- The Oxford Handbooks of political science
- About the Contributors
- Elaborating the “New Institutionalism”
- Rational Choice Institutionalism
- Historical Institutionalism
- Constructivist Institutionalism
- Network Institutionalism
- Old Institutionalisms
- The State and State-Building
- Development of Civil Society
- Economic Institutions
- Exclusion, Inclusion, and Political Institutions
- Analyzing Constitutions
- Comparative Constitutions
- American Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations
- Comparative Federalism
- Territorial Institutions
- Executives—The American Presidency
- Executives In Parliamentary Government
- Comparative Executive–Legislative Relations
- Public Bureaucracies
- The Welfare State
- The Regulatory State?
- Legislative Organization
- Comparative Legislative Behavior
- Comparative Local Governance
- Judicial Institutions
- The Judicial Process and Public Policy
- Political Parties In and Out of Legislatures
- Electoral Systems
- Direct Democracy
- International Political Institutions
- International Security Institutions: Rules, Tools, Schools, or Fools?
- International Economic Institutions
- International NGOs
- Encounters With Modernity
- About Institutions, Mainly, but not Exclusively, Political
- Thinking Institutionally
- Political Institutions—Old and New
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article looks at comparative executive-legislative relations, beginning with early theoretical considerations and their modern application. It discusses the forms of constitutional structure and defines parliamentary, presidential, and hybrid systems. The next section pays attention to parliamentary systems, and this is followed by a detailed discussion of presidential and semi-presidential systems.
Matthew Søberg Shugart is Professor of Political Science and at the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California, San Diego.
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