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date: 24 May 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This paper is concerned with the way in which the rhythmic temporality of the seasonal course was woven into the way European Neolithic people lived, experienced, and transformed their worlds. It focuses on Neolithic gardens as chronotopes, places where the seasonal temporality of the agrarian year is woven into the material fabric of the garden, making it clearly visible and palapable. Chronotope mediates the transfer of meanings and creates temporal relationships between routine seasonal practices of attending the gardens, and the life-courses of people and objects. But this rhythm of seasonal tasks has a breaking point—carnival, which implies a change from stability to new possibilities. It is a time when substances acquire new forms and where carnivalesque forces of laughter and parody provide the potential for renewal, new growth, and change.

Keywords: Neolithic, temporality, seasonality, garden, chronotope, carnival

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