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date: 08 March 2021

(p. 659) Index

(p. 659) Index

Numbers in bold indicate the principal discussion(s) of a figure or topic.

Abstract ideas 128–48
Berkeley on 27–9, 88, 606–7
Campbell on 167
Hutcheson on 71
Price on 163–4
Smith on 96
Addison, Joseph 9, 10, 379
On eloquence 92, 99, 100
On genius 472–4, 477
On the imagination 437–9
On the pleasures of the imagination 395–7, 401, 405, 406, 407, 410, 411, 426
On tragedy 453, 455
Aesthetics
Faculty of taste 430–49
Kinds of aesthetic pleasure 393–429
Paradox of tragedy 450–67
Theories of genius 468–87
Akenside, Mark 97, 99–100
Alison, Archibald
On taste 446–8
On the pleasures of the imagination 420–3, 424, 425
American Revolution 2, 13–14, 36, 65, 97–8, 189, 522, 523–4, 531, 537, 538, 545, 546, 547, 552, 555, 559, 563, 565, 566–8, 569, 571, 581, 591–2
Ancient constitution 500, 531, 532, 538–9, 541, 570
Ancients vs. moderns 333, 357
With regard to eloquence 93, 96
With regard to originality 476, 483
With regard to trade 575–6, 585, 589
Aristotle (and Aristotelianism)
Carmichael's rejection of 501
Conception of scientific knowledge 160
Influence on theories of language 130, 131, 142, 145, 146
Locke as critic of 22, 23
On natural law 334
On politics 505, 516, 532, 534, 536, 541–2, 549
On rhetoric 84
On the goal of ethics 372
On the passions 199, 211
On the pleasures of imitation 453
On tragedy 451, 452, 455, 465
Ashe, George 27
Association of ideas 13
And the passions 72–8, 212, 219, 271, 277–8, 284–5
And theories of genius 478–86
Entails necessitarianism 255–7
Hartley on 186–7, 190
Hume on 48
In relation to morality 304–7
In relation to taste 420–5, 445–8
In rhetorical theory 92
In the workings of the understanding 158
In theories of perception 109, 114, 116, 120, 122–4, 125
Reid on 241
Wollstonecraft on 207
Astell, Mary 8
On love 200, 219
On thinking matter 173–4, 184
Atheism (see also Hobbes, Spinoza) 4–5, 14, 30, 163, 175–7, 184, 190, 229, 336, 255, 377, 575, 599–619, 622, 628, 629, 631, 635, 641
(p. 660) Augustine of Hippo (and Augustinianism) 272
On human selfishness 292, 293, 294–6, 297, 307, 311
On love of God 642–3, 650
On the passions 200
Ayloffe, William 271, 273–4
Bacon, Francis 49, 66, 68, 72, 125, 197, 636
Bailey, Samuel 107
Baillie, Joana 221
Balfour, James 377
Balguy, John 241, 349
Bangorian Controversy 35
Barbeyrac, Jean 334, 501, 502, 503
Barbon, Nicholas 585–6, 587, 589, 590
Baxter, Andrew 45, 46
Bayle, Pierre 502, 513, 578, 601, 615, 645
Beauty 13, 65
As distinct from sublime 406–25
Association of ideas as source of pleasure in 445–8
Burnet criticises Hutcheson on 349
Campbell on 91, 96
Gerard on sense of 479–80
Hutcheson on 69, 72, 233, 321, 479
Imagination as source of pleasure in 437–45
In experience of tragedy 453, 454, 456, 457, 458, 461
In mathematics and science 486
In theories of the passions 202, 205, 206
Internal sense of 430–7
Source of aesthetic pleasure 397–406
Benson, George 35
Bentham, Edward 27, 153–4
Bentham, Jeremy 5
As secular moral theorist 376, 638, 655
Exponent of selfish hypothesis 310
On British constitution 547
On contract theory 548
On government 526
On morality 364
On political economy 579
On reform 572
On utility 363–4
Bentley, Richard 42, 45, 46, 49, 50, 601, 602
Berkeley, George 3, 11, 14
Against materialism 183–6, 189, 605–10, 612
Against right of resistance 556-
And Hartley 123–4
And Smith, and Stewart 124–6
As critic of Shaftesbury 642
Influence on Hume 122
Influence on Reid 116–21, 142
On eloquence 87–8, 89
On general terms 130–8
On Locke 27–9
On Newton 41, 44, 48, 49, 50, 53
On particles 139
On scepticism 167
On understanding and judgment 156–7
On vision 107–16
Bethune, John 199, 200, 201, 218, 284
Blackstone, William
Bentham on 526, 547
On British constitution 532–3, 536, 537, 541
Blair, Hugh 22
On conscience 282–3, 285
On eloquence 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 98, 99, 100, 101
On pleasure of tragedy 457, 463, 465
Bolingbroke, Earl of, Henry St. John
Hume as critic of 540
On British constitution 530–1, 539
On corruption 541, 545–6
On faction 538, 543
On luxury 583–4
On origin of government 498–500, 506, 517
Use of Locke in Craftsman 36
Boyle Lectures 30, 45, 49, 50, 177, 178, 249, 263, 346, 601–2, 645
Boyle, Robert 23, 47, 49, 66, 176, 601, 645
Bragge, Francis 271, 273, 274
British constitution 2, 13, 85, 89, 496, 499–500, 530–52
Burke on 567, 570
Hume on 562–3
Brown, John 87, 97, 584–5
Brown, Thomas 77
Burgh, James 36, 542, 545
Burghope, Musidorus 272, 274
(p. 661) Burke, Edmund 3, 7
Knight on 423, 424
On language 88
On British constitution 530, 533, 538–9, 540–1
On electoral franchise 547
On eloquence 97–101
On luxury 592
On parties 545
On pleasure of tragedy 462
On radicalism 525
On reform and revolution 568–72
On sympathy 213–14
On taste 443–5
On the passions 215, 216, 218
On the sublime 407–10
Wollstonecraft on 77
Burnet, Gilbert 232, 322, 348–9
Butler, Joseph 5, 7, 8, 68
Against selfish hypothesis 201, 299–301
On conscience 282–3, 325–7
On Locke on personal identity 31
On Methodism 375
On morality and religion 643–5
On philosophical method 66
Campbell, Archibald 303–4
Campbell, George 3, 14
On abstract ideas 167
On pleasure of tragedy 457–8
On rhetoric 90, 91–2, 94, 96–7, 101
Reply to Hume on miracles 631–5
Carmichael, Gershom 335, 372–3, 381, 501–4, 506, 507, 508, 510, 522
Carroll, William 30
Cato's Letters: see Trenchard and Gordon
Causality, causation, causes 599–615
Bacon on 66
Berkeley on 108
Clarke on 249–50
Final 49–52
Hartley on 256–7
Hume on 48, 58–60, 158, 252–3
Maclaurin on 53
Newton on 44, 54–5
Price on 166
Priestley on 261–2, 266
Reid on 48–9, 117, 263–4, 330
Chambers, Ephraim 6, 7, 9, 151, 155
Cheyne, George 8, 284
Cicero 37, 284
As orator 87, 93, 99, 456, 462
D'Olivet's edition of 272
On Epicureanism 292
On luxury 581
On mixed constitution 532
On the passions 199
On rhetoric 84
Clarke, John 293, 299, 301–2, 303, 645–6
Clarke, Samuel 6, 7, 14
Critic of Spinoza 53
Criticized by Hume 610–15
Debate with Collins 173, 176, 177–83, 187, 189, 190
Defence of Newton 44, 48, 49, 50
On free will 249–51, 254, 256–8, 259–60, 262, 263, 265, 266
On morality 317–18, 328, 329, 343, 346–8
On personal identity 30–1
On religion 602–5
On suicide 378
On the passions 203, 208, 274–5
Clayton, Robert 3, 206, 215
Cockburn, Catherine 8, 32
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor 37
Collins, Anthony
Debate with Clarke 177–83, 185, 187, 190
Deism 34–5, 601, 623
On necessity 261
On personal identity 31
Commerce 9, 79, 80, 81, 281, 336, 337, 382, 385, 406, 498, 519, 521, 565, 575–92
Commonwealthmen 558–9
Condillac, Étienne Bonnot de 6, 26, 96, 107, 128, 132, 133, 139, 140, 141, 145, 146
Conjectural history 69, 79–81, 96, 139–42, 515, 516
Conscience
Blair on 283
Hutcheson on 234, 309–10
Locke on 628
Price on 260, 328
Reid on 283, 376–7
(p. 662) Contract (as ground of political legitimacy) 294, 491–526, 548–9, 556, 566, 591
Contract (legal) 382–4
Cotes, Roger 42, 45
Crichton, Alexander 285–6
Criticism (see also Aesthetics) 10, 85, 87, 93, 414, 416, 483
Definition of 13
Cudworth, Ralph 200, 227, 346
On Hobbes 601, 602, 603
On materialism and atheism 175–6
Cullen, William 8
Darwin, Erasmus 77
Davenant, Charles 578, 586
De Lolme, J. L. 533
Defoe, Daniel 579–80, 583
Deism 34, 35, 175, 184, 185, 190, 373, 376, 379, 386, 575, 625, 631, 635, 640
Democracy 499, 520, 531–2, 534, 537, 539, 547, 571–2, 621
Descartes, René / Cartesianism 23, 27
As ‘rationalist’ 615–18
As theorist of ideas 329
In relation to Newtonianism 47, 48, 49, 53, 54, 56, 58
In relation to theories of language 107, 110, 111, 128, 131, 132, 144, 145
In relation to theories of the understanding 150, 151, 154, 155, 157
In relation to debate about mind and matter 175, 180, 183, 185, 285
On primary and secondary qualities 435
On the passions 200, 202
Voluntarism 317
Dodwell, Henry 35, 177–8
Du Bos, Abbé 411–12, 414, 451, 452, 463
Duff, William 478, 481–4
Duncan, William 27
Duty (moral) 7, 51, 176–7, 348
Berkeley on 642
Butler on 356, 644–5
Halyburton on 32
Hartley on 187–8
Hutcheson on 71, 233, 243
Locke on 33, 34, 640
Of allegiance 491–526
Price on 352
Reid on 243, 264, 330–1
To God, self, and others 369–70, 374–85
Egoism: see Selfish hypothesis
Eloquence: see Rhetoric
Elrington, Thomas 37
Emotions: see Passions
Empiricism 10, 12, 21, 53, 68
Hume's 359–60
Hutcheson's 228–9, 320–1, 344–5
In study of politics 549
In theories of language 128, 130, 131, 134–6, 142, 144
Locke's 154–5
Price on 327
vs. Rationalism 615–19
Encyclopaedia Britannica 6, 9, 11
Enlightenment 4, 14, 21, 621–36
British 14, 621–36
English 4–5
Epicureanism
Cosmology 42, 45, 50, 51, 599–600
Ethics 73, 176, 199, 201, 207, 273, 292, 294, 296, 297, 298, 379, 386, 578
Epistemology 10, 126, 149
Essay on the Origin of the Passions 284
Faction (political) 521, 538, 542, 543–5, 565, 587
Falconer, William 285
Fénelon, François 582, 592
Ferguson, Adam 146, 362, 550
On democracy 537
On faction 544
On moral philosophy 7
On natural history 66, 69, 79
On origin of government 515–18
On political nostalgia 542
On standing armies 543
On the legislator 549
Republicanism 545
Fielding, Joseph 9, 270
Filmer, Robert 33
Fletcher, Andrew 543, 546
Fordyce, James 78
Fortescue, James 272
(p. 663) French Revolution 2, 13–14, 65, 522, 531, 538, 567–8, 585, 592
Burke on 568–72
Gay, John
On association of ideas 187, 284
On Hutcheson 73, 327
On selfish hypothesis 299, 301, 304–5
General ideas: see Abstract ideas
Genius 468–86
Gerard, Alexander 420, 635
Definition of criticism 13
On genius 478–81, 484–6
On taste 445–6
On the pleasures of the imagination 397, 408, 411–14
On tragedy 461–2
Gibbon, Edward 9, 94
Glorious Revolution 2, 13, 49, 530, 538–9, 540, 555, 556, 558, 579, 583
Burke on 570
Hume on 563
Principles of 493–500
Smith on 565–6
Godwin, William 5, 77, 523, 566, 567
Government
Duty of allegiance to 555–74
Forms of 530–54
Origins of 491–526
Grace (divine)
Necessary to control of the passions 272–5, 285
Necessary to virtue 293, 375, 655
Warburton on 86
Gregory, John 78, 635
Grotius, Hugo 334–5, 339, 373, 384, 501
Grove, Henry 283–4
Halyburton, Thomas 32
Harrington, James (and Harringtonianism) 496, 497, 500, 520, 539, 540, 550, 551, 582
Harris, James 5
On language 128, 130, 142–6
On the understanding 163, 167
Hartley, David 3, 5, 7, 61, 92, 125
Berkeley's influence on 107
On association of ideas and education 284–5
On human nature 67, 69, 73, 75–7, 78
On liberty and necessity 255–8, 259–60, 261, 263, 265
On materialism about the mind 186–8
On morality 304, 305–6, 327
On perception 123–4
Reid on 189, 190
History (see also Conjectural history, Natural history)
As philosophy 9
Hume on 205–6, 220–1
Morality as product of 356–64
Hoadly, Benjamin 35–6
Hobbes, Thomas 14, 30, 32, 49, 51, 65, 66, 72, 79, 277, 304, 311
As atheist 599–602, 603, 605
As rights theorist 371, 509
As selfish theorist 292, 294, 297, 300, 303
Materialism 175, 176, 177, 181
On association of ideas 479
On morality 319, 321, 325, 329, 336, 337, 339, 343, 350, 372
On pleasure of tragedy 454
On state of nature 495, 505
On the passions 197–8, 200–1, 202, 207
Place in history of early modern philosophy 615–19
Hogarth, William 394, 426, 441–3
Home, John 450
Hume, David
Centrality to discussion of eighteenth-century meta-ethics 315, 331
Criticism of rational religion 610–15
In relation to Locke 22, 29, 30, 33, 36
On British constitution 535, 537, 539, 540
On commerce as a concern of modern politics 575–6
On eloquence 90, 93, 95, 96, 101
On faction 544–5
On justice 245
On language 130, 131, 135, 137–8, 143
On liberty and necessity 249, 251–5, 261, 262, 263
On luxury 587–8
On materialism about the mind 176, 182–3, 189
(p. 664) On miracles 629–31
On morality and religion 650–1
On morality 316, 318, 322–5, 327, 329, 330, 349, 351, 357–62, 376
On Newton 44, 46, 48, 51–52, 53, 55, 58–60, 61
On origins of government, and contract 509–15, 517, 519–20, 522, 525, 526
On perception 117, 122–3, 126
On politics as a science 549–50, 551
On reason in relation to passion 237–8, 242
On reform and revolution 561–3
On selfish hypothesis 291, 307–8
On slavery 81
On suicide 380–1
On taste 401–5, 439–41
On the science of man 67, 68, 69, 73–5, 78, 79
On the sublime 407
On the understanding 150, 151–2, 155, 157–9, 161–2, 164, 165, 166, 168
On tragedy 452, 455–6, 458–61, 462, 463, 464
Place in eighteenth-century British philosophy 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 14
Utilitarian politics 551–2
Hurd, Richard 87, 457, 463, 465
Hutcheson, Francis 3, 4, 5, 8, 12
On benevolence 342–6, 348–54
On eloquence 94
On Locke 32–3
On lying 384
On moral sense 320–5, 327–330,
On morality and religion 646–9, 655
On origins of government 504–9, 514, 525
On political nostalgia 542
On reason in relation to passion 228–38
On rights 541
On science of the mind 68–9, 69–72, 72–3
On selfish hypothesis 291–3, 298–9, 300–10
On sublime 406–7
On suicide 380
On the passions 198, 199–203, 209–10, 212, 213, 217, 218, 220, 272, 276–9, 283, 284
On the understanding 152
On toleration 544
On tragedy 454, 455
Proto-utilitarianism 551
Reid on 239–46
Ideas (see also Abstract ideas, Association of ideas, Innate ideas)
And generality 128–48
And meaning 87–8
And sense-perception 107–26
And the understanding 149–68
Berkeley on 27–8, 606–9
Hutcheson on 231
Locke on 23–6, 624
Maclaurin on 53
Mayne on 28–9
Price on 327
Reid on 29, 238–9
Imagination 28
And appetite for luxury 582, 583, 584, 587
And genius 468–86
And scientific theorizing 61
And sense of allegiance 515
And the passions 278, 279, 284
As aesthetic sense 437–45
In connection with rhetoric 90, 92, 96, 100, 101
In relation to the understanding 149–68
In theories of human nature 72–8
The pleasures of 393–425
Innate ideas
And generality 146, 162–7, 168
And morality 73, 284, 327, 331, 359, 361
In theories of perception 111
Locke on 23, 26, 27
Irreligion: see Atheism
Jackson, Seguin Henry 211
Johnson, Samuel 6, 8. 9, 99, 484
Judgment (see also Moral sense) 276, 524, 557
(p. 665) As an act of the understanding 152, 153–4
As component of perception 107–16, 118–19
Berkeley on 157
Chambers on 151, 155
Gerard on 445, 485–6
Hume on 143, 151–2, 155, 157
Locke on 150–1, 154, 155, 156
Reid on 159, 435–6
Theories of 119
Justice
And government 515–20, 534
And morality 335
And perfect rights 382
As cardinal virtue 370
Divine 251, 255, 258, 638, 645, 652
Hume on 325, 359, 510–15
Hutcheson on 244, 506, 508–9
Locke on 316
Reid on 242–6
Kames, Lord (Henry Home) 8, 69
As necessitarian 261
On beauty 405–6
On eloquence 90, 92, 96
On morality and religion 649–50, 655
On public law 541
On sympathy 214
On the causal maxim 166
On the passions 204, 207, 207–8, 211, 216, 218
On the pleasures of the imagination 397, 414–18, 421
On tragedy 454–5, 463, 465
Kant, Immanuel 2, 6, 45, 118, 227, 241, 326, 330, 356, 393, 407, 408, 410, 417, 425, 440, 441, 468, 475, 486, 616, 617
King, William 3, 27, 73, 284, 304
Knight, Richard Payne 423–5, 462–3
Language 11
And rhetoric 84–103
And thought 128–48
Berkeley on 27–8
E. Bentham on 27
‘Language of nature’ 107–26, 185–6, 609
Locke on 23
Law, Edmund 31, 73, 304
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm 6, 26, 42, 44, 48, 50, 602, 645
Leland, Thomas 88, 89, 92, 97, 100
Leslie, Charles 35–6
Liberty
Divine 334, 347
Love of 396, 407
Of genius 476
Of judgment 151
Of will /action 12, 177–8, 182, 248–68, 273, 318, 347, 352, 607
To commit suicide 377, 379–81
Liberty (political) 13, 14
And popular sovereignty 523–4
And rights 524
British 580, 530–2, 563
Burke on 571
Commerce in relation to 590, 591
Hume on 511–12
Hutcheson on 505–7
In religion 566
Luxury as threat to 580, 582, 584
Of women 78, 80
Smith on 564
Locke, John (and Lockeanism)
And science of human nature 65, 68, 70, 71
As modern Epicurean 292
As voluntarist about natural law 334, 340, 343
Berkeley on 184–6
Doctrines and influence 21–40
Influence of his political thought 494–509, 522, 523, 524–5, 559, 566
On association of ideas 72, 277, 305, 420, 479
On desire as uneasiness 305
On forms of government 536–7
On language 88, 129–46
On morality 316–17, 318
On Newton 41
On perception 107
On reflection 208–9
On religion 601–2, 623–9, 639–40
On rhetoric 85–6, 87, 93
On right of resistance 556
On the understanding 149–68
On thinking matter 172–77, 182, 186, 190
On toleration 544
(p. 666) Place in eighteenth-century British philosophy 1, 3, 5, 7, 11, 12, 12, 15
Price on 328
Separation of philosophy from physiology 285
Logic
Definition of 6, 7, 11
Lockean 26–7
In relation to rhetoric 84
And language 142, 143
And the understanding 152–5
Longinus 95, 99, 100, 39, 468–9, 470–2, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 482
Lucretius 99, 453–4, 611
Luxury 278, 279, 336, 337, 519, 542, 558, 559, 575–92
Lying 383–5
Lyttelton, George 86
Macaulay, Catherine 8
Machiavelli, Nicolo 558–9, 585
Maclaurin, Colin 46–7, 53, 54, 60, 61
Madden, Samuel 89
Madison, James 544, 548, 551
Malebranche, Nicolas 107, 110, 144, 151, 159, 174, 186, 317, 323
On the passions 199, 200, 212, 219
Mandeville, Bernard 5, 7, 68
And politics 559–61
As moral sceptic 319
On artificiality of morality 336–9
On government 551
On human selfishness 294–6
On luxury 586–7
On lying 383, 385
On moral anatomy 67
On the naturalness of morality 356–7
On the passions 201, 203, 220, 280
Masham, Damaris 8
Materialism (about the mind) 12, 124, 171–93
And doctrine of necessity 260
And immortality of the soul 639–40, 648, 651
Berkeley on 605–10
Clarke on 602–5
Hobbes's 600
Hume on 29
Locke's hypothesis 29–30
Maxwell, John 381
Mayne, Zachary 28–9, 162–3
Metaphysics (eighteenth-century conceptions of) 3, 6, 10, 12, 26, 42, 44, 52, 108, 125, 141, 171–2, 187, 191, 263, 333, 336, 373, 571, 615
Millar, John 69, 79, 80–1, 362, 549
Mirror of Human Nature 200
Molyneux, William 3, 26, 27
‘Molyneux Problem’ 26, 109–10, 115, 156
Monboddo, Lord (James Burnett) 6, 8
On language and general ideas 142–5
On the understanding 167
Montagu, Elizabeth 8
Montesquieu, Charles Secondat de 6, 10, 80, 281, 357, 380, 496, 515
On British constitution 534–7, 539, 543
Moral philosophy (eighteenth-century conceptions of) 6–7, 13, 51, 68, 270–1, 333, 357, 369–70
Moral sense 32–33, 90, 94, 297, 302, 319–25, 377, 454, 505, 510, 520
And taste 398, 405, 414
Burnet and Balguy on 348–9
Gay on 73, 284, 304–5, 327
Hartley on 76–7, 327
Hume on 237–8, 359
Hutcheson on 230–7, 343–6, 646–7
In theories of the passions 201, 202, 203, 206, 209
Price on 327–8
Shaftesbury on 341–2
Smith on 329
Moyle, Walter 558–9
Natural history 11
As element of science of human nature 66, 68, 69, 79
Of government 510–21, 525, 526
Natural jurisprudence (and natural law) 13, 334–6, 339, 340, 341, 343, 346, 364, 408, 510, 513, 522, 541
And practical ethics 382, 383
Burke on 570
(p. 667) In Scotland 500–9
Lockean 22, 31 33, 34
Newton, Isaac (and Newtonianism) 2, 11, 41–64, 66, 126, 636
Berkeley 108
D. Stewart 125
In Clarke-Collins debate 181–2
In Reid-Priestley debate 190–1
Priestley 124
Reid 117
Norris, John 151, 155, 200
Oswald, James 3, 8
Paine, Thomas 37
On British constitution 547–8
On civil government 523, 524
On democracy 537
On luxury 592
On right of resistance 566–8
Paley, William 526
On contract theory 525
On morality and religion 655
On morality 363–4, 369, 370–1
On selfish hypothesis 310
On suicide 380
Passions
Government of 270–88
In relation to reason 226–47
Taxonomies of 197–255
Perception (see also Moral sense, Taste) 11, 28–9, 34, 65, 107–27
And language 135, 137, 138, 144, 146
Berkeley on 183–6
In relation to the understanding 150–6, 162, 163, 164
Reid on 238, 435–6
Personal identity 30–1, 174, 177, 182
Petty, William 578, 592
Philosophy
18th-century definitions of 6–9, 10
American 2
British 5–6
Eighteenth-century definitions of 6–9, 10
English 3, 4–5, 68, 85–7, 311, 491, 511, 610
Irish 3, 87–9
Practical vs. theoretical 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 270–1, 369
Scottish 2, 3–4, 7–8, 11, 69, 79, 89–92, 132, 150, 166–7, 307, 369, 491, 501, 510, 516, 546, 549, 622
Welsh 2–3
Plato (and Platonism) 163, 350, 432
In theories of genius 468–72, 476, 480, 482, 485
In theories of language 128, 130, 142, 144, 145
On commerce and luxury 576, 581
Political economy 271, 281, 566, 575–92
Pope, Alexander 9, 78
Price, Richard 3, 7, 32, 37, 241
On British constitution 531, 535, 537, 540, 544, 546, 547, 550, 552
On civil liberty 523
On liberty and necessity 258–60, 262, 263, 264, 265, 267
On moral sense 327–8, 329
On right of resistance 566–8, 570
On the understanding 150, 163–6
On virtue 349–52
Priestley, Joseph 3, 7, 30, 310
On civil liberty 523, 524
On democracy 537
On eloquence 85, 92, 95, 99
On Hartley 77
On language 141
On liberty and necessity 260–2, 263, 265, 267
On materialism about the mind 173, 176, 188–9, 190, 191
On Newtonianism 45, 46, 55, 56, 61
On Reid 124
On right of resistance 566–8
Primary and secondary qualities
And beauty 437, 439, 479
Berkeley on 28, 184–5, 607
Hutcheson on 70
Locke on 23–4
Pufendorf, Samuel 227, 277, 291, 292, 335, 343, 369, 373, 541
Carmichael on 501–4
Hutcheson on 504–9
Rationalism 21, 53
Moral (vs. sentimentalism) 226–7, 246, 316–18, 327–8, 346–52
vs. empiricism 615–19
(p. 668) Reason (faculty of) 72, 78, 138, 143, 149–68, 175
And self-interest 296, 305, 306, 308
As component of virtue 346–52
Hume on causal reasoning 610–15
In aesthetic judgment 431–2
In moral judgment 316–18, 327–31
In perception 111, 113, 118, 122, 123
In politics 513–14, 530, 548, 557, 567
In relation to passion 226–7, 272–5, 277, 278, 280, 281
In relation to rhetoric 86, 96, 100
Locke 25–6, 32, 33, 34
Newtonian rules of reasoning 42, 45, 47, 52, 54–60
Reid, Thomas 3, 5, 7, 11, 12, 13, 33, 58, 633, 635
On beauty 395, 435–7
On conscience 283
On justice 244–6
On language and generality 130, 131 138, 142–6
On liberty and necessity 263–7
On matter 45, 189–91
On moral judgment 329–31
On morality and religion 377, 653–4
On Newtonianism 48–9, 55, 58, 67–8
On origins of government 509, 525
On perception 107, 116–21, 122, 124, 125–6
On personal identity 22, 29–30
On piety 376
On practical ethics 372
On Priestley 189–91
On reason in relation to passion 238–46
On rights 382
On suicide 380
On the passions 208
On the understanding 150, 152, 159, 166–167
On virtue 371
Religion (in relation to morality) 14, 374, 638–55
Hutcheson on 232–7
Locke on 32
Resistance, right of 373–4, 495, 500, 501, 503, 504, 506, 511, 512, 519, 522, 523, 524, 540, 555–72
Reynolds, Joshua 442
Rhetoric 7, 84–103, 167, 201, 211, 410, 457
Richardson, Samuel 9
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 6, 36, 66, 78, 79, 133, 139, 142, 588–9, 592
Rutherforth, Thomas 369–70, 378, 382
Scepticism 10, 14, 94, 98, 146, 161–2, 167–8, 336, 605, 609, 610, 613, 615, 630, 635, 639–40, 650, 654
Selfish hypothesis 291–314, 320, 324, 325, 337, 338, 359, 641
Butler on 12, 66
Hutcheson on 227–9
Mandeville on 200–1, 216–18, 220, 280
Sentimentalism: see Moral sense
Sentiments: see Passions
Shaftesbury, Third Earl of (Anthony Ashley Cooper) 5, 7, 8, 372
As moral-sense theorist 319–20, 326
On beauty 394–5, 400, 402, 430–2, 435
On language and generality 138, 145
On Locke 32
On luxury 582
On morality and religion 377, 640–3
On philosophical method 66–7, 68
On public spirit 558
On ridicule 97
On selfish hypothesis 293, 296–8, 299
On sympathy 212
On the passions 198, 200, 201, 202–203, 209, 226. 271, 275–6, 277, 279, 283, 284
On virtue 340–3, 349, 352, 355
Smith on 309
Sheridan, Thomas 7, 89, 92–3, 99
Skelton, Philip 3
Slavery 81, 383
Smith, Adam 3, 7, 12, 33, 36, 550, 552
Berkeley's influence on 107
(p. 669) On conjectural history 69, 79–80, 81
On faction 544
On government 511, 515, 517, 518–21
On luxury 588–92
On moral judgment 328–9
On morality and religion 651–3
On reform and revolution 563–6
On rights 382–3
On scientific method 58, 61
On sense-perception 124–5
On standing army 540, 543
On sympathy 213, 299, 308–10
On the central questions of moral philosophy 333
On the nature of virtue 363
On the passions 198, 200, 201, 202, 206–7, 210–11, 281–2
On tragedy 461–2
Sociability 65, 76, 270, 281, 291–314, 334–5, 339, 385, 505, 516, 544, 578, 588
Spectator: see Addison, Joseph
Spinoza, Baruch 30, 44, 49, 50, 51, 53, 615–18
As Hobbist religious sceptic 600, 601, 603, 605
As materialist 182, 183
As necessitarian 347
Stackhouse, Thomas 373, 375
State of nature 36, 66, 280, 292, 495, 510, 525, 526, 536
Sterne, Laurence 84
Steuart, Sir James 281, 580
Stewart, Dugald 3, 4, 5, 15, 69, 159, 515, 622
Berkeley's influence on 107
On language 133, 140, 141
On perception 125–6
On Smith's political writings 561
On the imagination 426
On the understanding 149
On theoretical vs. practical philosophy 369
On tragedy 453
Stillingfleet, Edward 30, 49, 174–5, 184, 623, 640
Stoicism 505, 582
Christian 296, 372
Cosmology 45
Hutcheson 276–7
On sociability 334
On suicide 379, 381
On the passions 273–4
Shaftesbury 276
Sublime 13, 65, 92, 97, 99–101, 320, 393–4, 406–11, 418, 468–86
Addison on 396, 447, 448
Alison on 420–1, 422, 423, 446, 447
Burke on 216, 444
Campbell on 96
Gerard on 412, 445–6
Hogarth on 442, 443
Hume on 95
Kames on 416–17
Knight on 424–5
Longinus on 95, 396
Reid on 436
Substance, and essence
Berkeley on 29
Locke on 23–6, 160
Suicide 378–81
Sympathy 65, 73, 75, 76, 281, 284, 306, 396, 403, 404, 405, 410, 416, 418, 424, 518, 520, 590
And eloquence 88, 91, 95
In Hume, and Smith 307–10
In Hume's moral philosophy 360–1
In Smith's moral philosophy 363
In theories of moral judgment 324–35, 28
In theories of the passions 201, 210, 211–14, 217, 218
Source of pleasure in tragedy 451, 452, 454, 455, 456, 457, 460–1, 462–3
Synge, Edward 3
Taste 13, 78, 90, 91, 94, 98, 201, 202, 206, 207, 211, 213, 214, 242–3, 279, 321, 461, 462, 642
And genius 472, 473, 478, 479, 480, 484, 486
Faculty of 430–49
Objects of 393–425
Thomson, James 9
Tindal, Matthew 34, 376, 632
Toland, John 3, 49
And Locke 34, 36
As materialist 175, 177, 178, 185
On eloquence 86
(p. 670) On faction 543
On luxury 583
On meaning 136
Toleration 34–37, 544, 579, 622, 627–9, 635
Tooke, John Horne 145
Trenchard, John and Gordon, Thomas 38
On corruption 542
On eloquence 86, 87, 98
On origins of government 495–8
On suicide 379
Tucker, Abraham 67, 77, 306–7
Tucker, Josiah 36, 525, 540
Turnbull, George 67–8, 335, 372
Tyrell, James 26, 36
Understanding 6, 27, 28, 68, 69, 72, 78, 90, 101, 114, 115, 116, 135, 149–70, 204, 274, 318, 347, 351, 438, 445, 476, 481, 613, 615
Locke on 22–26
Usher, James 410–11
Utility (and utilitarianism) 2, 21, 77, 91, 187, 188, 296, 380, 589, 638
And beauty 402–45, 411, 412, 413, 416, 417, 439, 442, 446
And selfish hypothesis 303, 304, 308, 310, 311
And virtue 360, 363–4
In politics 512, 513, 514, 519, 520, 521, 523–6, 547, 550–2, 559, 565, 572
Vico, Giambattista 6, 578
Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet de 26, 107
On British constitution 533, 539, 580
On Newton 42
Wallace, Robert 8
Warburton, William 5, 7, 605, 610
On eloquence 86, 87, 88, 92, 95
On Locke 37
On sublime 100
Watts, Isaac
On logic 7, 27
On the acts of the understanding 152–4
On the government of the passions 283
Wesley, John 285, 384
Whole Duty of Man 375
Wilkes, John 2, 523
Will (faculty of) 6, 32, 210, 230, 248–69, 318, 347, 349, 604, 605, 607, 608, 609, 612, 628
And eloquence 90, 101
In politics 498, 502, 503, 508, 517, 525
In relation to the understanding 150–2, 153, 155, 156
Witty, John 30
Wollaston, William 227, 348, 353, 605
Wollstonecraft, Mary 5, 7
On association of ideas 77–8
On Burke 533
On political representation 546
On the passions 202, 207, 208
Women
As readers and writers of philosophy 8
Millar on 80–1
Wollstonecraft on 77–8, 207
Wynne, John 26
Young, Edward 87, 93, 475–8, 483
Zombies 171–2