Abstract and Keywords
This article addresses what to do know about party in the US Senate and the questions that still need to be addressed. It also mentions that treating the Senate separately from the House in discussing party effects is justified because of the unusual rules that govern Senate consideration of legislation. The Senate majority leader is now the acknowledged chief agenda setter for the Senate floor. Conditional party government (CPG) theory and cartel theory are the two most prominent party theories. They propose that control over the legislative agenda is fundamental to party influence. The emphasis on negative agenda control in the cartel model has unfortunately led to questions about positive agenda control being underemphasized. The importance of organizational control of the Senate is described. The multiple-goals assumption when taken seriously changes both the potential costs and potential benefits of party organization and party leadership to members.
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