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date: 15 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The First World War had profound consequences for the development of modern Ireland. The outbreak of war in August 1914 served to diffuse the Home Rule crisis and prevented a civil war between Unionists and Nationalists in Ulster. John Redmond’s support for the British war effort undoubtedly played a major role in the decline of the Irish Parliamentary Party. In economic and social terms there was massive dislocation as 210 000 Irishmen served in the British armed forces, of whom 40 000 were killed. This chapter reflects the existing historiography by examining recruitment, the experience of Irishmen in the British army, and commemoration.

Keywords: War, recruitment, commemoration, Ulster, Redmond

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