Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Neolithic emerged progressively in the Near East; migrants introduced the first cultivated plants and partially domesticated animals to Cyprus in the ninth millennium BC. Expansion to south-eastern Europe by a series of terrestrial (via Anatolia) or maritime contacts commenced from 7000 BC. While a colonization process established the Neolithic in Thessaly from 6500 BC, possible interactions between local hunter-gatherers and migrant farmers are attested in the southern Aegean. The spread into the central and western Mediterranean started about 6000 BC: first by maritime colonization and subsequent diffusion to the hinterland. In south-east Italy, Impressed Ware groups show substantial agricultural establishment with numerous permanent settlements. Further west, increased mobility can be observed. Large village communities in the western Mediterranean areas did not occur before the fifth millennium BC. A global model of ‘arrhythmic’ diffusion adapted to the chronological and cultural breaks emphasizing this expansion throughout the European continent is developed.

Keywords: Mediterranean, Mesolithic, Pre-Pottery Neolithic, Khirokitian, Castelnovian, arrhythmic model, Impressa, Cardial, Epicardial

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.