Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the EU's external security institutions: the Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), the Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF), the Court of Auditors (ECA), and the European Ombudsman. None of the four institutions can impose formal sanctions and only one, the EDPS, can give legally binding orders and take action to enforce them. The ECA and the Ombudsman are sometimes described as ‘toothless’, because their work does not lead to decisions that can be enforced. OLAF has not been so described, probably because its investigatory work is sometimes followed up by compulsory recovery of funds, prosecution, or disciplinary action. From a formal legal perspective, however, its role is purely administrative. All four institutions are external scrutiny mechanisms, and as such are tasked with making the EU and its management accountable, and normally address their reports to the public and/or to the legislature.

Keywords: Data Protection Supervisor, Anti-Fraud Office, Court of Auditors, Ombudsman, EU

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.