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date: 31 March 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter, we review experiments in which people read text (often single sentences) while properties of individual target words were manipulated. These properties include the frequency of a word in the language, as well as its orthographic, phonological, morphological, and semantic properties. We also briefly review contingent display change experiments in which properties of a word seen only in the parafovea are manipulated. The findings from these experiments indicate that many aspects related to the structure of a fixated word influence fixation times on that word. It is thus apparent that lexical processing is having quite an immediate effect on the progress of the eyes through the text. In the concluding section, we describe how these data are consistent with the E-Z Reader model (see also Reichle, Chapter 42 , this volume), which posits that only one word is attended to at a time (although more than one word is often processed on a fixation). We also highlight issues related to lexical processing which are currently not addressed by models of eye movements in reading.

Keywords: parafovea, eye movements, reading, E-Z Reader model, lexical processing

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