- Notes on Contributors
- Locke and His Influence
- Newton and Newtonianism in Eighteenth-Century British Thought
- The Idea of a Science of Human Nature
- Rhetoric and Eloquence: The Language of Persuasion
- Perception and The Language of Nature
- Language and Thought
- The Understanding
- Mind and Matter
- Passions, Affections, Sentiments: Taxonomy and Terminology
- Reason and the Passions
- Liberty and Necessity
- The Government of the Passions
- Self-Interest and Sociability
- Moral Judgment
- The Nature of Virtue
- Practical Ethics
- The Pleasures of the Imagination and the Objects of Taste
- The Faculty of Taste
- The Pleasures of Tragedy
- Genius and the Creative Imagination
- The Origin of Civil Government
- Forms of Government
- Reform and Revolution
- Luxury, Commerce, and the Rise of Political Economy
- Causation, Cosmology, and the Limits of Philosophy: the Early Eighteenth-Century British Debate
- Philosophy, Revealed Religion, and the Enlightenment
- Religion and Morality
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter explores the approaches taken by eighteenth-century British writers to the relationship between aesthetic judgments of beauty, sublimity, and the picturesque, and the faculty of taste that makes them possible. Writers in the tradition emphasize the fit between qualities in objects so judged and a capacity to be affected by them. This common theme unites the various contributions, but they can be divided in terms of the faculty on which different writers place emphasis. A first group isolates an internal sense (Shaftesbury, Hutcheson, and Reid); a second emphasizes the imagination (Addison, Hume, and Hogarth), and a third appeals to principles of association (Gerard and Alison). Each group is discussed in turn and details of the respective positions explored.
Timothy M Costelloe is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. He is the author of Aesthetics and Morals in the Philosophy of David Hume (Routledge, 2007) and The British Aesthetic Tradition: From Shaftesbury to Wittgenstein (Cambridge, 2013), and editor of The Sublime: From Antiquity to the Present (Cambridge, 2012). In 2003 and 2006 he was a Humboldt Fellow at Maximilians-Universität München.
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