Abstract and Keywords
This article explores the roles that parties play in state and local nominations and the research on those roles, finding a relative dearth of scholarship despite the opportunities for important comparative work. It specifically analyzes how the selection process affects who runs for office. It also investigates political parties, asking how the selection process affects the distribution of power in the organization, its ideological coherence, and electoral success. It then postulates about the influence of selection processes on political campaigns, representation, and governing. It explains its impact on voter behaviour and how nomination practices influence elite behaviour in public office. The study of selection practices shows much about the winnowing of American political leadership through its political parties, interest groups, and elections.
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