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date: 28 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Neolithic period in the Iberian Peninsula is characterized, among other features, by the emergence of a variety of rock art traditions and styles, with different distributions, techniques and contexts. There is one basic geographic difference: while rock art in the Mediterranean area (Levantine, Schematic) is painted in open-air shelters, in the Atlantic the typical occurrence is in carved outcrops (Galician-Atlantic). However, in the Atlantic area some motifs also appear in association with megalithic monuments (Megalithic art). This rich panorama is complicated by the fact that, to a certain extent, there is an overlap between some of the designs that characterize these otherwise separate traditions. This article will examine the similarities and differences between these traditions, attending to their stylistic content and their topographic location, as well as to the archaeological context in which each one of them was developed and used.

Keywords: Rock art, Iberia, Levantine art, Galician-Atlantic art, Schematic art, Megalithic art, landscape, tombs, caves, rock shelters

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