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date: 12 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores Ireland’s epic migrations of the long nineteenth century: a period in which the country exported a higher proportion of population than any other European state. It explores the causes, patterns, and effects of migration through the lens of key scholarship, exploring both Irish contexts and those of the new communities Irish people formed. The discussion attempts to be global in perspective and to make comparisons between sites of settlement. A major aim is to present this population movement in all its facets—economic, social, political, religious, and cultural—and to ensure that both Catholic and Protestant migrations are presented. As well as exploring important scholarship, the chapter also delves into the types of sources which historians have used to measure the demographic, human, and social aspects of one of the world’s great emigrations. The chapter finishes by suggesting future avenues of research.

Keywords: Emigration, Migration, Diaspora, ‘Great Famine’, community, ethnicity

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