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date: 17 September 2019

(p. xix) About the Authors

(p. xix) About the Authors

Vilmos Ágel

is Chair of German Synchronic Linguistics at Kassel University. He received his doctorate (1988) and professorial degree (1997) from the ELTE Budapest. The bursaries he received include the following: 1987–8, from the German Academic Exchange Service, 1991–3 and 1998, Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung, and 2000–4, Szécheny research bursary for professors. In 2003, he won the Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel research prize of the Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung. Since 2004 he has been co-editor of the Zeitschrifl für Germanistische Linguistik. His main research interests are valency theory, dependency grammar, the link between contemporary grammar and the history of language, the grammar of New High German (1650–2000), and the relationship between orality/literacy and grammatical structure.

Ash Asudeh

teaches linguistics and cognitive science at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 2004. His primary research interests are syntax, semantics, the intersection of logic and linguistics, and grammatical architecture.

Collin Baker

received a Ph.D. in Linguistics from University of California at Berkeley in 1999, and since 2000 has been manager of the FrameNet Project at the International Computer Science Institute. Recent publications include The Structure of the FrameNet Database (2003) (with Charles Fillmore and Beau Cronin) and FrameNet and Representing the Link between Semantic and Syntactic Relations (2004) (with Fillmore and Josef Ruppenhofer), along with a number of conference papers and tutorials at Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC), Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), and Linguistic Society of America (LSA). His current research focuses on efficiently extending the FrameNet lexicon and on annotating large corpora with semantic frames.

Mark Baker

is a professor in the Department of Linguistics and the Center for Cognitive Science at Rutgers University. He received his Ph.D. in linguistics from MIT in 1985, and has also taught at McGill University. He is the author of numerous technical articles and four research monographs: Incorporation (1988), The Polysynthesis Parameter (1996), The Lexical Categories (2003), and The Syntax of Agreement and Concord (2008). He has also written one book for a more general audience, The Atoms of Language (2001). His primary research interest is the syntax and (p. xx) morphology of less-studied languages, especially Native American languages and African languages.

Clay Beckner

is a Ph.D. candidate in Linguistics at the University of New Mexico. In his research, he studies usage-based language change with a variety of methodologies, including corpus-based statistical methods, psycholinguistics, and computational modeling. He is working on a dissertation that addresses the formation of multi-word units in language, incorporating experimental data and exemplar models of usage and change.

Douglas Biber

is Regents' Professor of English (Applied Linguistics) at Northern Arizona University. His research efforts have focused on corpus linguistics, English grammar, and register variation (in English and cross-linguistic; synchronic and diachronic). His publications include books on register variation and corpus linguistics published by Cambridge University Press (1988, 1995, 1998, to appear), the co-authored Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English (1999), and more recent studies of language use in university settings and discourse structure investigated from a corpus perspective (both published by Benjamins: 2006 and 2007).

Rens Bod

obtained his Ph.D. in Computational linguistics at the University of Amsterdam. He currently holds a chair in Artificial Intelligence and is affiliated with the University of St Andrews and at the University of Amsterdam. His main interests are in computational models of language acquisition and statistical natural language processing, but he has also worked in computational musicology, reasoning, and in the history of science and humanities. Rens published over 90 scholarly articles and is the author of Beyond Grammar: An Experience-Based Theory of Language (Stanford University, 1998). He also co-edited a number of handbooks, including Probabilistic Linguistics (MIT Press, 2003) and Data-Oriented Parsing (CSLI Publications/Chicago, 2003).

Cedric Boeckx

is Research Professor at the ICREA (Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats) and a member of the CLT (Centre de Lingüística Teòrica) at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. He received his Ph.D. in linguistics in 2001 from the University of Connecticut, Storrs. He has held visiting positions at the Universities of Illinois and Maryland, and was a fellow of Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) at Leiden University. His research interests are in theoretical syntax, comparative grammar, and architectural questions of language, including its origins and its development in children and its neurobiological basis. He is the author of, among others, Islands and Chains (Benjamins 2003), Linguistic Minimalism (Oxford University Press, 2006), Understanding Minimalist Syntax (Blackwell, 2008), and Bare Syntax (Oxford University Press, 2008). He has published numerous articles in journals such as Linguistic Inquiry and Natural Language and Linguistic Theory.

(p. xxi) Geert Booij

was born in 1947 in Hoogeveen, The Netherlands. In 1971, he received an M.A. (cum laude) in Dutch linguistics, with minors in general linguistics and philosophy from the University of Groningen. From 1971 until 1981 he was an assistant/associate professor in the Department of Dutch of the University of Amsterdam, where he obtained his Ph.D. degree in 1977 with the dissertation Dutch Morphology. A Study of Word Formation in Generative Grammar (Foris Publications, Dordrecht). From 1981 until 2005, Geert Booij was a full professor of General Linguistics at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. As of September 2005, he is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Leiden. Geert Booij is, with Jaap van Marie, the founder and editor of the book series Yearbook of Morphology which is now, as of 2006, the journal Morphology. He is the author of The Phonology of Dutch (1995), The Morphology of Dutch (2002), and of The Grammar of Words (2005), all published by Oxford University Press, and of a number of linguistic articles in a wide range of Dutch and international journals.

John Bryant

is a researcher at the International Computer Science Institute. He received his Ph.D. in computer science at the University of California at Berkeley in 2008. His research investigates precise, cognitively motivated implementations of language interpretation using constructions.

Joan L. Bybee

(Ph.D. linguistics, University of California at Los Angeles, 1973) was on the faculty at the State University of New York at Buffalo from 1973 until 1989 and is now Distinguished Professor Emerita of the Department of Linguistics at the University of New Mexico. Bybee's research interests include theoretical issues in phonology and morphology, language universals and linguistic change. Her books include Morphology (1985), The Evolution of Grammar (1994) (with Revere Perkins and William Pagliuca), Phonology and Language Use (2001) and Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language (2006). In 2004 she served as the President of the Linguistic Society of America.

Alice Caffarel

is Senior Lecturer in the School of Languages and Cultures at the University of Sydney, where she teaches French, French linguistics and stylistics. She is the author of a Systemic Functional Grammar of French and the co-editor of a volume on language typology from a systemic functional perspective.

Guglielmo Cinque

is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Venice, co-editor of The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Syntax (Oxford University Press, 2005) (with Richard Kayne), and author of various volumes on syntax, including Adverbs and Functional Heads (Oxford University Press, 1999) and Restructuring and Functional Heads (Oxford University Press, 2006). With Luigi Rizzi he has promoted the subseries of volumes on The Cartography of Syntactic Structures of the Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax series edited by R. Kayne.

Peter Culicover

received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from MIT in 1971. He is currently Humanities Distinguished Professor in Linguistics at the Ohio State University. He (p. xxii) was Chair of the Department of Linguistics for eight years and was the founding Director of the Center for Cognitive Science at OSU and served in that capacity for thirteen years. He has published twelve books and over sixty articles and chapters. In 2006, he was awarded the Humboldt Research Award by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and is a recent winner of the Distinguished Scholar Award of the Ohio State University.

Henriëtte de Swart

obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Groningen in 1991. She has been full Professor of French Linguistics and Semantics at Utrecht University since 1997. The main emphasis of her work is on cross-linguistic semantics. Her collaboration with Donka Farkas led to a book on noun incorporation, and several articles on genericity, plurality, and indefiniteness. In recent years, she has explored Optimality Theory to develop typologies of negation and article use. With Joost Zwarts, she is currently involved in a research project on “weakly referential noun phrases”.

Ellen K. Dodge

is a Ph.D. candidate in Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. Her main area of research is in cognitive linguistics, and includes work on image schemas, meaning representation, construction grammar, and compositionality.

Jerome A. Feldman

is a Professor of Computer Science and Cognitive Science at the University of California and a research scientist at the International Computer Science Institute in Berkeley. He received the Ph.D. from Carnegie-Mellon in 1964 and previously taught at Stanford and Rochester.

Charles F. Fillmore

is Emeritus Professor at the University of California at Berkeley. His early work included contributions to generative grammar (cyclic rule application), the grammar and semantics of English verbs, case grammar, deixis, frame semantics, and construction grammar. After retirement he has been associated with FrameNet, a computational lexicography project at the International Computer Science Institute, supported mainly by the US National Science Foundation. He served as President of the Linguistic Society of America in 1991.

Klaus Fischer

started his academic career in Britain as DAAD-Lektor (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst) at the University of Wales, Lampeter (1985–88), after having studied German and Philosophy in Munich and Bonn. He has worked at London Metropolitan University or one of its predecessor institutions (City of London Polytechnic, London Guildhall University) since 1989, first as Lecturer in German, heading the German section since 1999, and from 2002 as Reader in German. In 1995, he was awarded a Ph.D. at the University of Wales. His main research interests are the foundation and application of valency theory, the comparison of English and German verb complementation, and more generally the typology of English and German.

(p. xxiii) T. Givón

is Professor Emeritus of Linguistics and Cognitive Science and co-founder of the Institute of Cognitive and Decision Sciences at the University of Oregon. From 1969 to 1981 he taught at the University of California at Los Angeles, and from 1981 to 2004 at the University of Oregon. His many books include On Understanding Grammar (Academic Press, 1979); Ute Dictionary (Ute Press, 1979), Ute Reference Grammar (Ute Press, 1980), Ute Traditional Narratives (Ute Press, 1985), Syntax: A Functional-Typological Introduction (Benjamins, 1984, 1990), Mind, Code and Context (Erlbaum, 1989), English Grammar (Benjamins, 1993), Functionalism and Grammar (Benjamins, 1995), and Syntax: An Introduction (Benjamins, 2001). His most recent books are BioLinguistics: The Santa Barbara Lectures (Benjamins, 2002) and Context as Other Minds: The Pragmatics of Sociality, Cognition and Communication (Benjamins, 2005).

Cliff Goddard's

research interests lie at the intersection of language, meaning and culture. He is one of the leading proponents of the NSM (Natural Semantic Metalanguage) approach to linguistic description and a close collaborator with the originator of the approach, Anna Wierzbicka. He has published extensively on topics in semantic theory, cross-linguistic semantics, cross-cultural pragmatics, and on language description, especially in relation to English, Malay, and Yankunytjatjara (Central Australia). Recently he edited the collective volumes Ethnopragmatics: Understanding Discourse in Cultural Context (Mouton de Gruyter, 2006) and Cross-Linguistic Semantics (Benjamins, 2008). With Anna Wierzbicka, he is co-editor of the two-volume collection Meaning and Universal Grammar—Theory and Empirical Findings (Benjamins, 2002). Goddard has published two textbooks: Semantic Analysis (OUP, 1998) and The Languages of East and Southeast Asia (OUP, 2005). He is a full Professor of Linguistics at the University of New England, Australia, and a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Humanities.

Maria Gouskova

is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics at New York University. She works in phonology and its interfaces with phonetics and morphology in the framework of Optimality Theory. She is interested in the relation of phonological constraints to each other and to linguistic primitives. She has published in the journals Linguistic Inquiry and Phonology on a variety of topics in phonological theory ranging from the role of sonority in syllable structure to templates in reduplication.

Martin Haspelmath

is a senior staff member at the Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie in Leipzig. He received degrees at the Universität zu Köln, University at Buffalo, and the Freie Universität Berlin. He taught at the Freie Universitat (FU) Berlin, the Universitat Bamberg, the Università di Pavia, the Universität Leipzig, and at summer schools in Albuquerque, Mainz, Düsseldorf, Cagliari, Berkeley, and at MIT. His research interests are primarily in the area of broadly comparative and diachronic morphosyntax (Indefinite Pronouns, 1997; From Space (p. xxiv) to Time, 1997; Understanding Morphology, 2002). He is one of the editors of Oxford University Press's World Atlas of Language Structures (2005).

Bernd Heine

is Emeritus Professor at the Institute of African Studies (Institut für Afrikanistik), University of Cologne. His 33 books include Possession: Cognitive Sources, Forces, and Grammaticalization (Cambridge University Press, 1997); Auxiliaries: Cognitive Forces and Grammaticalization (Oxford University Press, 1993); Cognitive Foundations of Grammar (Oxford University Press, 1997); with Derek Nurse, African Languages: An Introduction (Cambridge University Press, 2000); A Linguistic Geography of Africa (Cambridge University Press, 2008); with Tania Kuteva, World Lexicon of Grammaticalization (Cambridge University Press, 2002); Language Contact and Grammatical Change (Cambridge University Press, 2005); The Changing Languages of Europe (Oxford University Press, 2006).

Kees Hengeveld

is Professor of Theoretical Linguistics at the University of Amsterdam. Before that, he taught Spanish Linguistics at that same university. His research focuses on Functional Discourse Grammar and linguistic typology, and often on the combination of the two. With Lachlan Mackenzie he published Functional Discourse Grammar (Oxford University Press, 2008), a full account of the model presented in outline form in the present book. Before that, he posthumously edited Simon C. Dik's two-volume The Theory of Functional Grammar (Mouton de Gruyter, 1997), and published Non-Verbal Predication: Theory, Typology, Diachrony (Mouton de Gruyter, 1992), as well as numerous articles and edited volumes.

Yan Huang

is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Auckland. He has previously taught linguistics at the University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, and University of Reading, where he was Professor of Theoretical Linguistics. His main research interests are in pragmatics, semantics and syntax, especially the pragmatics–semantics interface and the pragmatics–syntax interface. His published work includes The Syntax and Pragmatics of Anaphora (Cambridge University Press, 1994, re-issued 2007), Anaphora: A Cross-Linguistic Study (Oxford University Press, 2000), and Pragmatics (Oxford University Press, 2007). He has also published a number of articles and reviews in leading international journals of linguistics.

Richard (“Dick”) Hudson

was born in 1939 and educated at Loughborough Grammar School, Corpus Christi College Cambridge and the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London. Since his 1964 SOAS Ph.D., which dealt with the grammar of the Cushitic language Beja, he spent all his salaried research life working on English at University College London, with occasional forays into other languages. Another strand of his linguistics, due to early contacts with Michael Halliday, was (and is) an attempt to improve the bridge between academic linguistics and school-level language education. He was elected Fellow of the British Academy in 1993 and retired from UCL in 2004.

(p. xxv) Ray Jackendoff

is Seth Merrin Professor of Philosophy and Co-Director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University. He is also Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at Brandeis University and a member of the External Faculty of the Santa Fe Institute. He is past President of the Linguistic Society of America and the 2003 recipient of the Jean Nicod Prize in cognitive philosophy. His most recent books are Foundations of Language, Simpler Syntax (2005) (with Peter Culicover), and Language, Consciousness, Culture (2007).

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

is Reader in Linguistics and Philosophy of Language at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Newnham College, Cambridge. She obtained her D.Phil, from the University of Oxford (1992) for a thesis on the semantics of propositional attitude reports. She has published widely on the topics of semantic ambiguity and underdetermination, definite descriptions, belief reports, and the semantics of time, principally developing and applying the theory of Default Semantics to various types of constructions. Her books include Default Semantics (Oxford University Press, 2005), Semantics and Pragmatics: Meaning in Language and Discourse (Longman, 2002), Discourse, Beliefs and Intentions (Elsevier Science, 1999) and Representing Time: An Essay on Temporality as Modality (forthcoming from Oxford University Press in 2008). She is also member of various editorial boards including Journal of Pragmatics and Studies of Pragmatics, a committee member of the Linguistics Association of Great Britain, and in from 1996 to 2008 was managing editor of a book series Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface (CRiSPI) (Elsevier Science).

Ronald W. Langacker

is Professor Emeritus and Research Professor at the University of California, San Diego. Early in his career, major areas of research included generative syntax and the comparative-historical grammar of the Uto-Aztecan family of Native American languages. Over the last three decades, his main concern has been to develop and progressively articulate the theory of Cognitive Grammar, a radical alternative to generative theory. He has published numerous books and articles dealing with a broad array of issues in cognitive linguistics.

J. Lachlan Mackenzie

is Honorary Professor of Functional Linguistics at the Free University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and works at Instituto de Linguística Teórica e Computacional (Lisbon, Portugal) as a Consultant in Languages and Linguistics. His professional interests are mainly in the analysis of Western European languages from the perspective of Functional Discourse Grammar (FDG). Among recent books co-edited in this area are A New Architecture for Functional Grammar (Mouton de Gruyter, 2004), Crucial Readings in Functional Grammar (Mouton de Gruyter, 2005), and Studies in Functional Discourse Grammar (Lang, 2005). He is co-author, with Kees Hengeveld, of Functional Discourse Grammar (Oxford University Press, 2008).

(p. xxvi) Laura A. Michaelis

is an Associate Professor of Linguistics and a faculty fellow in the Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Colorado at Boulder. She is the author of Aspectual Grammar and Past-Time Reference (1998) and Beyond Alternations: A Constructional Model of the German Applicative Pattern (2001) (with Josef Ruppenhofer). She is the co-editor, with Elaine Francis, of Mismatch: Form-Function Incongruity and the Architecture of Grammar (2003). She is currently collaborating on a Construction Grammar monograph with Charles Fillmore, Paul Kay, and Ivan Sag. Her work has appeared in the journals Language, Journal of Semantics, Journal of Pragmatics, Cognitive Linguistics, Journal of Linguistics, Linguistics and Philosophy, and Studies in Language.

Glyn Morrill

has held research positions at the Centre for Cognitive Science, University of Edinburgh, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Universiteit Utrecht and Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (CWI) Amsterdam, and Departament de Llenguatges i Sistemes Informàtics, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Since 1993 he has been a lecturer in Computer Science at this latter. In 1995, he co-founded with Dick Oehrle the annual Formal Grammar conference. He researches on logic in grammar and processing, focusing on type logical categorial grammar. He is author of Type Logical Grammar: Categorial Logic of Signs (Kluwer, 1994) and Ldgica de primer ordre (Edicions Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, 2001).

Heiko Narrog

is Associate Professor at the Graduate School of International Cultural Studies of Tohoku University. He holds two Ph.D.s in linguistics, in Germany and Japan, and his publications include Japanische Verhflexive und flektierbare Suffixe (Harrassowitz, 1999) as well as numerous articles in linguistic typology, semantics and language change, and Japanese linguistics. He is currently involved in a typological project on semantic maps and is preparing the publication of a book on modality and the hierarchy of functional categories.

William OʼGrady

is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. His recent work, exemplified by his 2005 book, Syntactic Carpentry (Erlbaum), adopts an emergentist perspective on syntax, arguing that an efficiency-driven processor can explain why language has the particular properties that it does and how those properties are acquired with such apparent ease by children. He is also well known for his work on Korean, on which he has written extensively.

Eric Pederson

received his Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1991 with a dissertation on the polysemy of reflexive and causative morphology. He then worked with the Cognitive Anthropology Research Group at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen through 1997. His work has long focused on spatial language and cognition as well as the development of field methods relevant for linguistic relativity research. Since 1984, Pederson's field work has been mostly in rural South India. In Winter 1998, he joined the Linguistics (p. xxvii) Department of the University of Oregon, where he is currently an Associate Professor and the Department Head.

Luigi Rizzi

is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Siena. He has been on the faculty of several universities in Europe and the US, including MIT, the University of Geneva, the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Paris). His research focuses on syntactic theory and comparative syntax, with special reference to the theory of locality, the study of variation through parametric models, the cartography of syntactic structures, the acquisition of syntax.

Ida Toivonen

teaches linguistics and cognitive science at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. She received her Ph.D. from Stanford University in 2001. Her primary area of research is syntax, but she also works on phonetics, morphosyntax, lexical semantics, and language description. She is particularly interested in Swedish and Inari Saami.

Robert D. Van Valin, Jr.

received his Ph.D. in linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. His research is focused on theoretical linguistics, especially syntactic theory and theories of the acquisition of syntax and the role of syntactic theory in models of sentence processing. He is the co-author of Functional Syntax and Universal Grammar (Cambridge University Press, 1984), the editor of Advances in Role and Reference Grammar (Benjamins, 1993), the co-author of Syntax: Structure, Meaning and Function (Cambridge University Press, 1997), and the author of An Introduction to Syntax (Cambridge University Press, 2001). His most recent book is Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface (Cambridge University Press, 2005). He is the general editor of the Oxford Surveys in Syntax and Morphology series (Oxford University Press).

Phyllis Perrin Wilcox

is Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of New Mexico. She has presented on metaphor and metonymy in signed languages at national and international conferences. Dr. Wilcox was instrumental in establishing the baccalaureate degree in Signed Language Interpreting at UNM and coordinated the program for over fifteen years. She has served as chair of the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf's National Review Board and now serves on the New Mexico Interpreting Licensure Board. Dr. Wilcox is the author of Metaphor in American Sign Language (Gallaudet University Press, 2000) and numerous articles on metaphorical cognition.

Sherman Wilcox

is Professor of Linguistics, University of New Mexico. Dr. Wilcox's interests include understanding what signed languages can tell us about the origin of language, as well as the developmental process by which gesture becomes incorporated into the grammatical system of signed languages. Dr. Wilcox is the author of many articles on a wide range of topics focussing on the theoretical and applied study of signed languages. His books include Gesture and the Nature of Language (p. xxviii) (Cambridge University Press, 1995) (with David Armstrong and William Stokoe), Learning to See: Teaching American Sign Language as a Second Language (Gallaudet, 1997) (with Phyllis Perrin Wilcox), and The Gestural Origin of Language (Oxford University Press, 2007) (with David Armstrong).

Francisco Yus

teaches pragmatics at the University of Alicante, Spain. He has a Ph.D. in linguistics and has specialised in the application of pragmatics (especially relevance theory) to media discourses and conversational issues. He has applied pragmatics to alternative comics (Conversational Co-operation in Alternative Comics, 1995; El discurso femenino en el cómic alternativo inglés, 1998), proposed a verbal-visual model of communication in media discourses (La interpretación y la imagen de masas, 1997), and developed a pragmatic approach to Internet-mediated communication (Ciberpragmática, 2001). Latest research has to do with the application of relevance theory to misunderstandings and irony in conversation, as well as to the production and interpretation of humor.

Joost Zwarts

defended his Ph.D. thesis at Utrecht University in 1992. He is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics at Utrecht University and works in the area of semantics, with a special focus on the domains of spatial prepositions, article use, and lexical semantics. He has also done fieldwork in Kenya, and published a phonology of Endo, a Southern Nilotic language. He is now involved, with Henriëtte de Swart, in a research project on “weakly referential noun phrases”.