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date: 29 March 2020

(p. xvii) List of Abbreviations

(p. xvii) List of Abbreviations

ACEnet Appalachian Center for Economic Networks

ACES Annual Capital Expenditure Survey

ALA American Library Association

ALP Average Labour Productivity

AMARC Association Mondiale des Radiodiffuseurs Communautaires (World Association of Community Organization Broadcasters)

AMD Advanced Micro Device

ANT Actor Network Theory

AOL America Online

APC Association for Progressive Communications

APTN Associated Press Television News

ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency

ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Administration Network

ASICs Application Specific Integrated Circuits

ASM Annual Survey of Manufactures

AST Adaptive Structuration Theory

ATM Automatic Teller Machine

BaE British Aerospace

BBC British Broadcasting Corporation

BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis

BLFTZ Bayan Lepas Free Trade Zone

BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics

BP Business Process

BPO Business Process Outsourcing

BPR Business Process Reengineering

CBO Community Based Organizations

CBS Columbia Broadcasting System

CCTV Closed Circuit Television

CEN/ISSS Comité Européen de Normalization/Information Society Standardization System

CEO Chief Executive Officer

CFT Capital Flows Table

CHAH Coalition of Haitians for the Advancement of Haiti

CII Computer Intelligence Intercorp

CIO Chief Information Officer

CLEC Competitive Local Exchange Company

CMC Computer Mediated Communication

CNUS Computer Network Use Supplement

CRM Customer Relations Management

CSCW Computer Supported Cooperative Work

CSO Central Switching Office

CTC Communication Technology Centers

DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid

DNS Domain Name System

DoJ Department of Justice

DOTForce Digital Opportunity Task Force

DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory

DSL Digital Subscriber Line

DSP Digital Signal Processing

DVB Democratic Voice of Burma

EBP Employment Based Preferences

ECI Employment Cost Index

EPG Electronic Programme Guides

EQW‐NES Educational Quality of the Workforce – National Employers' Survey

ERP Enterprise Resource Planning

ESS Employment Structure Survey

FBC Free Burma Coalition

FCC Federal Communications Commission

FDI Foreign Direct Investment

FRTW Fixed Reproducible Tangible Wealth

FTC Federal Trade Commission

FTZ Free Trade Zone

GDP Gross Domestic Product

GE General Electric

GGDC Groningen Growth and Development Centre

GMM General Method of Moment

GPT General Purpose Technology

HICN Health Information Community Networks

HR Human Resource

IBM International Business Machines

ICT Information and Communication Technology

ICTS Information and Communication Technology and Service

IDML International Development Markup Language

IGC Institute for Global Communication

IICT International Information and Communication Technologies

IIT Indian Institute of Technology

IMC Independent Media Center

IMF International Monetary Fund

IP Internet Protocol

IPES Information Processing Equipment and Software

IPR Intellectual Property Rights

IS Information System

ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO International Organization for Standardization

ISP Internet Service Provider

ISV Independent Software Vendor

IT Information Technology

ITO Information Technology Outsourcing

ITU International Telecommunication Union

JV Joint Venture

KAIS Korea Advanced Institute of Science

KAIST Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

KIAP Kanpur Indo‐American Programme

KIET Korea Institute of Electronics Technology

KIST Korea Institute of Science and Technology

KMS Knowledge Management System

KPI Key Performance Indicator

KSC Korea Semiconductor Company

LAN Local Area Network

LEOS Low Earth Orbiting Satellite

LG Lucky‐Goldstar

LRD Longitudinal Research Database

LTCM Long Term Capital Management

M&A Mergers and Acquisitions

MFP Multi Factor Productivity

MINERVA Multiple Input Network for Evaluating Reactions, Votes and Attitudes

MIP‐S Mannheim Innovation Panel in Services

MK Motorola Korea

MNC Multinational Corporation

MOO Multi‐user Object Oriented

MOST Ministry of Science and Technology

MoU Memorandum of Understanding

MUD Multi User Dungeon

NAICS North American Industry Classification System

NAP Network Access Point

NBC National Broadcasting Company

NGO Non‐Governmental Organization

NHS National Health Service

NIC Newly Industrializing Country

NLD National League for Democracy

NLG New London Group

NLLS Non‐Linear Least Squares

NPM New Public Management

NSF National Science Foundation

NSFNET National Science Foundation Network

NSM New Social Movement

NTIA National Telecommunications and Information Administration

OCAM Office, Computing and Accounting Machinery

OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Ofcom Office of Communications

ONS Office of National Statistics

OP Olley Pakes

OSS Open Source Software

P3P Platform for Privacy Protection

PC Personal Computer

PDA Personal Digital Assistant

PEN Public Electronic Network

PETS Privacy Enhancing Technologies

PFI Private Finance Initiative

PIA Privacy Impact Assessment

PIM Perpetual Inventory Method

PIN Personal Identification Number

PIPEDA Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act

POP Points of Presence

PPI Producer Price Index

PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network

QOS Quality of Service

R&D Research and Development

RBD Reverse Brain Drain

RBOC Regional Bell Operating Company

RBV Resource Based View

RFA Radio Free Asia

RFID Radio Frequency Identification

S&E Scientists and Engineers

S&T Science and Technology

SCN Seattle Community Network

SCOT Social Construction of Technology

SI Social Informatics

SIA Semiconductor Industry Association

SMS Short Message Service

STS Science and Technology Studies

SUSE System of Unified Statistics on Enterprises

TCE Transaction Cost Economics

TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TFP Total Factor Productivity

TI Texas Instruments

TSMO Transnational Social Movement Organization

UDP User Data Protocol

UKCGO UK Children Go Online

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

USDA United States Department of Agriculture

VLSI Very Large Scale Integration

VOA Voice of America

VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol

WSIS World Summit on the Information Society

WTN Worldwide Television News

WTO World Trade Organization

XML eXtensible Markup Language

(p. xxii)