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date: 26 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The two-pronged objectives of this article are firstly to engage Chinese psychology researchers in a critical examination of the assumptions about Chineseness in their enquiry, and secondly to suggest an expansion of the research agenda for Chinese psychology to include the psychology of Chinese identity. Chinese psychology has different meanings depending on how it is translated into Chinese. This article reviews several possible referential meanings of the term Chinese psychology, and discusses how identity politics plays a role in the debates over the term's referential meaning and influences the choice of the criteria that are used to evaluate the validity of knowledge about Chinese psychology. The goal of this article is to invite Chinese psychology scholars to reflect on the political matrix that underlies identity politics in the discipline, on the political forces that shape their definitions of Chineseness in their enquiry, and on the intellectual consequences of their identity choices.

Keywords: Chineseness, globalization, identity politics, Western psychology, cosmopolitan psychology

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