- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- List of Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Adaptive Approach to Grammar
- The Cartography of Syntactic Structures
- Categorial Grammar
- Cognitive Grammar
- Embodied Construction Grammar
- Sign-Based Construction Grammar
- Corpus-Based and Corpus-driven Analyses of Language Variation and Use
- Default Semantics
- Dependency Grammar and Valency Theory
- An Emergentist Approach to Syntax
- Formal Generative Typology
- A Frames Approach to Semantic Analysis
- Framework-Free Grammatical Theory
- Functional Discourse Grammar
- Grammaticalization and Linguistic Analysis
- Lexical-Functional Grammar
- The Natural Semantic Metalanguage Approach
- Linguistic Minimalism
- Morphological Analysis
- Optimality Theory in Phonology
- Optimization Principles in the Typology of Number and Articles
- The Parallel Architecture and its Place in Cognitive Science
- Neo-Gricean Pragmatic Theory of Conversational Implicature
- Probabilistic Linguistics
- Linguistic Relativity
- Relevance Theory
- Role and Reference Grammar as a Framework for Linguistic Analysis
- The analysis of signed languages
- Simpler Syntax
- Systemic systematic functional grammar and the study of Meaning
- Usage-Based Theory
- Word Grammar
- Language Index
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
Recent developments in neuroscience and behavioural sciences suggest approaching language as a cornerstone of Unified Cognitive Science. One such integrative effort is the Neural Theory of Language (NTL) project, which studies language learning and use as an embodied neural system using a wide range of analytical, experimental, and modelling techniques. The grammar formalism of NTL is called Embodied Construction Grammar (ECG), and is notation for describing language that is being used in a wide range of theoretical and applied products. This chapter focuses on three related features of ECG: deep semantics, compositionality, and best-fit. Its core is a detailed analysis of a set of related constructions covering purposeful action, with an emphasis on compositionality. Examples illustrate the notation and central ideas of ECG formalism, and convey the underlying motivations of NTL deep semantics and conceptual composition.
Jerome A. Feldman is a Professor of Computer Science and Cognitive Science at the University of California and a research scientist at the International Computer Science Institute in Berkeley. He received the Ph.D. from Carnegie-Mellon in 1964 and previously taught at Stanford and Rochester.
Ellen K. Dodge is a Ph.D. candidate in Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. Her main area of research is in cognitive linguistics, and includes work on image schemas, meaning representation, construction grammar, and compositionality.
John Bryant is a researcher at the International Computer Science Institute. He received his Ph.D. in computer science at the University of California at Berkeley in 2008. His research investigates precise, cognitively motivated implementations of language interpretation using constructions.
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