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date: 22 September 2019

(p. xii) The Contributors

(p. xii) The Contributors

Michael Arbib is a University Professor at the University of Southern California, and is known for his contributions to the mathematical study of systems and computa-tion, to computational and cognitive neuroscience, and—most recently—to the Mir-ror System Hypothesis for the evolution of the language-ready brain. His 38 books range from Brains, Machines and Mathematics (1964) to How the Brain Got Language (OUP, 2012).

Sharon Lee Armstrong is Associate Professor of Psychology at La Salle University. She is also Associate Faculty Member at Rutgers University Center for Cognitive Science, Adjunct Scientist at Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, and Research Associate at the Selective Mutism Research Institute. Her specializations within Cognitive Science are psycholinguistics, reasoning, and metacognition, with some applications to special populations.

Giosuè Baggio is a Post-doctoral Fellow at the International School for Advanced Stud-ies in Trieste. His research combines electrophysiology and modelling at different levels of analysis to study the cortical dynamics of language comprehension, in particular semantics.

Andrew C. Connolly is a Post-doctoral Fellow at Dartmouth College, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences. He earned his Ph.D. in Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. His interests include the representation of concepts and categories, especially the relationship between sensation, perception, and conception, the role of concepts in language comprehension, and the neural basis of visual category representation in the human visual cortex.

Chris Eliasmith holds a Canada Research Chair in Theoretical Neuroscience and is the director of the Centre for Theoretical Neuroscience at the University of Waterloo. He wrote the book Neural Engineering with Charles H. Anderson (MIT Press, 2003) and is currently working on a book for OUP called How to Build a Brain.

Andreas K. Engel is Professor of Physiology and head of the Department of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. He studied medicine and philosophy and graduated in medicine at the Technical University Munich in 1987. From 1987 to 1995, he worked as a staff scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt, where he developed a (p. xiii) long-standing interest in the dynamics of sensory processing, intermodal and senso-rimotor integration, and theories of perception, action, attention, and consciousness. In 1996, he established an independent group at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research funded by the Heisenberg Program of the German Research Foundation (DFG). In 2000, he moved to the Research Center Jülich to set up the newly established Cellular Neurobiology Group at the Institute for Medicine. In 2002, he was appointed to the Chair of Neurophysiology at the University Medical Center, Hamburg-Eppendorf.

Tim Fernando has been a lecturer at Trinity College Dublin since October 1999, having earned his Ph.D. under Solomon Feferman and Jon Barwise at Stanford University, and been a post-doctoral associate of Hans Kamp in Stuttgart.

Lila R. Gleitman is Professor Emerita at the University of Pennsylvania (Department of Psychology) and Rutgers University (RUCCS), and she was co-Director of Penn’s Institute for Research in Cognitive Science from 1982 to 2000. She is a Past President of the Linguistic Society of America and of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology. She has written extensively on language acquisition, the mental lexicon, and the putative effects of language on perception and cognition.

Peter Hagoort is Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at the Radboud University Nijmegen, director of the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging and director of the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics. His group studies the way complex language skills such as reading, listening, and speaking are fixed in the human brain.

James Hampton read Natural Sciences at Cambridge, and has a Ph.D. from University College London. Based at City University London, he has also held visiting posts at Stanford, Cornell, Chicago (as a Senior Fulbright Scholar), Yale, ENS Paris, and NYU. He has published over 50 articles on the psychology of concepts and categorization. He has long been associated with the development of prototype theory and its application to problems of conceptual combination, vagueness, and reasoning.

Heidi Harley is Professor in the Linguistics department at the University of Ari-zona. She works on lexical semantics, syntax, and the syntax/morphology interface, and has published on these topics in English, Japanese, Irish, Italian, and Hiaki (Yaqui). Her work has appeared in Linguistic Inquiry, Language, and Lingua, among others.

Wolfram Hinzen is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Durham. Before that he was an assistant professor at Regensburg University and a senior lecturer at the University of Amsterdam. He is the author of Mind Design and Minimal Syntax and An Essay on Names and Truth (OUP, 2006 and 2007).

Wilfrid Hodges taught mathematics at London University (Bedford College and Queen Mary) from 1968 to 2006. He has published five textbooks and over 100 papers and articles in mathematical logic and related areas, mainly in mathematical model (p. xiv) theory and formal aspects of semantics. He now works on medieval Arabic discussions of logic and semantics. He is a Fellow of the British Academy.

Terry Horgan has been Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona since 2002. He writes articles in metaphysics, epistemology, mind, and metaethics. His publications include, with J. Tienson, Connectionism and the Philosophy of Psychology (MIT Press, 1996) and, with M. Potrc, Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontol-ogy (MIT, 2008).

Pauline Jacobson is Professor of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences at Brown University. She has also held visiting appointments at Ohio State University and Harvard University. Her books include The Syntax of Crossing Coreference Sentences (Garland, 1980), The Nature of Syntactic Representation, co-edited with G. K. Pullum (Reidel, 1982), and Direct Compositionality co-edited with Chris Barker (OUP, 2007).

Theo M. V. Janssen (ILLC, University of Amsterdam) studied mathematics, with logic as a specialization, and general linguistics as a second subject. His dissertation was about Montague grammar, a framework for dealing in a compositional way with the semantics of natural language. His research falls in the interdisciplinary field of logic, natural language semantics, computer science, and the philosophy of language and has compositionality as leading theme.

Martin L. Jönsson is a philosopher of language. He received his Ph.D. from Lund University where his dissertation ‘On Compositionality’ was awarded the King Oscar II’s scholarship for best dissertation in the humanities. He is also a Fulbright Alumnus, having spent a year at Rutgers University. His main research interests are composition-ality and expressive power. His general interests also include metaphysics, logic, and categorization.

Simon Kirby is Professor of Language Evolution at the University of Edinburgh where he co-founded the Language Evolution and Computation Research Unit which has pio-neered the application of computational, mathematical, and experimental techniques to traditional issues in language acquisition, change, and evolution. The overall goal is to develop a theory of language as a complex adaptive system operating on multiple timescales. To this end, he has developed the Iterated Learning framework for language evolution.

Marcus Kracht obtained his Ph.D. in mathematical logic at the Free University of Berlin in 1992. He was appointed Assistant Professor of Computational and Mathemat-ical Linguistics at UCLA in 2002 where be became Associate Professor in 2006. Since 2008 he has been Professor of Computational and Mathematical Linguistics at Bielefeld University. He is the author of Interpreted Languages and Compositionality (Springer, 2011).

Michiel van Lambalgen is Professor of Logic and Cognitive Science at the University of Amsterdam. His main research interest is in logical modelling of cognitive processes, (p. xv) especially language comprehension and infant cognition. He is co-author, with Fritz Hamm, of The Proper Treatment of Events (Wiley, 2004) and, with Keith Stenning, of Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science (MIT Press, 2008).

Lisa Lederer is a Ph.D. student in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh, where she is also pursuing a Master’s in Bioethics. Her work is currently focused on the history and philosophy of psychology, especially as they relate to ethical issues in psychology and neuroscience research.

Sebastian Löbner first graduated in mathematics and then took a Ph.D. in General Linguistics at Düsseldorf University. He is now Professor at the Department of General Linguistics there. His main field of research is linguistic semantics; he has published on the semantics of NPs, quantification and negation, intensional verbs and dual operators, and on semantics in general. Löbner is heading the interdisciplinary Coordinated Research Centre 991 on ‘The Structure of Representations in Language, Cognition, and Science’ financed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

Edouard Machery is Associate Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh, a resident fellow of the Center for Philosophy of Science (University of Pittsburgh), a member of the Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition (CMU and Pittsburgh), and an associate editor of the European Journal for Philosophy of Science. He is the author of Doing without Concepts (OUP, 2009).

Alexander Maye studied computer science in Dresden and Berlin, where his interest in computational models of vision developed. In his graduate studies he investigated the dynamics of models of neuronal oscillations, and received his Ph.D. in 2002 from the Institute of Technology in Berlin. After working on brain atlases at the Zuse Institute in Berlin, he went to the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf to combine computational modelling and electrophysiological studies of the human brain.

Peter Pagin received his Ph.D. in 1987 at Stockholm University, where he has been Professor of Philosophy since 2002. He has published papers on compositionality, vagueness, assertion, and other topics in the philosophy of language.

Francis Jeffry Pelletier was Mellon Chair in Cognitive Science at the University of Rochester, 1990–2; Professor of Philosophy and Computing Science at the University of Alberta, 1992–2003; and Canada Research Chair in Cognitive Science and Professor of Philosophy and Linguistics at Simon Fraser University from 2003 until 2009. He now teaches at the University of Alberta and writes on issues of the philosophy of language and logic, formal semantics, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence, as well as some specific topics that overlap with these areas (e.g., mass terms and generics).

Martina Penke is Professor of Psycholinguistics at the University of Cologne. She obtained her doctoral degree in linguistics at the University of Düsseldorf and has held positions at the Universities of Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Konstanz, and Ghent. Her research focuses on phonology, morphology, and syntax in normal/impaired language (p. xvi) acquisition, language disorders, and language processing as well as on issues regarding the mental/neural representation of language. She has coordinated and is involved in several research projects.

Paul M. Pietroski is Professor of Linguistics and Philosophy at the University of Maryland. His interests lie at the intersection of the two fields. He is the author of Causing Actions (OUP 2000) and Events and Semantic Architecture (OUP 2005). He is currently working on a book (also for OUP) currently entitled Semantics without Truth Values.

Jesse Prinz is a Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and an Adjunct Professor at the University of North Car-olina, Chapel Hill where he taught until 2009. He has research interests in cognitive science, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of language, moral psychology, and aes-thetics. His books include Gut Reactions: A Perceptual Theory of Emotion (OUP, 2004) and The Emotional Construction of Morals (OUP, 2007). He also has two forthcoming titles: Beyond Human Nature (London: Penguin; New York: Norton, 2011) and The Conscious Brain (OUP, 2011). He has published numerous articles on concepts, emotions, morals, consciousness, and other topics.

James Pustejovsky holds the TJX/Feldberg Chair in Computer Science at Brandeis University, where he conducts research in the theoretical and computational mod-elling of language, specifically: computational semantics; lexical meaning; knowledge representation; temporal and event reasoning; and spatial semantics. He also directs the Laboratory of Linguistics and Computation and is Chair of the Language and Linguistics Program. His work in Generative Lexicon Theory explores the computa-tional nature of compositionality in natural language, while focusing on the interface between lexical semantics and compositional mechanisms in language. Pustejovsky has been active in developing semantic annotation standards for temporal and event information in natural language, and is the chief architect of TimeML. He is cur-rently involved in spatial reasoning and annotation and is editor of the ISO work item, ISO-Space.

François Récanati is the Director of Institut Jean-Nicod (Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris). He is also a research fellow at CNRS and a professorial fellow at EHESS and the University of St Andrews. He has taught in several major universities around the world. His recent publications include Literal Meaning (CUP, 2004), Perspectival Thought (OUP, 2007), and Truth-Conditional Pragmatics (OUP, 2010). He is General Editor of the OUP series, Context and Content.

Gabriel Sandu is currently Professor of Theoretical Philosophy at the University of Helsinki. He has been a Research Director (CNRS, Paris) and Professor of Philosophy at Paris 1, Sorbonne. His publications include On the Methodology of Linguistics, co-authored with Jaakko Hintikka (Blackwell, 1991), Entre Logique et Langage, co-authored with François Rivenc (Vrin, 2009), Logic, Games and Computation: A strategic approach (p. xvii) to IF-languages, co-authored with Allen Mann and Merlijn Sevenster (CUP, 2011), and numerous articles on the connection between games and language.

Gerhard Schurz is Chair of Theoretical Philosophy at the University of Düsseldorf. Having studied chemistry and philosophy at the University of Graz he received his Habilitation in Philosophy in 1989 at the University of Salzburg, where he was first Assistant and then Associate Professor of Philosophy. He has been a visiting professor at the University of California at Irvine and at Yale University. His research areas are philosophy of science, logic, and cognitive science.

Kenny Smith is a lecturer in the School of Philosophy, Psychology, and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, with interests in the evolution of communication, human language, and the human capacity for language.

Terrence C. Stewart is a Post-doctoral Fellow at the Centre for Theoretical Neuroscience at the University of Waterloo, where he is developing scalable methods for implementing high-level cognition using biologically realistic spiking neurons. He received his Ph.D. in Cognitive Science from Carleton University (specializing in the role of computational modelling within cognitive science) and his M.Phil. from the School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences (COGS) at the University of Sussex.

Zoltán Gendler Szabó received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technol-ogy and is currently Professor of Philosophy at Yale University. He works primarily on philosophy of language. He is author of Problems of Compositionality (Garland, 2000), editor of Semantics versus Pragmatics (OUP, 2005) and wrote numerous articles on the interpretation of descriptions, tense, aspect, modality, and propositional attitudes.

Markus Werning is Professor of Philosophy of Language and Cognition at the Ruhr University Bochum. He received his Ph.D. from the Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf and Master degrees in Philosophy and Physics from the Free University of Berlin. In his work he unites various perspectives on compositionality and theories of meaning in general, including philosophy of language, formal semantics, logic, neural modelling, and neuro-semantics. He is author of the book The Compositional Brain: A Unification of Conceptual and Neuronal Perspectives (Mentis, 2011).

Dag Westerståhl is Professor of Theoretical Philosophy and Logic at Stockholm University. He received his Ph.D. at the University of Gothenburg under the supervision of Per Lindström. His research areas are model theory, formal semantics, generalized quantifiers, and philosophy of logic, language, and mathematics. He is author, together with Stanley Peters, of Quantifiers in Language and Logic (OUP, 2006, 2008).

Edward Wisniewski is Professor of Cognitive Science at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA. He was an Associate Editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. His research focuses on people’s mental representations or concepts of everyday things. It addresses a number of interrelated (p. xviii) issues associated with people’s concepts, especially how people combine familiar con-cepts to produce new one.

Jing Wu was formerly Associate Professor of contrastive and cognitive linguistics at the School of Foreign Languages, Soochow University, China. Currently, she is an instructor of Chinese at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA.

Dieter Wunderlich obtained a Ph.D. for his thesis ‘Tense and time reference in German’ at the Technische Universität, Berlin, 1969. From 1973 to 2002, he held the chair of General Linguistics in Düsseldorf. He was co-founder and first president of the German Linguistic Society 1978, and initiated, among others, the Collaborative Research Center on the Theory of the Lexicon in Düsseldorf. He developed Lexical Decomposition Grammar and Minimalist Morphology, and wrote articles and books in a number of linguistic fields.

Thomas Ede Zimmermann graduated from Konstanz University in 1987 and has since held academic positions at various universities. Since 1999, he has been Professor of Formal Semantics in the Linguistics Department of Goethe University, Frankfurt. He has made various descriptive and foundational contributions to formal semantics. His main areas of research include intensional constructions, the theory of reference, and the formal aspects of semantic complexity.