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date: 27 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article illuminates the practical necessity of a metaphysics of science in the first section by highlighting the scientific findings that are replete with ontological concepts and by providing a ‘minimal framework’ in the metaphysics of science to articulate these concepts. The second section examines how writers on ‘emergence’ in science-and-religion, as well as in other areas, have all been reacting to the challenge of ontological reductionism by offering competing accounts in the metaphysics of sciences. The third section shows that the reductionist's metaphysical argument is actually invalid, and that the third type of emergence is possible after all. The article also notes the resources that recent accounts of ‘emergence’ provide for theologically important topics such as the nature of persons or divine action.

Keywords: metaphysics, science, ontological reductionism, emergence, divine action

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