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date: 12 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Irish nation of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was a construct, its emergence made possible by the development of new forms of communication and supported by an extensive rewriting of the country’s complex history. Once in place, however, this construct was to prove remarkably durable, outliving the particular conjunction of political, economic, and sectarian conflicts out of which it took shape. Long before the nineteenth century, moreover, different parts of the Irish population—the Gaelic Irish, the medieval settlers, the eighteenth-century descendants of Stuart and Cromwellian colonists—had sought to create an imagined community rooted in Irish history and traditions. The Irish case thus illustrates the two contrasting faces of modern nationalism: as the product both of modernization and of long-term processes of identity formation.

Keywords: nationalism, patriotism, culture, identity, ethnicity

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