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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Schengen has come to symbolize the very apex of Europe's integration ideal and ambition. In abolishing border controls between signatory states, the Schengen Agreement made it easier to travel across the breadth of Europe, and prodded a discussion about the need to create a common door to the outside world. However, in practice, the sort of free mobility associated with Schengen represents a number of challenges to further integration in Europe. This shadow of Schengen extends over three distinct areas of research, each of which is relatively sceptical of Europe's capacity to integrate. First, Schengen prompts us to consider the role of labour migration within Europe's larger ambitions for economic and monetary union. Second, it prompts a discussion about citizenship, identity, and belonging in an integrated Europe. Finally, Schengen highlights the practical difficulties of getting once-sovereign states to agree on how to face the world beyond its borders. This article examines the literature on European migration as it relates to these three crosscutting challenges.

Keywords: Schengen Agreement, European integration, border controls, labour migration, citizenship, identity, European migration

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