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date: 28 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

One familiar and contentious response to the growth of scientific knowledge insists that long-established ways of thinking about God and God's relation to the world can no longer be sustained if we take seriously emerging new understandings of the world. This article presents several ways of thinking about divine action available to contemporary theologians: God to act as creator in every event as its absolute ontological ground; God to act indirectly through the order of created causes (natural law); God to act indirectly through the actions of free agents; God to act to determine some or all of what is left underdetermined in the order of created causes (special action); and God to act within the world's history to bring about effects that modify or exceed the causal powers of creatures (interventionist).

Keywords: scientific knowledge, natural law, interventionist, God's special action, divine action

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