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date: 28 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The causewayed enclosures of the second half of the fifth millennium BC and the fourth millennium BC are characterized by a system of ditches, one or more palisades, and occasionally, banks. Their ditches and palisade trenches were frequently re-cut and produce materials which for the most part were specially selected, including human skeletons or body parts, animals, pottery, axes, other debris, and signs of fires. These deposits had often been transformed by skeletonization, weathering, breakage and/or fire. In some areas there was a clear association between activities at the causewayed enclosures and those at megalithic tombs.

Keywords: Causewayed enclosures, ditches, palisade, re-cutting, transformation, megalithic

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