Abstract and Keywords
The introduction of ceramic technology and pottery distributions in Eurasia show a widespread appearance of different pottery-making techniques and ornamental principles in different cultural and chronological contexts. Archaeogenetic data suggest that the processes of peopling Europe in prehistory were far more complex and variable than first thought. Analyses of palimpsests of Y-chromosomal paternal and mitochondrial maternal lineages in modern populations and ancient DNA and palaeodemographic reconstructions show a complex picture of varied population trajectories elsewhere in Europe. Archaeological and biochemical data suggest that dairying and fermented milk consumption in Neolithic Europe emerged before the genetic adaptation to milk culture; there is no evidence for lactose tolerance or wholescale demic diffusion from the Near East into south-east Europe during the Neolithic. The evidence suggests a high degree of population dynamics and cultural interaction within south-east Europe and between Europe and the Near East during the Mesolithic, Neolithic, and later periods.
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