Abstract and Keywords
It is widely recognized that Europe needs an energy policy. There is even quite a lot of agreement about what needs to go into it. But the obstacles are formidable, and the legacies of the various component parts that have been built up through the history of the EU provide major constraints. This article begins with a brief description of the early measures up to the end of the 1970s, and then describes three main steps: the internal market; the climate change package; and the first steps towards a security of supply framework. Although it is too early to tell how the EU will bring these components together, the outlines of a possible way forward are set out by way of a conclusion.
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