- The Oxford Handbook of Chinese Psychology
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction Reaching this stage in studying the psychology of the Chinese people
- The continuing prospects for a Chinese psychology
- What is Chinese about Chinese psychology? Who are the Chinese in Chinese psychology?
- The cultured brain: interplay of genes, brain, and culture
- Socio-emotional development in Chinese children
- Parenting and child socialization in contemporary China
- Language and the brain: computational and neuroimaging evidence from Chinese
- Language and literacy development in Chinese children
- Understanding reading disability in the Chinese language: from basic research to intervention
- Chinese bilingualism
- Chinese children learning mathematics: from home to school
- The thinking styles of Chinese people
- Approaches to learning and teaching by the Chinese
- Chinese students' motivation and achievement
- How unique is Chinese emotion?
- Beliefs in Chinese culture
- The multiple frames of ‘Chinese’ values: from tradition to modernity and beyond
- What do we know about the Chinese self? Illustrations with self-esteem, self-efficacy, and self-enhancement
- From indigenous to cross-cultural personality: the case of the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory
- Psychology and aging in the land of the panda
- Chinese well-being
- The spirituality of the Chinese people: a critical review
- Psychiatric disorders in the Chinese
- Clinical neuropsychology in China
- The <i>Tao</i> (way) of Chinese coping
- Illness behaviors among the Chinese
- Community psychology in Chinese societies
- Psychotherapy with the Chinese: an update of the work in the last decade
- Face and morality in Confucian society
- Chinese cooperation and competition
- Interpersonal relationships in rapidly changing Chinese societies
- A gender perspective on Chinese social relationships and behavior
- Chinese cultural psychology and contemporary communication
- Chinese political psychology: political participation in Chinese societies
- Chinese social identity and inter-group relations: the influence of benevolent authority
- Developments in understanding Chinese leadership: paternalism and its elaborations, moderations, and alternatives
- Chinese consumer behavior: the effects of content, process, and language
- Sport psychology research and its application in China
- There are homes at the four corners of the seas: acculturation and adaptation of overseas Chinese
- Inter-cultural interactions: the Chinese context
- On the distinctiveness of Chinese psychology; or: Are we all Chinese?
- Moving the scientific study of Chinese psychology into our twenty-first century: some ways forward
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the many important differences in the thinking styles between Chinese and European North Americans (Americans and Canadians of European descent), as Chinese thought processes have always been difficult to comprehend. That is why Westerners have expressed serious curiosity about and appreciation of the philosophical endeavours of the Chinese and the cognitive strategies they use for everyday functioning. The term ‘thinking styles’ represents the ontological frameworks that people use intuitively to make sense of their social world. It describes how Chinese favor a more holistic framework in processing information, whereas European North Americans rely on a more analytical framework that emphasizes the use of formal logic and one-to-one relationships. It further elaborates the concept of zhong yong, or the doctrine of the mean, a concept central to understanding Chinese thinking, which encapsulates the virtues of pursuing the middle ground.
Li-Jun Ji, Department of Psychology, Queen's University.
Albert Lee, Department of Psychology, Queen's University Canada
Tieyuan Guo, Department of Psychology, Queen's University.
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