162
Jefferson, Thomas 467, 468
Jellett, Mainie 242, 243
Jerpoint glass works 262
Johnson, Thomas 648, 649, 672
Johnston, Anna 203
Johnston, Denis 275
Johnstown Castle, County Wexford
Agricultural Museum 261
Joint Committee of Women’s Societies and Social Workers 207, 678
Jones, Henry 324
Jones, Mary ‘Mother’ 636
Jones, Michael 320
Jones, Theophilus 357
Jordan, Neil 275
(p. 776) Jourdain, Colonel H. F. N. 606
Joyce, James 224, 268
Juries Act (1927) 206
Juries Act (1976) 208
Kalem Film Company 274
Kaufmann, Eric 9
Kearns, Jonathan M. 97
Kearns, Robin 97
Keating, Geoffrey 29, 42, 181, 344, 364, 443, 444, 518
Keating, Joseph 569
Kee, Robert 702
Kelly, Hugh 217
Kenmare, Thomas Browne, fourth Viscount 534
Kenmare Case (1923) 634
Kerins, Charlie 722
Kettle, Tom 596
Kickham, Charles 275
Kiernan, T. J. 271, 272
Kilbeggan plantation 292
Kildare, George FitzGerald, 16th Earl of 232
Kildare Place Society 529, 534
Kilkenny 262, 426
grammar school 442
Killarney ware 261
Kilmichael Ambush (1920) 628
Kilwarden, Arthur Wolfe, first Viscount see Wolfe, Arthur, later first Viscount Kilwarden
Kindness, John 245
King, Gregory 428
King, William, Archbishop of Dublin 364, 391
Kinsale, County Cork 387
Kipling, Rudyard 606
Knox, William, Bishop of Killaloe 524
Kyteler, Alice 195
La Touche (family) 235
Labour Party (Britain) 575
Labour Party (Ireland) 670, 672, 674, 731, 732, 734, 738, 739
Labour Party (Northern Ireland) see Northern Ireland Labour Party (NILP)
Labour Rate Act (1846) 550
Labourers Act (1936) 675
Ladies’ Land League 203
Lake, General Gerard 504, 505, 506, 507
Lalor, James Fintan 113, 553
Lamb, William, second Viscount Melbourne see Melbourne, William Lamb, second Viscount
Lambert, Sir Oliver 292
Land Act (1870) 114
Land Act (1881) 116
Land Act (1923) 120
Land Act (1933) 120
Land Commission 120, 121, 675
Land League 38, 114, 115, 575, 583, 585, 586
Land War 115–16, 203
and Home Rule 586, 591, 593
literature 221
Lane, Hugh 241, 245
Laois plantation 292, 293–4, 295, 305
Larkin, James 622, 623, 636
Larne, County Antrim 152
Larne gunrunning (1914) 53, 60, 597
Lavery, Sir John 239
Law, Andrew Bonar 53, 623
Lawless, Emily 221, 223, 453
Lawrence, Richard 365
le Brocquy, Louis 242
League of Nations 657, 681
Lecky, W. E. H. 15
Leeson, Margaret 196
LeFanu, Joseph Sheridan 219
Leinster, James FitzGerald, first Duke of 235
Leinster, William FitzGerald, second Duke of 237
Leitrim plantation 292, 305
Lemass, Fr Peter 280
Lemass, Seán 163, 277, 278, 674, 676, 717–18, 727–30
Lenihan, Brian 728, 731
Leuven (Louvain)
St Anthony’s College 344, 442
Lhote, Andre 242
Liberal Unionism 50
Library of Ireland 540
Limerick 387, 426
Lindsay, Thomas 410
(p. 777) Linen Board 151, 152, 414, 434, 463
Liverpool, Merseyside 253, 257, 362, 469, 562, 570, 571
Lloyd, Sylvester 450
Lloyd George, David, later first Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor 611
Loach, Ken 276, 629, 650
Loans and Guarantee Act (1922) 159
Local Enterprise Development Unit 161
Lombard, Peter 442
London
Canary Wharf bomb 754
immigrants 570, 571
National Gallery 241
Royal Society of Arts, Great Room 236
London Midland and Scottish Railway Company 244
Londonderry City see Derry City
Londonderry, Edith, Marchioness of 206
Long, Walter, first Viscount 53
Long War (1969–98) 743–50
Longford (County) 627
Longford, Thomas Pakenham, eighth Earl of see Pakenham, Thomas, later eighth Earl of Longford
Longford plantation 292, 305
Loughrea Cathedral, County Galway 261
Louis XIV, King of France 335, 337, 339, 340, 383, 385, 389
Louvain see Leuven
Loyal Irish Union 52
Lucan, Patrick Sarsfield, first Earl of see Sarsfield, Patrick, later first Earl of Lucan
Lucas, Charles 416, 480, 484, 485, 486
Luttrell, General Henry, second Earl of Carhampton see Carhampton, General Henry Luttrell, second Earl of
Lutyens, Sir Edwin 613
Lynch, Dominic 442
Lynch, Jack 279, 727, 728, 729, 731, 732–5
Lynch, John 344, 365, 442
Lyons, Francis Stewart Leland 8
MacAingil, Aodh 441
McAleese, Mary 614
Mac an Bhaird, Eoghan Rua 441
Mac an Bhaird, Fearghal Óg 441
McArdle, Tommy 275
McAuley, Alexander 484, 485
McAuley, Catherine 198
Mac Bionaid, Art 453
McBride, John 406
Mac Bruaideadha, Tadhg 441
Mac Cairteáin, Fr Conchubhar 451
Mac Cárthaigh, Éamonn Mac Donnchadha 452
McCarthy, Fr Dermot 280
McCarthy, Justin 223, 582
McClenachan, Blair 463
McClintock, Letitia 221
Mac Colgáin, Seán 443
Mac Cuarta, Séamas Dall 446
Mac Cumhaigh, Art 446, 448
McDermot, Dr Hugh 498
MacDermott, Seán 625
MacDonnell, Sir Randal, first Earl of Antrim see Antrim, Sir Randal MacDonnell, first Earl of
MacDonnell, Randal, second Earl and first Marquis of Antrim see Antrim, Randal MacDonnell, second Earl and first Marquis of
McDowell, R. B. 4
McDunphy, Michael 677
McEgan, Stephen 450
MacEntee, Seán 675, 684
Mac Fhirbhisigh, Dubhaltach 442
MacGaughran (family) 441
Mac Gearailt, Muiris Mac Dháibhí Dubh 444
Mac Gearailt, Piaras 449
McGilligan, Patrick 660
McGrath, Joe 656
MacGreevy, Thomas 224
McGuinness, Martin 757
McGuinness, Norah 242, 243
McHenry, James 467
McKean, Thomas 467
Macken, Simon 185
McKenna, Dan 717
Mackenzie, John 13
McLoughlin, Katherine 365
MacLennan, Alastair 243
Maclise, Daniel 237, 239–40, 240
(p. 778) McMahon Family 56
MacNeill, Eoin 4, 597, 598, 624, 657
MacNeven, William James 34, 472
McPolin, Dr James 683
McQuaid, John Charles, Archbishop of Dublin 177, 272, 279, 678, 684
MacRory, Joseph, Cardinal Archbishop of Armagh 177, 678
MacSwiney, Mary 205, 206
McTier, Martha 197
Madden, R. R. 40
Magee, William, Archbishop of Dublin 534
Maginess, Brian 700
Maguire (family) 441
Maguire, Brian 245
Maguire, Frank 749
Maher, Alice 243, 244
Mahon, General Sir Bryan 610, 611
Mahon, Denis 552
Mahony, James 550
Major, Sir John 753
Malby, Sir Nicholas 292
Mallow, County Cork 630
Malone, Anthony 482
Malthus, Thomas R. 545, 566
Manchester, Greater Manchester 562, 571
Mangan, James Clarence 219, 222, 453
Markievicz, Constance 205, 206
Marlborough, John Churchill, first Earl later first Duke of 387
Marochetti, Carlo 240
Marshall, George 273–4
Marshall, Rev. R. L. 171
Martin, Violet see Somerville and Ross
Marum, John 531
Maryborough (Port Laoise), County Laois 294
Maskey, Alex 614
Mason, Roy, Baron Mason of Barnsley 749
Massingham, Hugh 698
Mather, Cotton 464–5
Mathew, Fr Theobald 548
Matthews, Lemuel, Dean of Down 407
Maturin, Charles Robert 219
Maws (art pottery) 262
Mayer (stained-glass manufacturer) 262
Maynooth, County Kildare
Royal College of St. Patrick 346, 522
Melbourne, William Lamb, second Viscount 538, 539
Merlyn-Rees, Merlyn, Baron see Rees, Merlyn, later Baron Merlyn-Rees
Merrivale, Henry Edward Duke, first Baron see Duke, Henry Edward, later first Baron Merrivale
Messines (Mesen)
Island of Ireland Peace Tower 614
Methodists, Methodism 174–5, 176, 179, 180, 529
Mida, Petronella de 196
Midleton church, County Cork 262
Milligan, Alice 203
Mitchell, George 754
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 471
Ministers and Secretaries Act (1924) 653
Mitchel, John 73, 540, 541, 548, 553, 554
Molyneaux, James, Baron Molyneaux 752
Molyneux, William 31, 366, 401, 403, 466, 479, 487
monasteries, dissolution of the 292
Monks of the Order of St Patrick see Monks of the Screw
Monks of the Screw 488, 489
Monro, George 336
Montcragan (barony) 304
Montgomery, Hugh 299
Montgomery, James 679
Moody, Theodore William 4, 5, 6, 17
Moore, George (fl 1760; artist) 237
Moore, George (1852–1933; writer) 221
Moore, Thomas 453
Morgan, Sydney Lady 219
Mosse, Nicholas 262
Mother and Child Scheme 683
Mountrath, Charles Coote, first Earl of see Coote, Sir Charles, later first Earl of Mountrath
Moylough belt shrine 250
Moynihan, Maurice 677
Mulally, Teresa 198
Mulcahy, Richard 654, 655
Mulholland (family) 50
Mulholland, Rosa 221
Mulready, William 237
(p. 779) Municipal Corporations Act (1840) 539
Munster and Leinster Bank 155
Munster Bank 155
Munster plantation 292, 294–5, 296–8
Murphy, Arthur 217
Murphy, Brian 7
Murphy, Pat 275
Murphy, Tom 221
Murphy, William Martin 622, 623
Murray and Sons (carpenters) 262
Musgrave, Sir Richard 498, 528
Nagle, Nano 197
Nagle, Richard 361, 377
Nantes
Irish college 345
Napier, Sir Joseph 47, 49
Napier, Philip 245
Nation, The 540
National Army 651, 655–6
National Association 556
National Council of Women 678
National Health Insurance Act (1933) 675
New Catholic Association 535
New Departure 585, 586
New English 30
New Ireland Forum 737
New Orleans, Louisiana 471, 572
New Ulster Political Research Group (NUPRG) 752
New York
immigrants 464, 466, 467, 468, 469, 472, 572
Irish Hunger Memorial 96
trade 463
New Zealand, Irish emigration to 573
Newburyport, Massachusetts 569
Newcastle, Tyne and Wear 562
Newry, County Down 253, 295
linen 416
Newtownards, County Down 614
Ní Annagáin, Maighréad 271, 273
Nicholson, Asenath 180, 220
Nixon, John 697
Northcote, Sir Stafford, later first Earl of Iddesleigh 52
Northern Bank 155
Northern Ireland 55–60, 76, 632, 648, 656, 743–60
direct rule 161, 744, 747–4
economy and industry 159–61
emigration 132
film 276
hunger strikes 750
internment 747, 753
land ownership 121
radio 273–4
television 280–2
see also Ireland
Northern Ireland Civil Rights’ Association (NICRA) 58, 281
Northern Ireland Film Commission 276
Northern Ireland Film Council 276
Northern Ireland Housing Trust 703
Northern Ireland Labour Party (NILP) 697, 698, 699, 700
Northern Ireland Office (NIO) 748
Northern Ireland Peace Forum 754
Northern Ireland ‘Troubles’ 7, 10, 245
Northern Ireland Women’s Coalition (NIWC) 754
Northern Star 499, 505
Nugent, Major General Sir Oliver 612
O’Boyle, Turlough 303
Ó Briain, Conchubhar 451
Ó Briain, Seán 451
O’Brien, Conor Cruise 731, 734, 745
O’Brien, Gay 281
O’Brien, Sir Lucius 484
O Brien, Maire Rua 232
O’Brien, William 117, 221, 587
O’Brien, William Smith 540, 543, 554
Ó Broin, León 272, 276, 277
Ó Bruadair, Dáibhí 359, 444, 446
(p. 780) O’Byrne (family) 441
O’Byrne, Feagh Mac Hugh 451
Ó Buachalla, Brendán 12
O’Callaghan, Kathleen 206
Ó Cearnaigh, Nicholas 453
Ó Cianáin, Tadhg 443
Ó Cléirigh, Lughaigh 443
Ó Cléirigh, Mícheál 442, 443
Ó Colmáin, Domhnall 451
O’Connell, Daniel 16, 37, 40, 73, 472–3, 524, 527, 529, 532–3, 534, 535, 536, 537–8, 539–40, 541, 548
O’Connell, Eilis 243
O’Connell, Robert 442
O’Connor, Ambrose 450
O’Connor, Frank 275
O’Connor, T. P. 223
O’Connor Donn (family) 441
Ó Dálaigh, Aonghus Fionn 441
Ó Dálaigh, Aonghus Mac Doighri 451
Ó Dálaigh, Godfraidh Fionn 441
O’Daly, John 222, 453
O’Deveney, Cornelius 442
Ó Doirnín, Peadar 444, 449
O’Donnell (family) 441
O’Donnell, Hugh 335
O’Donnell, Hugh Balldearg 389
O’Donoghue, Philip 677
Ó Drisceoil, Donal 629
O’Duffy, Eoin 656, 673, 679
O’Faoláin, Seán 679, 682
O’Ferell, Richard 442
Offaly plantation 292, 293–4, 295
O’Flaherty, Liam 220
O’Flaherty, Roderick 442
Ó Gadhra, Fearghal 443
Ó Gealcháin, Peadar 453
Ó Gormáin, Muiris 452
O’Grady, Standish 36
O Hara (family) 441
O’Hara, Charles 473
Ó hEódhasa, Eochaidh 441
Ó hEódhasa, Giolla Brighde 441
Ó hIarlaithe, Uilliam Mac Néill Bhacaigh 451
O’Higgins, General Bernardo 342
O’Higgins, Kevin 119, 653, 655, 656, 658, 665
Ó hUigínn, Tadhg Dall 441
O’Kelly, Alanna 243
Olcott, Sidney 274
Old English (Anglo-Norman) 29–30, 70, 171, 292
and plantation 304, 305, 306, 307, 308
Old Irish see Gaelic Irish
Old Protestants 30
O’Leary, Ellen 202
O’Leary, Paul 14
Ó Longáin, Mícheál Óg 449
Omagh bomb (1998) 744
O’Maille, Padraic 648
O’Malley, Desmond 733, 737
O’Malley, Donogh 728
O’Malley, Grainne 195
Ó Maoil Chonaire, Flaithrí 442
O’Mara, Pat 135
O’Moore (family) 294
O’Neill (family) 441
O’Neill, Daniel 365
O’Neill, Hugh, later second Earl of Tyrone 29, 68, 129, 296, 341
O’Neill, Sir Neill 233, 234
O’Neill, Owen Roe 320, 336
O’Neill, Sir Phelim 316
O’Neill, Terence, Baron O’Neill of the Maine 58, 281–2, 699, 702, 703, 704, 728
Oppenheimers (mosaic manufacturers) 262
Orange Order 9, 48, 56, 58, 59, 505, 528, 702–3, 756
Ó Rathaille, Aogán 446
O’Reilly (family) 441
O’Reilly, Alejandro 342
O’Reilly, Margaret 196
O’Reilly, Michael, Archbishop of Armagh 179
Orford, Sir Robert Walpole, first Earl of see Walpole, Sir Robert, later first Earl of Orford 412
Oriel, John Foster, first Baron see Foster, John, later first Baron Oriel
Ormond, James Butler, 12th Earl, first Marquess and later first Duke of 317, 319, 320, 323, 337, 338, 358, 359, 360, 361, 364
Ormond, James Butler, second Duke of 408, 409
Ormond, Thomas Butler, 10th Earl of 296, 297
Ormond plantation 306
(p. 781) Ormonde (family) 232, 233
Orpen, Sir William 241
Orr, James 216
Orrery, Roger Boyle, Earl of see Broghill, Roger Boyle, Lord, later Earl of Orrery
Osborne, William 484
Ó Súilleabháin, Eoghan Rua 446, 449
O’Sullivan, John Marcus 15
O’Sullivan, Thaddeus 275
O’Sullivan Beare, Philip 442
Ó Tuama, Seán 446
Owenson, Sydney 219
Paisley, Rev. Ian, later Baron Bannside 699, 703, 705, 757
Pakenham, Thomas, later eighth Earl of Longford 482
Parnell, Anna 203
Parnell, Charles Stewart 40, 115, 156, 582, 585, 586–7, 588
Parnell, Fanny 202
Parson (family) 256
Parsons, General Sir Lawrence 610
Patterson, Henry 9, 16
Paxton Boys 134
Peace Day celebrations 87
Peacock, Nicholas 182
Pearce, Stephen 262
Pearse, Margaret 206
Pearse, Patrick 597, 625
Peel, Sir Robert 526, 535, 537, 539–40, 546–7
Peep of Day Boys 528
People’s Democracy 282, 745
Pery, Edmond Sexton, first Viscount 480, 484, 487
Petty, Sir William 325, 337, 362, 428
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 463, 464, 466, 467, 468, 472
Philip III, King of Spain 340
Philipstown (Daingean), County Offaly 293, 294
Phipps, Sir Constantine 410
Pirrie, William, first Viscount 159
Pitt, William 490, 499, 502–3, 505, 506, 507, 508, 510, 526
Pius X, Pope 205
Place Act (1793) 509
Plant, George 722
plantation see Ireland, colonization
Plunket, William 508
Plunkett, Nicholas 358
Plunkett, Oliver, Archbishop of Armagh 360, 361
Plunkett, Patrick, Bishop of Meath 181
Pocock, J. G. A. 13
Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) 756
Pollock, Hugh 696
Ponsonby, Brabazon, later second Viscount Duncannon 415
Ponsonby, George 501, 502
Ponsonby, William 501, 508
Poor Law Guardians (PLGs) 204
‘Poor Old Woman, The’ see Shan Van Vocht
Popish Plot (1678) 361
Port Laoise, County Laois see Maryborough (Port Laoise), County Laoise
Porter, Hugh 216
Porter, J. P. 614
Portland, William Cavendish-Bentinck, third Duke of 501, 502, 503, 504
Power, John O’Connor 585
Poynings’ Law (1494) 34, 382, 402, 462, 489
Pratt, John 411
Pratt, John Jeffreys, second Earl, later first Marquess Camden see Camden, John Jeffreys Pratt, second Earl, later first Marquess
Prendergast, Kathy 243
Presbyterians, Presbyterianism 30, 31, 35, 46, 47, 111, 170–1, 175, 176, 178, 179, 180, 181, 185, 365–6
and Catholicism 498
and Covenanters 406–7
emigration 131, 135, 410, 433
evangelism 529
exclusion from public office (‘sacramental test’) 409, 415, 519
and the Rebellion of 1798 506
and the Society of United Irishmen 506, 519, 523
and Unionism 693
and the Westminster Confession 410
see also Protestantism
(p. 782) Prior, James, Baron Prior 749–50
Progressive Democrats 737
Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) 754
Property Defence Association 116
Protestant Ascendancy 367, 401, 462, 528, 533
Protestants, Protestantism 29, 30, 31, 169, 176, 178, 184, 185, 413–14
and the Act of Union, opposition to 37
charter schools 414
and colonization 72, 299, 307, 308, 321, 336–7, 338, 347
Dissenters 178, 180, 363, 365, 366, 391, 401, 407, 409
emigration 127, 130, 131, 572
evangelism 47
and the IRA 628–9
and the Irish Civil Wars (1641–53) 318–19
and the Irish Free State 661
patriotism and nationalism 32–3, 36
and Presbyterianism 498, 519
soldiers and militia 379, 386
and Unionism 45–8, 49, 50, 55, 56, 692
Provisional IRA see under Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Public Hospitals Act (1933) 675
Quakers 365, 550, 551, 553
Quinn, Bob 275
Quinn, David Beers 4, 6, 13
Raidió na Gaeltachta 273
Radio Éireann 271, 272
Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ) 275, 278–9
Rathmines Municipal Technical Institute 156
Read, Charles 223
Real IRA see under Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Rebellion of 1641 316–17, 325
Rebellion of 1798 505–8, 522–3
Redmond, John 117, 118, 582, 587, 598, 608, 610
Redmond, William Archer 610
Reagan, Ronald 751, 752
Rees, Merlyn, later Baron Merlyn-Rees 749
Regan, John 7
Reid, Nano 243
Reitz, Denys 605
Religious Tract and Book Society 529
Remembrance Day celebrations 87, 613
Reynolds, Albert 737, 738, 753, 757
Ribbonism 39, 531
Rice, Edmund Ignatius 198
Riddell, Charlotte 219, 223
Rightboys 110
Rinuccini, Giovanni Battista 319, 340, 442
Ritchie, Ian 95
Robartes, John 360
Roberts, Thomas 237
Robinson, Frances Mabel 221
Robinson, John J. 92
Robinson, Mary 206, 737
Rockites 529, 531, 534
Roosevelt, Franklin D. 682, 715
Roscommon 292, 628
Ross, Martin see Somerville and Ross
Roth, Edward 278
Rothe, David 442
Routh, Sir Randolph 547
Royal Bank 155
Royal Hibernian Academy see under Dublin
Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) 40, 625–6, 630, 632
Auxiliary Division 630, 631, 632, 637
Black and Tans 630, 631, 632, 637
Royal Navy 346, 519, 532
Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) 747, 756
Russell, Lord John, first Earl 548–9, 554, 556
Ryan, Dr Jim 675
Ryan, Dr Thomas, Bishop of Clonfert 279
Ryder, John, Archbishop of Tuam 479
Sackville, Lionel, first Duke of Dorset see Dorset, Lionel Sackville, first Duke of
St Andrews Agreement (2006) 8, 9
St Leger, Anthony 292
St Louis, Missouri 471
St Ruth, Charles Charlemont, General and Marquis de 387
Salisbury, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil, third Marquess of 591
(p. 783) Salonika memorial 613
Sampson, William 472
San Francisco, California 569
Sands, Bobby 750
Sarsfield, Patrick, later first Earl of Lucan 389
Saunderson (family) 50
Saunderson, Colonel Edward 594
Saurin, William 526
Saville of Newdigate, Mark, Baron 747
Sayers, Jack 699, 703, 704
Scarman Commission (1972) 747
Schomberg, Frederick, Marshal and first Duke of 385, 386
Scotland, Irish emigration to 562, 568, 570
Scots-Irish settlers (in North America) 127, 131, 134, 410, 464, 465
Scott, Sir Walter 453
Scottish Gaelic Texts Society 447
Scottish settlers (in Ulster) 30, 108, 130, 301–2, 407
Scottish Unionism 55
Screen Training Ireland 276
Scullabogue, Wexford 506
Second World War 711–25
Seymour, Dermot 245
Shamrock 469
Shan Van Vocht (‘The Poor Old Woman’) 203
Shanavests 532
Shannon, Henry Boyle, first Earl of 32, 413, 415, 482
Sharp, Anthony 363, 365
Shaw, George Bernard 223, 743
Shee, Martin Archer 239
Sheehy-Skeffington, Hanna 204, 679
Sheil, Richard Lalor 534, 536
Sheridan, Frances 217
Sheridan, Thomas 217
Short & Harland (aircraft manufacturers) 160
Shrewsbury, Charles Talbot, first Duke of 409
Sidney, Sir Henry 440, 451
Sinn Féin (SF) 39, 118, 206, 595, 596, 611, 612, 614, 625, 648, 658, 659, 660, 672, 744, 750, 752, 753, 754, 755, 756
Smith, Sir Thomas 292, 296
Smitz, Caspar 233
Smyth, George 262
Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) 706, 748, 750, 752, 753
Society of Artists 238
Society of Artists of Ireland 238
Society of United Irishmen see United Irishmen
Somerville, Alexander 220
Somerville and Ross (Edith Somerville and Violet Martin alias Martin Ross) 223
Somme Association 605
Souter, Camille 244
Special Committee on Wireless Broadcasting 270
Spencer, Charles, third Earl of Sunderland see Sunderland, Charles Spencer, third Earl of
Spender, Sir Wilfred 696
Spenser, Edmund 215, 218, 451
Stafford, Staffordshire 571
Stanihurst, Richard 442
Statute of Westminster (1931) 657
Steelboys 110
Steele, Richard 217
Stevenson, Robert Louis 453
Stoker, Bram 219
Stone, George, Archbishop of Armagh 415, 482
Strabane, County Tyrone 363
Strafford, Thomas Wentworth, first Earl of see Wentworth, Thomas, later first Earl of Strafford
Strafford Survey of Connacht 325
Stewart, Robert, Viscount Castlereagh see Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount
‘Strongbow’, Richard fitz Gilbert, second Earl of Pembroke 68
Sullivan, James Mark 274
Sunderland, Charles Spencer, third Earl of 409
Sunningdale Agreement (1973) 60
Sussex, Thomas Radclyffe FitzWalter, first Baron later third Earl of 294
Sweetman, Nicholas, Bishop 183
Swift, Jonathan 33, 401, 412, 414, 415, 518
Sydney, New South Wales
Monument to the Great Irish Famine 96
Synge, Edward 180, 197, 462
(p. 784) Talbot, Charles, first Duke of Shrewsbury see Shrewsbury, Charles Talbot, first Duke of
Talbot, Peter, Archbishop of Dublin 360
Talbot, Richard, Earl of Tyrconnell see Tyrconnell, Richard Talbot, Earl of
Tara, Hill of, Count Meath 83
Teeling, Charles 449
Teilifís na Gaeilge see TG4
Telefís Éireann 278, 279
Television Commission 277
Temple, Sir John 324, 361
Templetown Unionists Clubs 52
Tenant League 556
Tennent, James Emerson 47
TG4 (Teilifís na Gaeilge) 279, 282
Thatcher, Margaret, Baroness Thatcher 737, 749, 750
Thiepval
Ulster Tower 613
Thomson, Samuel 216
Threshers 531
Tierney, Michael 15
Tipperary Bank 155
Tisdall, William 406
Tod, Isabella 204, 205, 593
Tolle, Brian 96
Tone, Theobald Wolfe 34, 381, 491, 497, 498, 499, 501, 503, 507, 518
Tories (rural insurgents) 452
Toronto 572
Ireland Park 97–8, 98
Townshend, George, fourth Viscount and first Marquess 32, 486
Trade Unions Act (1941) 674–5
Tralee, County Kerry 630
Treaty of Limerick (1691) 388
Tresham, Henry 235, 236
Trevelyan, Sir Charles 547, 549, 550
Trimble, David, Baron Trimble of Lisnagarvey 55, 56, 58, 59, 756, 757
Trimble, W. C. 614
Trollope, Anthony 221
Troy, John, Bishop of Ossory, Archbishop of Dublin 466, 524, 532
Trustees of the Hempen and Flaxen Manufactures of Ireland see Linen Board
Tuam, County Galway 630
Turlough Park, County Mayo
Country Life Museum 250, 261
TV3 (television channel) 282
Twisleton, Edward 554
Twomey, Moss 673
2BE (radio station) 273
2RN (radio station) 269, 272
Tynan, Katharine 223
Tyrconnell, Richard Talbot, Earl of 339, 358, 360, 361, 377, 378, 385, 388
Tyrone, Hugh O’Neill, second Earl of see O’Neill, Hugh, later second Earl of Tyrone
Uí Chléirigh (family) 441
Uí Dhuibhgheannáin (family) 441
Uí Eódhasa (family) 441
Uí Ghnímh (family) 441
Uí Mhaoil Chonaire (family) 441
Ulster Bank 162
Ulster Constitutional Club 49
Ulster Constitutional Union 49
‘Ulster Custom’ 50, 113, 556, 558
Ulster Defence Association (UDA) 60, 746, 752, 754
Ulster Defence Union 52
Ulster Democratic Party (UDP) 754
Ulster Freedom Fighters 60
Ulster Liberal Society 50
Ulster Plantation 30, 108, 129, 170, 292, 295–6, 299–304
Ulster Reform Club 50
Ulster Resistance 60
Ulster Society 59
Ulster Special Constabulary (USC) 633
Ulster Television (UTV) 282
Ulster Unionism 52–6, 594, 596–7, 604, 609, 613, 691, 693, 737, 748, 752
Ulster Unionist Council 52, 53
Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) 56, 693, 699, 703, 743, 749, 752, 756
(p. 785) Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) 53, 59, 597, 607, 608, 609, 745, 746, 749, 754
Ulster Women’s Unionist Council (UWUC) 205
Ulster Workers’ Council (UWC) 748
Union Defence League (UDL) 53
Unionist Convention League 52
United Irish League 117, 118, 583, 587
United Irishman 553
United Irishmen 34–5, 40, 491, 497, 498, 501, 504, 505, 506, 519, 523, 528, 530
United Ulster Unionist Council (UUUC) 748
Universal Advertiser 483, 485
Upper Ossory plantation 293, 305
Ussher, James, Archbishop of Armagh 33, 179, 336, 442
Valamanesh, Angela 96
Valamanesh, Hossein 96
Valera, Éamon de 89, 271–2, 657, 662, 664, 665, 666, 670–86, 712, 713, 714, 715, 716, 723
Vallancey, Charles 33
Vere, Aubrey De 219
Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland 554
Villiers (family) 304
Villiers, George William Frederick, fourth Earl of Clarendon see Clarendon, George William Frederick Villiers, fourth Earl of
Vincent, Philip 324
Vodrian ware 257
Wadding, Luke 442
Waldo, Samuel 465
Wall, Ricardo 342
Walmsley, Charles, Bishop (‘Signor Pastorini’) 529
Walpole, Sir Robert, later first Earl of Orford 412
Walsh, Edward 222, 453
Walsh, James Joseph 269–70
Walsh, Peter 359
Walshe, Joseph 681
War News 720
War of the Three Kings (1689–91) 375–91
Ward, Rachel 9
Ware, Sir James 442
Waterford 259, 426
glass 256, 262
silver 256
Wedgwood, Josiah 256
Weir, Grace 243
Wellesley, Richard Wellesley, first Marquis 534
Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, first Duke of 535
Wentworth, Thomas, later first Earl of Strafford 306–8
Wesley, John 174
West, Harry 704
West, Robert 233
Westmeath plantation 305
Wexford (County) 506
Wexford plantation 292, 304, 305
Wharton, Thomas, fifth Baron, first Earl and first Marquess of 409
Whig Club 491
Whigs 49–50, 408, 409, 501, 538
Whitaker, T. K. 163, 728, 729, 732–3
White, Jack 635, 636
White, Peter 442
Whiteboys 110, 531
Whitehaven, Cumbria 253
Whiteside, James 47, 49
Wickham, General Sir Charles 716
Widows and Orphans Pensions Act (1935) 674
‘Wild Geese’ 129, 339, 340, 341
Wilde, Jane 219
William (of Orange) III, King of England and Ireland, II of Scotland 339, 380, 384, 386, 404
Williams, Thomas 722
Wilson, Harold, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx 705
Wilson, Field Marshal Sir Henry 613
Witherow, Lieutenant 605
Wolfe, Arthur, later first Viscount Kilwarden 502
Women’s Council see Cumann na mBan
Women’s Legion 206
(p. 786) Women’s Social and Progressive League 679
Wood’s Halfpence Dispute (1722–5) 412
Woollen Act (1699) 403
Worcester, Massachusetts 569
Workington, Cumbria 568
Workman Clark (shipbuilders) 154, 159
Workmen’s Compensation Act (1934) 674
Wright, John Michael 233, 234
Wyndham, George 592, 595
Wyse, Thomas 535
Wytschaete memorial 613
Yeats, Jack B. 241–2, 244
Yeats, John Butler 241
Yeats, William Butler 219, 223, 224
York Street Flax Spinning Company 153
Youghal, County Cork 262
Young, Sir Arthur 705
Young Ireland 35, 113, 202, 203, 540–1, 553, 556, 595
Ypres, John French, first Earl of see French, Field Marshal Sir John, later first Earl of Ypres