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date: 04 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article gives a descriptive as well as a critical picture of studies examining the spirituality of Chinese people. It systematically examines several issues in discussing various aspects of spirituality. It describes methods of assessing spirituality in Chinese people and outlines profiles about spirituality and their related socio-demographic correlates. Furthermore, it discusses the conceptual, methodological, and practical limitations of the existing studies pertinent to spirituality of Chinese people. Besides, this article assesses the meaning of life and the purpose in the lives of Chinese people using two main approaches. The first approach is to assess meaning of life by items or questions included in questionnaires. The second approach is to use psychological scales to assess the construct of meaning of life or purpose in life. The most commonly used measure is the Chinese version of the Purpose in Life Questionnaire, which assesses levels of purpose in life.

Keywords: Chinese spirituality, Purpose in Life Questionnaire, socio-demographic correlates, family process, meaning of life

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