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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

It is not until the Neolithic that we find the first extensive mining evidence, this activity peaking in the fourth millennium BC. Techniques were relatively similar and the extractive process left few remains other than incredible amounts of processed stone and a radically altered landscape. As a result, the time span of mining events and the size of mobilized workforces are difficult to determine, with any possible evidence for the social, economic, and ideological context of each individual mining action frequently lying beyond the comparatively large-scale flint mines themselves. The nature of mining and the way it shaped society shifted through time and space, with the functions and uses of their products also changing its meaning in social life. Regional histories are critical to assessing shifts in the possible purposes of production, the use and transformation of values attached to mined objects, the social and ideological driving forces behind mining actions, and the transformation of identities through the deployment of labour.

Keywords: Flint, mining techniques, labour, values, social life, identities, regional histories

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