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date: 21 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A clear perspective on the reductionisms on both sides has been gained through a Theology and Science discourse that has made anthropological research reconsider the relation of God to human beings, revealing that this ‘relation’ is constituted not merely by God's sustenance of human creatures or by their feeling of ‘utter dependence’ on God. The divine creativity has to be differentiated into God's (1) sustaining, (2) rescuing and saving, and, finally, (3) elevating and ennobling work on creation. Naturalistic reductionisms tend to be found on the first level. Anthropologies shaped by social, political, and moral concerns easily come up with reductionisms located on the second level. Typically religious and spiritual perspectives are in danger of creating reductionisms on the third level.

Keywords: science, religion, theology, anthropological research, reductionism, divine creativity

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