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date: 06 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews evidence for the nature and magnitude of environmental change in Europe during the Neolithic incorporating evidence of climate change from mires, lakes, and caves as well as event chronology including the use of tephras. Subsequently the chapter reviews spatial approaches to vegetation change and interactions between environmental change and lake, valley, and coastal settlement histories. Finally the chapter introduces two novel aspects of Neolithic environmental change; empty and symbolic spaces including high altitude environments and skyscapes, before discussing how we might start linking environmental change, cultural transformations and cognition.

Keywords: Climate change, events, early agriculture, resilience

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