Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This paper integrates multiple strands of evidence for Neolithic subsistence economies in central and eastern Europe, with a focus on Hungary, Poland, Switzerland, Ukraine and the Baltic region. The relatively sudden dominance of domestic animals and plants of the ‘Neolithic package’ in south-eastern and central European farming cultures such as Starčevo/Körös/Criş beginning c. 7000 BC is followed by occasional reversions to the exploitation of local wild resources during the subsequent Linearbandkeramik (LBK) and Lengyel cultures. In contrast, in Ukraine, there is continuity in subsistence strategies across the Mesolithic to Neolithic periods, with the exception of the Tripolye culture which has links to Neolithic developments in central Europe. Throughout the Ukraine wild resources are exploited, including freshwater fish and molluscs, and domesticated resources are integrated to varying degrees into subsistence strategies. The situation is very similar in the Baltic, where domestic resources only become more visible during the middle Neolithic, and dominant in the Bronze Age. Overall, the proportions of wild versus domesticated species in Neolithic assemblages vary in space and time in relation to numerous factors, including cultural, socio-economic, and ritual causes.

Keywords: Central and eastern Europe, Baltic region, subsistence, Neolithic, wild and domesticated resources

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.