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date: 27 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on methodology in the literature on human resources (HR) management and performance. Whenever a theoretical model of HR and performance is tested and estimated using empirical data, a binary decision regarding whether the model is supported (yes or no) is typically made. If support is found, it is either because the model is correct or the method is wrong (i.e. a false positive, or Type I, error of inference). If support is not found, it is either because the model is wrong or the method is wrong (i.e. a false negative, or Type II, error of inference). The article hopes to help readers to better evaluate the contribution of published research on HR and performance. Second, it hopes to help authors in preparing their work for publication and avoid problems that may otherwise lengthen the review process or adversely affect the publication decision.

Keywords: human resources, performance linkages, binary decision, HR research, methodology, theoretical model

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