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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This essay examines the movement of domestic plants and animals in north-western Europe from the beginning of the Neolithic and their significance to the emergence and nature of early farming in the region. It first looks at various scenarios for the introduction of domestic animals, particularly pigs, and domestic plants, such as cereals, in Europe. It considers pig domestication and the development of pig husbandry on the continent, as well as the possible role of European Mesolithic societies through their adoption of agro-pastoral techniques. It also describes the diffusion process for cultigens in the Near East and Europe, focusing on the arrival of the Linearbandkeramik in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the Paris Basin from central Europe as well as the appearance of domestic plants and animals in England and Ireland. Finally, it explains how domesticates and cultigens colonized new territories.

Keywords: Domesticates, cultigens, commensals, weeds, farming techniques, Neolithic, north-west Europe

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