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date: 27 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Beliefs in invisible beings capable of displaying their much-vaunted powers in the visible world and interacting with humans have been present among all the world's peoples, according to written records, folklore, and archaeological remains. In Western culture, during the medieval era, transcendent realities were set in a Ptolemaic world of hollow and transparent globes. In directing attention to the significance and nature of religious experience, this article recalls the vital link that was once in place between the human soul and religion, and comments on the significance of the contemporary study of mind – now known as cognitive science – for the study of religion, including religion's future in the academy.

Keywords: human soul, religion, religious experience, cognitive science, supernatural, Enlightenment

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