- The Oxford Handbook of Chinese Psychology
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction Reaching this stage in studying the psychology of the Chinese people
- The continuing prospects for a Chinese psychology
- What is Chinese about Chinese psychology? Who are the Chinese in Chinese psychology?
- The cultured brain: interplay of genes, brain, and culture
- Socio-emotional development in Chinese children
- Parenting and child socialization in contemporary China
- Language and the brain: computational and neuroimaging evidence from Chinese
- Language and literacy development in Chinese children
- Understanding reading disability in the Chinese language: from basic research to intervention
- Chinese bilingualism
- Chinese children learning mathematics: from home to school
- The thinking styles of Chinese people
- Approaches to learning and teaching by the Chinese
- Chinese students' motivation and achievement
- How unique is Chinese emotion?
- Beliefs in Chinese culture
- The multiple frames of ‘Chinese’ values: from tradition to modernity and beyond
- What do we know about the Chinese self? Illustrations with self-esteem, self-efficacy, and self-enhancement
- From indigenous to cross-cultural personality: the case of the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory
- Psychology and aging in the land of the panda
- Chinese well-being
- The spirituality of the Chinese people: a critical review
- Psychiatric disorders in the Chinese
- Clinical neuropsychology in China
- The <i>Tao</i> (way) of Chinese coping
- Illness behaviors among the Chinese
- Community psychology in Chinese societies
- Psychotherapy with the Chinese: an update of the work in the last decade
- Face and morality in Confucian society
- Chinese cooperation and competition
- Interpersonal relationships in rapidly changing Chinese societies
- A gender perspective on Chinese social relationships and behavior
- Chinese cultural psychology and contemporary communication
- Chinese political psychology: political participation in Chinese societies
- Chinese social identity and inter-group relations: the influence of benevolent authority
- Developments in understanding Chinese leadership: paternalism and its elaborations, moderations, and alternatives
- Chinese consumer behavior: the effects of content, process, and language
- Sport psychology research and its application in China
- There are homes at the four corners of the seas: acculturation and adaptation of overseas Chinese
- Inter-cultural interactions: the Chinese context
- On the distinctiveness of Chinese psychology; or: Are we all Chinese?
- Moving the scientific study of Chinese psychology into our twenty-first century: some ways forward
Abstract and Keywords
The complexities of culture and its effects on cooperation and competition are revealed through more recent discoveries, which confront previous stereotypical perceptions of the Chinese. This article explains that many of these findings help enrich the understanding of whether and how Chinese cooperate or compete relative to Westerners. It provides findings on how various intra-individual and inter-individual variables underlie cultural differences in cooperative and competitive behaviours. This article first looks at intra-individual variables, such as beliefs and values, risk preferences, regulatory focus, and conflict-management styles, and explains how these variables impact on competition and cooperation in different cultural contexts. It then explores the inter-individual variables related to cooperative conflicts, conversational style, power, fairness, interactional justice, and trust, and assesses how these factors affect the two concepts from one nation to another. It also discusses multiple views on competition.
Hildie Leung, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Wing-Tung Au, Department of Psychology The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
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