- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- List of Abbreviations
- The Contributors
- Compositionality: Its Historic Context
- Composition A Lity In Montague Grammar
- The case for compositionality
- Compositionality Problems and how to Solve Them
- Direct Compositionality
- Semantic Monadicity with Conceptual Polyadicity
- Holism And Compositionality.
- Composition Ality, Flexibility, And Context Dependence
- Compositionality in Kaplan Style Semantics
- Formalizing the relationship between meaning and syntax
- Compositionality and The Context Principle
- Compositionality In Discourse From A Logical Perspective
- Lexical Decomposition In Grammar
- Lexical Decomposition in Modern Syntactic Theory
- Syntax in the Atom
- Co-composition Ality in Grammar
- Typicality and Composition a Lity: the Logic of Combining Vague Concepts
- Emergency!!!! Challenges to a Compositional Understanding of Noun–noun Combinations
- Can Prototype Representations Support Composition And Decomposition?
- Regaining Composure: A Defence Of Prototype Compositionality.
- Simple Heuristics For Concept Combination
- Compositionality and Beyond: Embodied Meaning in Language and Protolanguage
- Compositionality and Linguistic Evolution
- Communication And The complexity of semantics
- Prototypes and their Composition from an Evolutionary Point of View
- Connectionism, Dynamical Cognition, and Non-Classical Compositional Representation
- The Dual-Mechanism Debate
- Compositionality and Biologically Plausible Models
- Neuronal Assembly Models of Compositionality
- Non-Symbolic Compositional Representation and Its Neuronal Foundation: To wards An Emulative Semantics
- The Processing Consequences of Compositionality
Abstract and Keywords
Compositionality refers to how a complex expression is made up of its parts on the basis of grammatical rules, and derives its meaning from these parts. In general, emergent features are not initially present in concepts but arise when these concepts are combined. The source of these emergent features is explained by extensional feedback. Although there is strong evidence for emergent features that arise from extensional feedback, there is another type of emergent feature which is common. These emergent features are constructed or created from existing features represented in the modifier and head noun. One of the ways to view emergent features is in terms of processing stages. In the earliest stage, understanding a novel combination is initially a compositional process in which features of the constituents are activated. In a middle stage, it is proposed that the multiple-process model constructs emergent features from the compositional features. Finally, some researchers suggest that, after comprehending a novel combination, people elaborate the meaning with emergent features based on extensional feedback.
Edward Wisniewski is Professor of Cognitive Science at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA. He was an Associate Editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. His research focuses on people’s mental representations or concepts of everyday things. It addresses a number of interrelated issues associated with people’s concepts, especially how people combine familiar con-cepts to produce new one.
Jing Wu is an instructor of Chinese at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC. She was formerly Associate Professor of contrastive and cognitive linguistics at the School of Foreign Languages, Soochow University, China.
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