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date: 12 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on mirror self-recognition, the ability to recognize one's own image in a mirror. It presents the result of the first experiment on mirror self-recognition which showed that chimpanzees are able to learn that the chimps they see in the mirror are not other chimps, but themselves, as evidenced by self-directed behaviour. It reviews evidence for neural network for self-recognition and self-other differentiation and cites evidence that frontal cortex and cortical midline structures are implicated in self-recognition tasks. It also suggests that the mirror self-recognition ability correlates to large brain size relative to the animal's body size.

Keywords: mirror self-recognition, chimpanzees, self-directed behaviour, self-other differentiation, frontal cortex, brain size

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