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date: 21 September 2021

(p. x) List of Contributors

(p. x) List of Contributors

Maria Rosa Antognazza

is Professor of Philosophy at King's College London. Her research interests lie in early modern philosophy and in the philosophy of religion. She is the author of Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation: Reason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century (Yale, 2007), and of Leibniz: An Intellectual Biography (Cambridge University Press, 2009; winner of the 2010 Pfizer Prize for best scholarly book in the history of science). She has edited texts by H. Grotius, G. W. Leibniz, and J. H. Alsted, and has published numerous contributions on seventeenth- and eighteenth-century philosophy.

Annette Baier

is a graduate of the universities of Otago and Oxford. She taught briefly at the universities of Aberdeen, Auckland, and Sydney before moving to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where she taught at Carnegie Mellon University, then at the University of Pittsburgh, from 1973 till her retirement in 1996. She now lives in Dunedin, and is an associate at the University of Otago. She gave the Tanner Lectures, at Princeton, in 1991, speaking about trust. She was the first woman to give the Carus Lectures, in New York in 1995, speaking on the commons of the mind. She has written four books about Hume (three since in retirement) and has published three collections of essays, two of them on ethics and one on the philosophy of mind. She had a long, happy marriage to Kurt Baier. She has a daughter, Sarah, and four grandchildren, Jack, Tom, Emily, and Alice.

Christopher Bertram

is Professor of Social and Political Philosophy at the University of Bristol and author of Rousseau and The Social Contract (Routledge, 2004). He has published on Rousseau and on topics in political philosophy including social contract theory, justice, and global ethics. He is currently working on justice, territory, and migration. He is a former president of the Rousseau Association.

Richard Bett

is Professor of Philosophy and Classics at Johns Hopkins University. His scholarly work has focused particularly on the ancient sceptics. He is the author of Pyrrho, his Antecedents and his Legacy (Oxford, 2000), and has translated Sextus Empiricus’ Against the Ethicists (Oxford, 1997), with Introduction and Commentary, and Against the Logicians (Cambridge, 2005) and Against the Physicists (Cambridge, 2012), both with Introduction and Notes. He is the editor of The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism (Cambridge, 2010). He has also published articles on Plato, Socrates, the Sophists, the Stoics, and Nietzsche.

John Christman

is Professor of Philosophy, Political Science, and Women's Studies at Penn State University. He is the author of The Politics of Persons: Individual Autonomy (p. xi) and Socio-Historical Selves (Cambridge University Press, 2009), Social and Political Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 2002), and The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership (Oxford University Press, 1993). He is also co-editor, with Joel Anderson, of Autonomy and the Challenges to Liberalism: New Essays (Cambridge University Press, 2005), the co-editor with Thomas Christiano of Debates in Political Philosophy (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), and the editor of The Inner Citadel: Essays on Individual Autonomy (Oxford University Press, 1989).

John Cottingham

is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Reading,

Professorial Research Fellow at Heythrop College, University of London, and an Honorary Fellow of St John's College, Oxford. His publications include Philosophy and the Good life: Reason and the Passions in Greek, Cartesian and Psychoanalytic Ethics (1998), The Spiritual Dimension (2005), Cartesian Reflections (2008), and Why Believe? (2009). He was from 1993-2012 Editor of Ratio, the international journal of analytic philosophy.

Roger Crisp

is Uehiro Fellow and Tutor in Philosophy, St Anne's College, Oxford, and Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Oxford. He is author of Mill on Utilitarianism (Routledge, 1997) and Reasons and the Good (Clarendon Press, 2006), and has translated Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics for Cambridge University Press.

John Deigh

teaches moral, political, and legal philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of The Sources of Moral Agency: Essays in Moral Psychology and Freudian Theory (1996), Emotions, Values, and the Law (2008), and An Introduction to Ethics (2010). He was the editor of Ethics from 1997 to 2008.

Julia Driver

is a Professor of Philosophy at Washington University in St. Louis. She received her PhD in Philosophy from The Johns Hopkins University. Her main areas of research are normative ethics, moral psychology, and metaethics. She has published articles in journals such as the Journal of Philosophy, Philosophy & Phenomenological Research, Nous, Philosophical Studies, Utilitas, Ethics, and the Australasian Journal of Philosophy. She has written three books: the latest, on Consequentialism, was published in 2012 in Routledge's New Problems in Philosophy series.

Miranda Fricker

is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Sheffield London. She is the author of Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing (Oxford University Press, 2007); co-editor of The Cambridge Companion to Feminism in Philosophy with Jennifer Hornsby (2000); and co-author of Reading Ethics, written with Sam Guttenplan, a book of commentaries on selected readings in moral philosophy (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009). Her main areas of interest are ethics, social epistemology, virtue epistemology, and those areas of feminist philosophy that focus on issues of power, social identity, and epistemic authority.

Aaron Garrett

is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Boston University. He works primarily in the history of early modern philosophy, specializing in the history of moral philosophy, Spinoza, and the Scottish Enlightenment.

(p. xii) Lloyd P. Gerson

is Professor of Philosophy in the University of Toronto. He is the editor of the recent Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity. He is the author of many books in ancient philosophy including Ancient Epistemology, Aristotle and Other Platonists, Knowing Persons: A Study in Plato, Plotinus (Arguments of the Philosophers), and God and Greek Philosophy. He has also translated works of Aristotle (with H.G. Apostle), the Hellenistic philosophers (with Brad Inwood), and Neoplatonists (with John Dillon). He is currently leading a team in producing a new complete translation of the Enneads of Plotinus.

Raymond Geuss

teaches in the Faculty of Philosophy at Cambridge University and is the author of Outside Ethics (Princeton University Press, 2005), Philosophy and Real Politics (Princeton University Press, 2008), and Politics and the Imagination (Princeton University Press, 2010).

Christopher Gill

is Professor of Ancient Thought at the University of Exeter. His work is centred on psychology and ethics in Greek and Roman thought, especially ideas about personality and self. A current focus is on Stoic philosophy and its significance in the contemporary philosophical context. He is the author of Personality in Greek Epic, Tragedy, and Philosophy: The Self in Dialogue (1996), The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought (2006), and Naturalistic Psychology in Galen and Stoicism (2010). He has edited a number of volumes of essays, including The Person and the Human Mind: Issues in Ancient and Modern Philosophy (1996) and Virtue, Norms, and Objectivity: Issues in Ancient and Modern Ethics (2005) (all these books published by Oxford University Press).

Paula Gottlieb

is Professor of Philosophy and Affiliate Professor of Classics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her work on Aristotle's ethics includes an analysis of books 1 and 2 of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, with commentary, for Project Archelogos on the web (2001), ‘The Practical Syllogism’, an essay in The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, ed. Richard Kraut (2006), and The Virtue of Aristotle's Ethics (Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Otfried Höffe

is director of the Research Centre for Political Philosophy (Forschungsstelle Politische Philosophie) at the University of Tübingen, Germany. He has held chairs at philosophy departments at the University of Duisburg, Germany (1976–1978), the University of Freiburg, Switzerland (1978–1992), and the University of Tübingen, Germany (1992–2011). He is fellow of the Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, fellow and senator of the German National Academy: Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina, and sole international fellow of the Teheran Academy for Philosophy and Sagacity. His areas of research include moral and political philosophy, philosophy of law, and epistemology. He has published numerous books and essays, which have been translated into more than twenty languages. Among them are Political Justice: Foundations for a Critical Philosophy of Law and the State (1987, 1995), Democracy in an Age of Globalization (1999, 2007), Can Virtue Make Us Happy? The Art of Living and (p. xiii) Morality (2007, 2010), as well as Aristotle (1996, 2003) and Kant‘s Critique of Pure Reason: The Foundation of Modern Philosophy (2003, 2009).

Brad Hooker

has published articles on egoism, the Golden Rule, self-sacrifice, impartiality, utilitarianism, and contractualism. His book Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality was published by Oxford University Press in 2000. He has taught at the University of Reading since 1993.

T. H. Irwin

is Professor of Ancient Philosophy in the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Keble College. From 1975 to 2006 he taught at Cornell University. He is the author of: Plato's Gorgias (translation and notes) (Clarendon Plato Series, Oxford University Press, 1979); Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics (translation and notes) (Hackett Publishing Co., 2nd edn, 1999); Aristotle's First Principles (Oxford University Press, 1988); Classical Thought (Oxford University Press, 1989); Plato's Ethics (Oxford University Press, 1995); The Development of Ethics, 3 vols. (Oxford University Press, 2007–2009).

Dale Jamieson

is Professor of Environmental Studies and Philosophy, and Affiliated Professor of Law at New York University. He is the author of Ethics and the Environment (Cambridge University Press, 2008), and Morality's Progress (Oxford University Press, 2002).

Richard Kraut

is Charles E. and Emma H. Morrison Professor of the Humanities at Northwestern University. He is the author of Against Absolute Goodness (2011), What is Good and Why (2007), and several studies of the moral and political philosophies of Plato and Aristotle.

Colleen McCluskey

is Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Saint Louis University. She received her PhD from the University of Iowa. She is a co-author of a book (with Rebecca Konyndyk De Young and Christina Van Dyke), Aquinas's Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, and Theological Context (2009), as well as other writings in medieval philosophy and feminism.

David McNaughton

is currently Professor of Philosophy at Florida State University, having previously been at Keele University. He is the author of Moral Vision (Blackwell, 1988), which has been continuously in print since its publication, and (with Eve Garrard) Forgiveness (Acumen Publishing, 2010). He has also written articles, many with Piers Rawling or with Eve Garrard, on a range of topics in ethics, ethical theory, and metaethics. At present, he is editing a new edition of Butler's Sermons for Oxford University Press.

W. J. Mander

is a Fellow and Tutor in Philosophy at Harris Manchester College, Oxford. His books include British Idealism, a History (2011) and An Introduction to Bradley's Metaphysics (1994).

Adrienne M. Martin

is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, where she has taught since 2006. She works in moral philosophy and moral psychology, with particular interest in the nature of moral agency and deliberation.

(p. xiv) Susan Sauvé Meyer

is Professor and Chair of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, where she has taught since 1994. A historian of Greek and Roman philosophy, she has special interest in the ethical tradition. Her publications include Aristotle on Moral Responsibility (1993) and Ancient Ethics (2008).

Phillip Mitsis

is A. S. Onassis Professor of Hellenic Culture and Civilization at New York University and Academic Director of the American Institute of Verdi Studies. He has published papers on Greek epic and tragedy, and on the history of ancient and early modern philosophy. His writings on Epicurus include The Pleasures of Invulnerability: Epicurus’ Ethical Theory (1988).

James Otteson

is joint Professor of Philosophy and Economics at Yeshiva University. He has written extensively on Adam Smith, on the Scottish Enlightenment, and on the nature and implications of liberalism that developed in Britain in the eighteenth century. His books include Adam Smith's Marketplace of Life (Cambridge University Press, 2002), Actual Ethics (Cambridge University Press, 2006), and The End of Socialism (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming).

Derk Pereboom

is Professor of Philosophy at Cornell University. He is the author of Living without Free Will (Cambridge University Press, 2001); Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism (Oxford University Press, 2011); co-author (together with Robert Kane, John Martin Fischer, and Manuel Vargas) of Four Views on Free Will (Wiley-Blackwell, 2007); and he has published articles in free will, philosophy of mind, history of modern philosophy, and philosophy of religion.

Terry Pinkard

is Professor of Philosophy at Georgetown University and Ehrenprofessor at Tübingen University (Germany). His publications include: Hegel's Phenomenology: The Sociality of Reason (1994), Hegel: An Intellectual Biography (2000), German Philosophy, 17601860: The Legacy of Idealism (2002), and Hegel's Naturalism (2012).

Andrews Reath

is Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Riverside. He has written widely on Kant's and Kantian moral philosophy. He is the author of Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory (Oxford University Press, 2006) and has co-edited (with Jens Timmermann) Kant's ‘Critique of Practical Reason’: A Critical Guide (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and (with Barbara Herman and Christine M. Korsgaard) Reclaiming the History of Ethics: Essays for John Rawls (Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Bart Schultz

is Senior Lecturer in Humanities (Philosophy) and Director of the Humanities Division's Civic Knowledge Project at the University of Chicago, where he has taught since 1987. His books include Essays on Henry Sidgwick (Cambridge University Press, 1992), Henry Sidgwick: Eye of the Universe (Cambridge University Press, 2004, Winner of the American Philosophical Society's Jacques Barzun Prize in Cultural History), and, with Georgios Varouxakis, Utilitarianism and Empire (Lexington Books, 2005). With Placido Bucolo and Roger Crisp, he is part of the scientific committee that has produced the University of Catania World Congresses on Henry Sidgwick, and (p. xv) he has also published numerous essays and reviews, including ‘Obama's Political Philosophy: Pragmatism, Politics, and the University of Chicago’, Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2) 2009.

Robert Shaver

is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Manitoba. He is the author of Rational Egoism (Cambridge University Press, 1999) and, more recently, papers on utilitarianism, Sidgwick, Moore, Ross, Scanlon, Korsgaard, ethical non-naturalism, and experimental philosophy.

Nancy Sherman

is a distinguished University Professor and Professor of Philosophy at Georgetown University. She is a faculty affiliate of Georgetown's Kennedy Institute and also teaches at Georgetown University Law Center. In 1997–1999, she served as the inaugural holder of the Distinguished Chair in Ethics at the United States Naval Academy. During 1982–1989 she taught at Yale University. She is the author of The Untold War: Inside the Hearts, Minds, and Souls of our Soldiers (W.W. Norton 2010); Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy Behind the Military Mind (Oxford University Press, 2005); Making A Necessity of Virtue: Aristotle and Kant on Virtue (Cambridge University Press, 1997); The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue (Oxford University Press, 1989). She is also the editor of Critical Essays on the Classics: Aristotle's Ethics (Rowman and Littlefield, 1999).

Daniel Star

is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Boston University. His research interests lie in ethics and epistemology. He is working on book projects, and has published papers in Analysis, Boston University Law Review, Ethics, Hypatia, Journal of Moral Philosophy, Jurisprudence, Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Oxford Studies in Metaethics, and Ratio.

Philip Stratton-Lake

is Professor of Philosophy at Reading University. He is the author of Kant, Duty, and Moral Worth (Routledge, 2000), and editor of Ethical Intuitionism: Re-evaluations (Clarendon, 2002), the new edition of W. D. Ross’ The Right and the Good (Clarendon, 2002), and On What We Owe to each Other (Blackwell, 2004).

John Tasioulas

is Quain Professor of Jurisprudence at University College London. He works in moral, legal, and political philosophy and in recent years his research has focused on human rights, punishment, and the philosophy of international law. He is the co-editor of The Philosophy of International Law (Oxford University Press, 2010).

Henry R. West

is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at Macalester College, USA. His recent work on J. S. Mill includes An Introduction to Mill's Utilitarian Ethics (Cambridge University Press, 2004), the editing of The Blackwell Guide to Mill's Utilitarianism (Wiley-Blackwell, 2006), and Mill's Utilitarianism: A Reader's Guide (Continuum, 2007). He is also author of encyclopedia articles on Mill and on Utilitarianism.

(p. xvi) Nicholas White

has taught at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor (1968–1995), the University of California at Irvine (2000–2006), and the University of Utah (1995–2000, 2006–2012). He has published on Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics, and on topics in contemporary philosophy.

Thomas Williams

is Professor of Catholic Studies and Professor of Philosophy at the University of South Florida. He is the editor of The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus, co-editor of Philosophy in the Middle Ages, 3rd edn., and co-author of Anselm (Great Medieval Thinkers). His work focuses on ethics, moral psychology, and philosophical theology from Augustine through Ockham.