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date: 27 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Mediterranean region represented a significant zone for the transmission of the Neolithic and its farming economy. This essay reviews the different mechanisms and geographic constraints that influenced the movement of farming and cultural trends, and assesses the current interpretative models as well as traditional approaches in the context of recent archaeological discoveries and publication. Neolithic evidence across southern Europe, from the Near East, Aegean, north Africa and to Iberia and France, is described in the different regions and set against the current chronology. Key issues include the parallel development of settled farmers alongside mobile hunter-gatherers and their gradual assimilation into food producing societies, and the longevity of the typical Mediterranean economy.

Keywords: Mediterranean, Neolithic, colonization, islands, Anatolia, population, Wave of Advance model, farming, origins, domestication, pottery

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