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date: 28 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the state, which has been studied from many angles. However, it has been deemed that no single theory can completely capture and explain its complexities. The article begins by addressing the question: what is the state? It then moves on to trace the origins of the state and state-building, and discuss Karl Marx's various approaches to the state. The rest of the article is devoted to identifying the state-centered theories and the Foucauldian, feminist, and ‘strategic-relational’ approaches. Discourse analysis and the stateless state theory are introduced in the chapter as well.

Keywords: state, origins, state-building, Karl Marx, approaches, state-centered theories, Foucauldian, feminist, strategic-relational, discourse analysis

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