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date: 21 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores two sets of questions concerning EU agencies – questions concerning their origins and their impact. First, why were EU agencies created and how did politics influence their design? And second, what impact have EU agencies had, both on the policy areas they are designed to address and on the broader EU political system? The article is organized as follows. Section 28.1 clarifies what an EU agency is and identifies existing EU agencies. Section 28.2 explains why EU agencies were created and how battles between the Commission, Parliament, and Council influenced their design. Section 28.3 presents a brief review of the development of EU agencies from 1989 through 2009, while Section 28.4 concludes.

Keywords: EU agency, European Commission, European Parliament, European Council

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