Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the history of Nordic modernism. It suggests that the term modern became a keyword in the self-understanding of Nordic literature in the 1870s, after Danish critic Georg Brandes launched the Modern Breakthrough, a movement which would make Scandinavian literature interact more closely than ever and lead it to hitherto unknown international visibility. The article describes the works of Henrik Ibsen, Dan Jacobsen, and Knut Hamsun, which responded to ever-new dissonant signals from international modernism and the avant-garde.
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