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date: 10 August 2020

(p. 647) Index

(p. 647) Index

Figures, notes and tables are indexed in bold.

Abbott, A. D. 13, 135, 399 n.1, 486, 497 n.1, 494, 496, 497, 498, 536, 546
Abernathy, W. 26
Absentee Ownership and the Business Enterprise in Recent Times (Veblen) 352
absolute surplus‐value 66, 67
absolutist state 329–30
accountability 617
executives 188
lines of 621
public 163
accounting 74, 126
investigation 187
accumulation, social structures of (SSA) 102–3
Acemoglu, D. 178 n.1
Acker, J. 83, 390, 391
Ackroyd, S. 78
action 212, 447, 616
Dewey on 449–450, 456
dispositions 458
general theory of 609–10, 614, 628
normative aspects of 609
recurring patterns 455
research 425
Simon on 448
actor network theory 253–4, 260
adaptive institutions 610, 611, 615
adaptive upgrading 628–9
Adib, A. 390
Adler, E. 236
Adler, P. S. 5, 71, 72, 74, 75, 79, 83, 109, 131, 160, 236, 457, 457 n.8, 577, 601, 615, 615 n.2, 617, 624
administration 40, 48, 49, 50, 58, 156, 514
constituencies 561, 578
elites 567
France 51, 52, 53, 55
Weber on 121
Administrative Behavior (Simon) 448
advertising 361, 362, 366, 367
Africa 375, 378
African Americans 379 see also blacks
agency theory 105, 107, 110–12, 134, 182, 184, 185, 332, 344, 429, 430, 432, 437–8, 538, 572, 573
concepts 421–2, 423, 428, 429, 436
under organizational control 503
structure dilemma 574–5 see also self, as‐subject
agents 321, 576
review of work 598
walking back cases 599
Aghion, P. 27
Aglietta, M. 80, 94, 102
agriculture, and societies, social solidarity 202
Ahmadjian, C. 192 n.8
Alba, R. 269
Albert, S. 426, 427, 428
Albrow, M. 122
Aldrich, H. E. 39, 315, 318, 343 n.6, 527, 531
Alexander, J. 5, 22, 40, 224
Alford, R. 21, 23, 29, 30, 134, 169
Allport, G. 388
Algeria 51
alienation 68–9, 76–7, 82
Allan, K. 379, 380, 384, 388
Allbrow, M. 571
Alliez, É. 247 n.2, 249 n.6, 253 n.13
alterity 255–8, 378
and identity 258
Alvesson, M. 391, 427
Amann, R. 163
Amburgey, T. L. 436, 527
America, see United States
American Capitalism (Galbraith) 551
Ames, R. 193
Ancien Régime 327, 330, 331
Andersen, M. L. 390
Anderson, B. 256
Anderson, P. 21, 26, 27, 63, 83, 93, 108, 114
Anderson, W. 585
(p. 648) anomie 225, 235, 237, 240, 241, 293, 336
in industrial organizations 228
Ansell, C. 14, 15, 473
anti‐colonialism 63, 456 n.7
anti‐dualism 470
antitrust 216
Antonacopoulou, E. P. 434
Appiah, K. 383
Archer, M. 574
Arditi, J. 293, 293 n.2
Arendt, H. 554 n.20
Argote, L. 445
Argyris, C. 425
aristocracy to democracy 42, 46–7, 49–50, 52, 54, 55, 58 f
choices in society 56 f
Aristotle 451
Armbrüster, T. 163
Aron, R. 40
Arrighi, G. 80, 94, 97, 103, 104, 112
Art of the State, The (Hood) 279
Arthur, M. B. 615
artificial selection 513, 531
Ash, R. 178
Ashcraft, K. L. 391
Ashforth, B. E. 427
Asia 29
Aspinall, P. J. 391
Aspromourgos, T. 353
associational institutions 628
associations:
definition 43–4, 45, 48, 59
impact of 47
science of 40, 46
uniting in 55
Asylums (Goffman) 500, 501–4
Athens, L. 493
Audi, R. 253 n.13
Audit Society, The (Power) 284
auditing systems 284–5
Augello, M. M. 313
Augier, M. 4, 455, 539
Australia 204, 205, 640
authoring identity 430–1, 432, 433, 434, 435–6
authority 14, 131–2, 135, 137, 294, 299, 478, 479, 625
charismatic 127
domination by 73, 123, 124–5
group integration 297
in industrial society 299–300
legitimacy 134
structures 130, 334
theory 475
traditional 127
automobile design process 615
autonomy 620
Axelrod, R. M. 459
Bacdayan, P. 458
balance of power 480
Bales, R. F. 609
Bandura, A. 436
Banerjee, S. B. 392
Banton, M. 376, 380, 381
Baran, P. 94, 102
Barbash, J. 510
Barber, B. M. 78
Barclay, L. 465, 466, 477, 478 n.19
bargaining transactions 515, 516, 518, 522
Barker, J. 76, 109
Barker, J. R. 76, 109, 132
Barley, S. R. 21, 22, 23, 76, 135, 200, 506, 506 n.6, 573
Barnard, C. I. 174, 228, 591, 598
Baron, J. M. 23
Baron, J. N. 122, 231
Barraclough, G. 333
Barry, D. 433
Barsky, A. 389
Baum, J. A. C. 174, 526, 527
Bauman, Z. 119, 152, 157, 269, 342
Baumol, W. 316
Beaumont, G. de 50
Bechara, A. 454 n.5
Becker, G. 241
Becker, H. 15, 490, 504, 505, 506
Becker, M. 12
Becker, M. C. 12, 308 n.4, 311 n.8, 315 n.13, 316 n.15, 317 n.17, 321
Becker, S. O. 29
behavior 212, 599
civilized 335–7
control of 339
and experience 458
individual 331
in organizations 344
political 523, 524, 525
process 470
restraints 336
workers 338–9
beliefs 248–9, 254, 255, 528
systems 522–3
Bell, E. 387 n.7, 389, 390
Bendix, R. 76, 130, 270 n.4, 334
benefits 515
Benn, S. 81
Benson, J. K. 82, 572
Bentley, A. 477 n.18
Berdayes, V. 128, 129
Berger, J. 20, 21, 32
(p. 649) Berger, P. 202, 207, 208
Berger, P. L. 202, 207, 208, 523
Bergesen, A. J. 209
Bergson, H. 425
Bergunder, A. E. 260
Berle, A. A. 111, 175, 182, 183, 184, 352, 535, 537, 538, 540, 542 n.5, 547, 547 n.12, 548, 549, 550, 550 n.15, 552, 555, 641
best practices 212, 528
Beyer, J. M. 445
biculturalism 387,
Bielby, W. T. 23, 122
Bigham, T. C. 409
Binder, A. 490
Birnholtz, J. P. 428, 455, 456 n.7, 457, 458
Black, B. S. 193
Black Mother (Du Bois) 386
Black Reconstruction in America1860–1880 (Du Bois) 383
blacks 383, 384, 385
biological inferiority of 388–9
and whites 387–8
United States 386–7, 390
Blau, P. 122, 217, 560, 565–6, 568, 570, 575
Blau, P. M. 16, 17, 122, 165, 177, 217, 560, 565–6, 568, 570, 575, 586, 587, 593, 594, 595, 595 n.2, 597, 598, 599, 600, 602, 604
Blaug, M. 353
Block, F. 132, 367
blue‐collar workers 593, 598
Blumer, H. 15, 25, 487, 489, 491, 494–7, 498, 504, 506
Blumer, H. G. 15, 25, 252, 261, 487, 489, 491, 494–7, 498, 504, 506
Body‐Gendrot, S. 382
Boeker, W. 191
Boesche, R. 44 n.2
Bogdanor, V. 162, 163, 165
Boje, D. M. 465, 470, 480
Boli, J. 236
Bolshevik Party 45
Boltanski, L. 207, 209, 284, 286
bonding 458
Boom and the Bubble, The (Brenner) 102
Borys, B. 75, 577, 601
Boulding, K. 519
Boulding, K. E. 519, 540, 547, 550, 550 n.16, 552, 556
boundaries
organizational 282, 335
spatial‐temporal 283 see also geographical boundaries
boundaryless careers 230
bounded rationality 210, 218
Bourdieu, P. 126, 209, 330, 369, 455 n.6, 638
Bowen, H. K. 457 n.8
Bower, J. L. 27
Boyle, E. 174, 175
Boys in White: Student Culture in Medical School (Becker et al.) 505, 506
Bradach, J. L. 615
Bradley, J. C. 389
Brandenburger, A. 626
Braudel, F. 103, 104
Braverman, H. 74, 75, 108, 109
Bray, C. 186
Breiger, R. 269
Brenner, R. 94, 99, 100, 102, 111
Bretton Woods 418
Brewer, A. 69
Brief, A. P. 389
Britain 108, 164–6, 470
brokerage 270
Brooks, J. A. M. 457
Brooks, P. 255
Brown, A. D. 429
Brown, J. S. 435
Brown, R. H. 228
Brown, R. M. 458
Brown, S. L. 458
Bruner, J. 429, 430, 436
Bumiller, E. 44 n.2
Bunderson, J. S. 427
Burawoy, M. 7, 63, 76, 77, 81, 82, 84, 589, 643
bureaucracies 9, 52, 58, 67, 108, 118, 157, 164, 167, 268, 292, 536, 560, 565, 566, 569, 573, 574–5, 578–9, 592, 629
changes in 599
constraints in 163
control 559, 560, 563, 565, 567, 575
dynamics 563
France 53, 57
Germany 53–4, 57
paternalistic 620 f
power 559, 560, 563, 565, 566, 592
traditional 159
United States 401
vicious circles 567, 568, 570, 575
Weber on 588, 592, 602, 639
Bureaucracy in Modern Society (Blau) 165
bureaucratic design 587–8
bureaucratic elites 561, 562–3
bureaucratic organizations 586
dysfunctions of 587
bureaucratic phenomenon 569, 578
Bureaucratic Phenomenon, The (Crozier) 560
bureaucratic rationality 120, 121–2, 123, 129, 130, 132–4, 147, 148, 150–2
bureaucratic rules 586–7
in work groups 593
Bureaucratic Structure and Personality (Merton) 17
(p. 650) bureaucratic theory 16
bureaucratization 281, 408, 564, 565, 566, 569, 573, 574, 575, 578–9, 590, 595
bureaucrats 153–5, 156, 157
changes 600
and organizational rules 587–8
Burgess, E. 410, 418
Burke, F. T. 460
Burkett, P. 80
Burkitt, I. 150, 331, 344
Burns, L. R. 399 n.1
Burns, T. 501
Burrell, G. 376, 569, 570, 571, 572
Burt, R. 231, 270, 292, 296
Buruma, I. 256
business and industry 364
business cycle, short‐term 101, 102
Business Cycles (Schumpeter) 312
business firms 610, 614
external exchanges 625–6
business strategies 213, 215
business systems 366
Butz, R. M. 389
Cable, D. 31
Cain, C. 431, 435
Calás, M. B. 83, 466, 467 n.3
Callahan, G. 71
Camerer, C. 458
Cameron, K. 627
Camic, C. 451 n.4
Cannella, A. A. 189
canon studies 637, 638–9, 644
capital 79, 363
flow 183
Capital (Marx) 64, 69, 70, 93–4, 102, 110, 359
capitalism 24, 26, 64, 66, 71, 101, 355, 369–71, 385, 305, 342, 407, 539, 624
Asia 29
dark side 62, 68–9
demise 62, 312
organized 352
power 215
problems 72
progress under 68, 71–2
structure of domination 82
Tarde on 252, 255
United States 354–5, 367
Western 28
and working class 69–70, 97 see also production, mode of
Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (Schumpeter) 24, 312
capitalist relations of production 64–8, 72, 75, 76
capitalist societies 3, 8, 62
captain of industry 317, 318
Carberry, E. J. 5, 39 n.1, 41, 118, 122, 123, 268
Carby, H. 386
Carchedi, G. 66
Carlsen, A. 14, 425, 428, 432, 434, 435, 436
Carnegie School 28, 30, 448
Carroll, G. R. 604
Carroll, S. J. 316
Casciaro, T. 174
Casey, C. 282
Cassinelli, C. W. 178 n.1
Castells, M. 135, 233, 269, 377, 577
Castiglione, B. 338
categorization 190, 204
of objects 208
social 205
in tribes 201, 217
Catton, W. R. 240
Caver, K. 389
centralization 48, 190, 479–80, 482
of capital 79
France 53, 54, 55, 56, 58
political 44, 232
state planning 544, 554
Certeau, M. de 257
Chain Store, The (Shideler) 415
Chamberlain, N. W. 510, 514, 516, 519
Chamberlin, E. 352, 361
Chan, S. 389
Chandler, A. D. 214, 216, 352, 366, 639
Chandratat, I. 188, 191
Chapman, R. 162, 165, 169
charisma 127, 130–1, 298
charity organizations 404–5
chartering 620
Chaussinand‐Nogaret, G. 55
Chernilo, D. 613
Chia, R. 426, 435, 458
Chiapello, É. 284, 286
Chicago School 13–14, 353, 399–420, 546, 643–4
Second 489, 494, 497
Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy 408
Chief Executive Officer (CEO), role of 188–9, 191, 127
Child, J. 465, 476, 577, 578
China 104, 204, 342, 369, 376
Chiu, J. S. 184
(p. 651) Choi, I. 209
Choi, Y. B. 308 n.4
choices 609
Chriss, J. J. 589
Christensen, C. M. 27, 28
Chuang, Y.‐T. 174
churches 416, 610, 611, 612
Ciepley, D. 539, 549 n.14
Cihangir, S. 193
circular response 470–1, 478
Citibank 614, 620, 621, 625
cities 135, 262–3, 410
Ciuchta, M. 322
Civil Rights legislation (United States) 377
civil servants, Britain 164–5
civil society 45
civilizing process 330–1, 333–5, 337, 339–40, 343–4
Civilizing Process, The (Elias) 12, 168–9, 327, 328, 332, 333–7, 339, 341, 343, 344
Clark, B. R. 428
Clark, K. B. 26, 616
Clark, P. 565, 577, 578
Clark, T. N. 247, 249, 250, 251, 251 n.9, 258 n.17, 259, 260
class inequalities 390–1
class conflicts 66, 100, 107
central 96–7
class structure 64–5, 82–3
class struggle 8, 64, 72, 74, 94–5, 96
classical economics 356, 358
classics, see modern classics
Clawson, D. 76, 77, 113
Clegg, S. 39 n.1, 152, 376, 560, 569, 571, 572, 576, 577
Clegg, S. R. 6, 9, 39 n.1, 73, 76, 118, 119, 122, 130, 134, 135, 139, 152, 338, 376, 432, 560, 569, 571, 572, 576, 577
Cleghorn, J. S. 82
Clemens, E. 16
Clemens, E. S. 16, 115, 181, 181 n.2, 541, 604
Clemens, R. V. 313
Cloward, R. A. 182
Coase, R. 353, 520, 529, 546, 547, 548
Cockburn, C. 83, 390
codes of conduct (work) 334
coercion 550
cognition 201, 204, 205, 207, 448, 454, 457
and action 212, 447
and emotion 293
human 208, 210
institutional change 522
orientations 209
and social structure 211
cognitive frameworks 210, 212
Cohen, G. A. 64
Cohen, J. 125
Cohen, M. 14
Cohen, M. D. 14, 175, 210, 428, 444 n.1, 448, 454 n.5, 455, 456 n.7, 457, 458, 459
Cohen, R. B. 79
Colado, I. 137
Colander, D. 353
Cold War 125, 368, 539, 546, 555
Cole, M. 73
Cole, R. E. 214
Coleman, J. 57, 179, 180, 193
Coleman, J. S. 57, 122, 177, 179, 180, 193, 530, 585, 613
Colignon, R. A. 561, 562
collaboration
enterprises 619 f(b)
Parsons on 629
responsibility 620
systems 616, 627
Collected Works (Tocqueville) 41
collective action 201, 207, 296, 510, 512, 518, 522, 524, 525, 527, 572, 577
and individuals 512, 513, 514
and institutional environment 527
collective bargaining 523
collective classification 202
collective conscious 206, 208, 210–11, 215, 217, 224, 226, 228
United States 211
collectives 193, 539
worker 67
collectivism 539
organizations 180
College of Commerce and Administration (PSCCA) 408
Collin, F. 207
Collins, J. 426, 432
Collins, R. 29, 176, 207, 219, 224, 291
Colomy, P. 488
colonialism 255, 256, 385, 391–2
Africa 378
France 51
Columbia School 585–6
combinations 321–2
and organizations 322
Commager, H. S. 446
commitments 514, 517, 615
employee 625, 627
value 607, 613
commodity
fetishism 82
production 66, 68, 104, 112
Commons, J. R. 15, 16, 474, 474 n.14, 477 n.18, 510, 511–14, 516–32, 635
(p. 652) communication technology 232, 233
communism
primitive 64
and rights of employees 549
Communist Manifesto, The (Marx and Engels) 64, 67, 68, 71, 100, 101
communities 236, 412, 417, 615
human 279–80
institutions 416
as process 476
studies of 413
competence‐destroying innovation 26, 27, 28
competence‐enhancing innovation 26, 27, 28
competition 26, 68, 99, 227, 232, 235, 301, 552
economy based on 69
between employees 596, 598
as engine of differentiation 228, 238
work tasks 336
competitive tendering 160–1
complex organizations 67, 641
complexity theory 465, 466
Concept of the Corporation (Drucker) 551
Condren, C. 150, 151, 157, 168 n.4, 169
conduct of life (Lebensführung) 9, 147, 149, 151
conflict 65, 135, 239, 465, 522
Commons on 523, 524
constructive 470, 474, 476, 477–8
dynamics 630
and employment relations 72, 73
Follett on 474–5, 477
and institutions 611
of interest 514, 519
in organizations 565, 586
among people 522, 528
resolution 477
consciousness 206, 207
consensus
social order 124–5
versus conflict 81
consequences of social phenomena 593
consultations 597
consumerism 368
China 369
global 368–9
consumption 354, 369, 526
conspicuous 352, 360, 361–2, 643
developing countries 368
Europe 368
evolution of 358, 359–60
and production 364
and social institutions 361
United States 366, 368
work 412
contemporary capitalism 284, 354
contestation 134
contingency theory 32–3, 75, 76, 122, 569, 603
contracts 79, 161, 236, 626
contracting out, see outsourcing
Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (Marx) 63
control 74, 566, 570
conceptions of 332, 466, 481–2
emotional 330, 339
Follett on 475, 481–2
and exploitation 74, 76
position as instrument for 296
strategies 569–70
struggles 565, 576
theory 418
of workforce 75
convergence 82, 106
Cook, J. M. 106, 604
Cooke, B. 375
Cooley, C. H. 381, 387
Cooley, D. E. 184
Coombs, J. E. 189
Cooper, A. C. 316, 318
Cooper, R. 269
cooperatives 81
co‐opetition 626
co‐optation 561–2
Corbey, R. 256, 256 n.16
Corkery, C. 186
Corley, K. G. 427, 428, 429
corporate governance 230
corporate management 214
corporate social responsibility 112, 192, 301, 550, 552
corporations 10, 16, 27, 68, 78, 527, 540, 643
behavior 176
control 187
and democracy 536–7, 539
and environment 78–9
large 536, 641
and production networks 79
public good 175–6, 540
rise of large 102, 111
Tocqueville on 541–2
United States 106, 108, 214, 216
Corsaro, W. A. 506
Coser, L. A. 291
counter valences 179–80
countervailing 179, 235, 551, 552
Courpasson, D. 39 n.1, 134, 335
Court Society, The (Elias) 168–9, 328, 330, 334
Cox, R. W. 232
(p. 653) craft idiocy 79
craft workers 74
creative destruction 26, 27, 28, 33, 311, 312
Creative Destruction: A Six Stage Process for Transforming the Organization
(Nolan) 27
Creative Experience (Follett) 469, 470, 472, 473, 475
creativity 163, 284
Creed, W. E. D. 23, 106, 436, 490
creeping socialism 68
Cressey, P. 75
crisis tendencies 70
crisis theory, and change 98–9
Crites, S. 429, 432
Critical Accounting 281, 285
Critical Management Studies (CMS) 281, 282, 283, 286
critical organization theory 108–10
Crosby, F. J. 296
Croson, D. C. 27
cross‐boundary collaboration 614, 625, 627
Crouch, C. 161, 162
crowds 296
Crozier, M. 16, 39 n.1, 560, 565, 566–9, 570, 575
Csikszentmihalyi, M. 432, 436, 438
Cultural Capital: the Problem of Literary Canon Formation (Guillory) 638
cultural‐historical activity theory 73
culture 28, 29, 70, 233
and bureaucracy 601
Durkheim on 204
exclusion 384
factors 82
global 240–1
Gouldner on 586–7
and institutional development 121, 369–70
and organizations 30, 123, 201, 205, 281
traits, transmission of 318 see also The Elementary Forms of Religious Life
cumulative causation 354, 355, 357–8, 365, 370, 371
cumulative research program 21, 33
Cunliffe, A. 434
customer relationships manager 625, 627
customs 260–3, 447, 522
and actions 511
Dewey on 452, 456
Cutright, M. 465, 466, 470
Cyert, R. M. 448
Czarniawska, B. 11, 256, 257, 258, 259, 261, 262, 428
Czarniawska‐Joerges, B. 11, 218, 256, 257, 258, 259, 261, 262, 428
Daft, R. L. 6, 7
Damasio, A. R. 454 n.5, 458
Damasio, H. 454 n.5
D'Amboise, C. 316
Dandridge, T. C. 228
Dapretto, M. 458
Darkwater (Du Bois) 384, 386
Darwin, C. 380–1, 422, 425, 526, 527, 643
Davidson, R. J. 458
Davis, D. S. 368, 369
Davis, G. 17, 18
Davis, G. F. 17, 18, 20, 30, 96, 184, 187, 190, 193, 215, 523, 531, 556, 586 n.1, 642
Davis, J. 134
Davis, M. 536, 540
Davis‐Blake, A. 122
Dawe, A. 571, 574
De Grazia, V. 368
De Martino, B. 458
De Ste. Croix, G. E. M. 93
De Swaan, A. 329, 340, 344
Deal, T. 228
decentralization 479–80, 482
Deci, E. L. 436
decision‐making 9, 14, 29, 128–9, 131, 153, 163, 193, 210, 335, 448, 457, 520, 591
centralization 564, 568
changes in 427, 529
corporate 113, 268, 538
France 567
in large groups 176
in organizations 174, 190
top managers 186
workers 479
decivilizing processes 340
deduction 609
and induction 602
deflation 613, 627, 628, 629
of media 630
DeGeus, A. 426
deinstitutionalization 504
Dekker, D. 270 n.3
Delacroix, J. 228
Delany, W. 122
delegation 176
of authority 180
Deleuze, G. 248, 253, 257, 269
democratic society 48, 49, 49 f, 50, 51, 56, 58
democracy 40, 42–3, 46–7, 52, 377, 465, 542, 551–2
capitalist 552
and corporations 536–7, 539
France 42
industrial 535
United States 43, 45, 384
(p. 654)
and workplace 468 see also liberal democracy
Democracy in America (Tocqueville) 8, 40, 41–9, 49 f, 50, 51, 52, 55, 56, 57
democratic associations 46–7
democratic despotism 46, 47, 50, 58
democratic planning 81
Demsetz, H. 184
Dennis, R. M. 379
density
material 226–7, 232, 233, 237, 238
moral 226, 232, 233, 235, 237, 238
Denton, P. 181, 217
Derlien, H. U. 119
Desai, M. 71
desires 248–9, 254, 255
imitation of 259
deskilling 74, 75, 108–9
despotism 276, 278
destructive technologies 24, 26–8, 33
determinism 227, 271, 422, 571
developing countries:
consumption 368
production 367
developmental tasks 7, 21
dialectics 568
control 574, 576, 577
power 574, 577
Diani, M. 269, 269 n.2
Dickson, W. J. 217, 376, 417 n.4, 586, 598, 603
Dickstein, M. 465
Diekmann, K. A. 215
Dietch, E. A. 389
differentiation 294, 628–9
defining informalization 337
process of 364
of production systems 224
diffusion 250, 251
Diggins, J. P. 425 n.1, 475
dignifying rationalizations 499–500
DiMaggio, P. J. 93, 106, 133, 134, 200, 209, 213, 258, 259, 301, 436, 488, 496, 573, 635
dirty work 499–500
discourse, see globalization, discourse on
disposition, see habits
disruptive technologies 27, 32
diversity
identity groups 626
management 292
division of labor 82, 201, 217, 223, 227, 228, 233–7, 239–40, 241–2, 300, 334, 335, 418, 542, 611
global 200, 238–9, 369
industrialized societies 202–3
integrative function of 236
and large corporations 548
Division of Labour in Society, The (Durkheim) 10, 200, 201, 202, 204, 205, 223, 224, 225, 226, 230
Djelic, M.‐L. 218, 232, 236
Dobbin, F. R. 10, 201, 209, 219, 521
Dobel, P. 158, 164, 169
Doig, A. 162
Dolan, R. J. 458
Dollard, J. 376
Domhoff, G. W. 70, 78, 555 n.21
domination 131–2, 133, 134, 135, 138, 139
as authority 125
charismatic 131
political 119, 128
rationality and 130–2
sociology 126
soft 335
structure 297
systems 123, 124
traditional 127, 131
Donaldson, L. 177, 527, 569, 571
Donnellon, A. 577, 614, 616, 618
Dopson, S. 341
Dore, R. 79, 211
Dorfman, J. 356
Dosi, G. 455
Doty, D. H. 122
double consciousness 387, 388, 389, 390
double movement 543, 545
Douglas, M. 126, 201, 206, 277, 277–8 n.13, 278 n.14, 279
Dowd, T. J. 134
Dowling, J. 122
downsizing 614, 627
Dreier, O. 435
Drescher, S. 41
Driver, E. D. 379, 383
Drucker, P. F. 540, 551, 641
Du Bois, W. E. B. 13, 375, 377–93, 418
Du Gay, P. 9, 148, 151, 152, 158, 159, 269, 578
duality 188–9, 192, 438
mind/body 491
of social development 287
Duarte, N. 73
Duberley, J. 335
Duerr, H. P. 333, 336, 344
Duguid, M. M. 189, 191
(p. 655) Duguid, P. 435
Duindam, J. 330
Dukerich, J. 427
Dunkelberg, W. C. 316, 318
Dunkerley, D. 73, 569, 571, 572
Dunning, E. 337
Durkheim, É. 10, 11, 21, 47, 76, 79, 82, 200–19, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 232, 233, 234–7, 239, 240–2, 246, 248, 250, 251, 252, 254, 258, 259, 280, 296, 300, 336, 342, 342 n.5, 379, 610, 629, 644–5
Dusk of Dawn (Du Bois) 385
Dutton, J. E. 427, 435, 436
dyads 295–6
Dylan, B. 138, 139
Dynamics of Bureaucracy (Blau) 17, 560
East Asia 104–15, 368
Eastern Europe 368
Eccles, R. G. 615
ecology 402, 227
e‐commerce 614
economic behavior 520
economic change 307, 310, 311, 312, 314
economic life, and state 545
economic man 548
economic organizations 48, 544
economic sociology 643
economic theory 193, 208, 310
economic utility 611
economics 82, 458
as evolutionary science 356–8
schools of 353–4
United States 352
Veblen on 13, 351, 352–6, 363
Economics and Sociology of Capitalism, The (Swedberg) 312, 313
Economics of Collective Action, The (Commons) 511–12, 519
economies of scale 216
economy 308, 545, 555
based on competition 69
changes 369, 371
condition of 76
industrial 364
non‐pecuniary 363
political 536
and society 365, 370
United States 112–13, 364, 366, 542, 551
Economy and Society (Weber) 29, 30, 135, 147, 152
Edelman, L. 521
Eden, R. 125
Edwards, L. 411
Edwards, P. 576
Edwards, R. 74, 94, 102
efficiency 54, 119, 128, 215, 216, 235, 403, 406, 529
economic 520
of empolyees 604
organizational 212, 218
reduction of 596
social constructions of 218–19
universal laws of 218
and workers 589, 595
egalitarian society 49–50
Egan, D. 78, 79
Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, The (Marx) 206, 208, 640
Elective Affinities (Hennis) 125
Elementary Forms of Religious Life, The (Durkheim) 10, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 207, 225, 644
Elger, T. 571
Elhammouni, M. 73
Elias, N. 12, 67, 168, 327–44, 636
Elkind, D. 186
Elkjaer, B. 425
Elmes, M. 392, 433
Elsbachm, K. 522
Ely, R. J. 296, 390
embarrassment, see shame and embarrassment
embedded agency 30
embeddedness 367
local 231
of markets 82
social 542–3
of texts 121
Emerson, R. M. 598
Emerson, R. W. 425
Emirbayer, M. 23, 217, 432, 472, 472 n.12
emotional labor 76
emotions 293, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 458, 466
and habits 456, 457–8
in organizational actions 457
empiricism 467, 469, 471, 486, 567, 569
employees 615
and communism 549
handicapped 596
employment 236, 286
bureaucratic 412
discrimination 389
equal 377
redefinition 235
relations 78, 234, 541
security 615
employment law agency, bureaucracy 596–8
empowerment 465, 480
emulation 358, 359, 360, 361
End of Organized Capitalism, The (Lash and Urry) 102
Engels, F. 63, 95, 100, 342
Engeström, Y. 73
England 330, 334
Enron 163, 168, 186
entertainment 412, 413
entrepreneurial governance, see New Public Management
entrepreneurship 12, 24–5, 26–7, 28, 162, 212, 316, 319, 644
behavior/conduct 160, 162–4, 321, 322
corporate 319–20
as a function 319, 320
individual 316–19
information on 31–2
studies 308–12, 314, 315, 321
typology 316, 321
environment 78, 92–3
degradation and environment 80
greenwashing 80–1
and organizations 92, 93, 94, 114, 527
resources 107
environmental selection 525–7
equal opportunities 377
equality 43, 389, 541, 544, 555
equilibrium 354, 356, 357, 358
Ernst, F. 458
Espeland, W. N. 126, 241, 641
Essed, P. 377, 389, 391
Established and the Outsiders, The (Elias) 327–8, 329
ethic of contribution 624, 626
ethics 146, 147, 149, 426
agency 167
behavior 550
of office 147, 150–1, 153–4, 155–6, 157, 158, 168, 169 see also Lebensordnung
ethnicity, see race
ethnocentrism 344
ethos 149
of bureaucratic office 155, 163, 166, 167
civil servants (Britain) 164
egalitarian 601
Etzioni, A. 122
eugenics 381
Europe 44, 64, 108, 208, 225, 367, 368, 376, 378, 380, 381, 386, 640
Evan, W. 112, 113
Evans, P. 367
Evans, P. B. 367, 639
events, dissertations on 411
evolutionary theory 356, 357–8, 422, 425
exchange‐value 65, 66, 80
executive leadership 162
experience 424–5, 426, 427, 429, 430–1, 432, 433–5, 437, 482
and behavior 458
Dewey on 450
Follett on 471, 473
and habits 471
human 528
in large organizations 541
and learning 457
Experience and Nature (Dewey) 470
expertise 592, 597, 619
experts 472
power struggles 568, 576
exploitation 68
and conflict 73
and control 74, 76
of labor surplus 66
wage‐based 64
of workers 74
expressivism 167–8, 169
Eylon, D. 465, 480
factory owner 316, 318
factory system 334–5
factory work 71, 335
factory workers 591–2
Fagan, P. 110, 111
fairness 234, 524
Fama, E. F. 184
family 410, 412
Fantasia, R. 76, 77
Faris, E. 410
fashion 249, 260–3
fast capitalism 270
Fayol, H. 121
Featherstone, M. 232
federalism 476
Feenstra, R. C. 367, 370
Fein, L. 123
Feldman, M. S. 445, 455
Felton, N. 79
feminism 82–3
production and reproduction 83
theory 465
Ferdman, B. 390
Ferguson, K. 389
Fernandez‐Mateo, I. 270 n.3
Ferraro, F. 303
feudalism 202
fiduciary system 610
(p. 657) figurations 332, 341, 343, 344
factory work 335
Finance Capitalism (Hilferding) 102
finance management 214–15
financial capital 110
financial markets 98, 366
Fincham, R. 576
Fine, G. A. 15, 489, 490, 494, 497, 501
Fineman, J. 338
Finkelstein, S. 188, 189
Fiol, C. M. 318, 429, 457
firm, economic theory of 547
Fischbacher, U. 458
Fischer, H. M. 189
Fisher, R. 528
Fiss, P. C. 10, 134, 224, 229, 229 n.1, 230, 238
Fitzhugh, G. 381
Fleck, L. 644
Fleichmann, E. 125
Fleming, P. 132, 282, 283
Fletcher, J. 327
Fligstein, N. 93, 105, 213, 214, 215, 216, 218, 367, 496, 549 n.13
Florida, R. 72, 249
Foley, D. K. 65
Folkways (Sumner) 381
Follett, M. P. 14, 15, 464–7, 467 n.5, 468–82, 636–7
Folta, T. B. 318
Forbes, L. C. 81, 109
Ford, L. 57
Fordism 641
Forelle, M. 186
formal organizations, United States 401–2
Foss, N. J. 352
Foster, J. B. 80
Foucault, M. 135, 136, 267, 331, 336, 342, 640
founder (promoter) 317, 318
four functions 610, 610–11, 616
Fourcade, M. 236
Fox, E. M. 467, 472–3, 473 n.13, 477
Fragment d'histoire future (Tarde) 250
France 42, 43, 45, 50, 53, 204, 207, 218, 225, 248, 251, 327, 329–30, 342, 567
Frank, A. G. 107
Frank, R. H. 193
Frankfurt School 82, 640
Frazier, F. S. 389 n.8
free market 546
free will 423–4
freedom 58–9, 274, 299–300, 550, 555
of association 44
human 608
individual 58, 284, 513
and modernity 286
of movement 286
and secret society 276, 278
and workers 272–3
Freeman, A. R. 426
Freeman, J. 93, 107, 181, 228, 525, 527, 531, 600
Freeman, R. 112, 113
French Revolution of 1789 52–3, 54–5
Friedland, R. 21, 23, 29, 30, 134, 169
Friedman, M. 556
Frenkel, M. 392
Frieberg, M. 569
Friedman, A. 74
Friedman, M. 111
Friedman, R. A. 296
Friedman, T. L. 229, 231, 232
Frisby, D. 273, 300, 302
Frost, P. 83
Fry, B. 465, 467 n.2, 475, 477
Fujimoto, T. 616
functionalism 65, 73, 124, 125, 139, 228, 417
and Elias 332, 333
organization theorists 213
paradigms 572–3
structural 201
versus dialecticalism 64, 81
fundamental ideas 7, 21, 22, 23, 24, 27–8, 30–1, 32
futurity 516, 517, 518
Gabarro, J. J. 389
Gabriel Tarde on Communication and Social Influence (Clark) 247
Gaebler, T. 158, 159, 165
Galbraith, J. K. 100, 551, 552
gales of creative destruction 24, 28, 33
Gallagher, C. 377
Gamble, A. 168
Game, A. 83
games in the workplace 77
Gamson, W. A. 181
Gang, The (Thrasher) 414
gangs 414
Gannett, R. 41, 42, 45
Garfinkel, H. 127, 136, 211, 426
Gartner, W. B. 316
Garud, R. 436
Gaus, J. M. 585
Gecas, V. 436, 437
Geer, B. 505
Geertz, C. 201
Geiger, R. L. 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253 n.11
Gelb, J. 181
(p. 658) gender 74
and race 390–2
Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact, The (Fleck) 644
geographical boundaries 232
Gereffi, G. 367
Gerhart, B. 185, 185 n.4
German Historical School 357
German Ideology, The (Marx and Engels) 63
Germans, The (Elias) 328
Germany 53–4, 57, 102, 114, 120, 122, 124, 134, 146, 155, 156, 161, 175, 176, 218, 330, 342, 469, 500
Gerschenkron, A. 352
Gerth, H. 176
Geuss, R. 151
Geyer, M. 368
Gibbons, R. 458
Gibbs, J. P. 224, 233, 237
Giddens, A. 82, 127, 224, 342, 436, 490, 530, 574, 576
Gillen, D. J. 316
Gillespie, R. 417
Gilley, K. M. 189
Gillis, W. M. 252
Gilovich, T. 193
Gilroy, P. 377, 383, 392
Gimeno, J. 318
Gioia, D. 427, 428
Giovannoni, O. 100
Girard, R. 253 n.13
Gittell, J. H. 627
Glick, W. H. 122
Glaser, B. G. 498
global economy 67, 368
global warming 135
globalization 79, 224, 226, 242, 292, 614
and communities 236
discourse on 229–34
and race 377
and solidarity 233–5, 237
Glynn, M. A. 219, 429
goal‐attainment institutions 610
and economy 626
and integration 617, 618
and power 613
goal displacement 587, 588, 596
Godfrey, P. C. 256, 426, 457
Goethe, J. W. von 125
Goffman, E. 15, 136, 201, 202, 206, 207, 208–9, 219, 269, 278, 278 n.15, 487 n.1, 500–5, 506
Gold Coast and the Slum, The (Zorbaugh) 413
Goldberg, D. T. 377
Goldblatt, D. 229
golden parachutes 187, 188
Golden‐Biddle, K. 457
Goldman, B. 389
Goldman, P. 82
Gong, Y. 322
Goodsell, C. 151, 159, 160
Goodwin, G. A. 378, 379, 380, 381 n.4, 381 n.5, 387
Goody, J. 333, 344
Gordon, C. 148
Gordon, D. 329, 330
Gordon, D. M. 94, 102, 329, 330, 615
Gordon, P. C. 454 n.5
Gordon, R. 134
Goss, D. 321
Gossett, T. F. 381, 381 n.6
Gottfried, H. 77
Goudsblom, J. 327, 329 n.1, 331
Gouldner, A. 122, 126, 134, 488, 560–1, 565, 566, 568, 569, 570, 573, 575, 586, 588, 589, 590–1, 593, 594, 595, 598, 600, 601, 602, 604
Gouldner, A. V. 16, 17
governance
coporate 341
transnational 236
governments
administration 169
agencies 593–4
bureaucracy, France 567
business management in 166
machinery of 167
modern systems 155, 159–60
paternalism 54
Gracián, B. 338
Graham, G. 76
Graham, L. 74
Graham, P. 464, 467
Gramsci, A. 77, 79, 84, 104
Granovetter, M. 269, 277, 321, 367, 520
grass roots ideology 561, 562, 563
Graziano, E. 487 n.1
Green, D. S. 379, 383
Greenstone, J. D. 469
Greenwood, R. 122, 128, 134, 522, 573
Grenier, G. J. 76
Great Transformation, The (Polanyi) 16, 536
Greif, A. 208
Greve, H. R. 187
Grillo, R. 378
Grimes, D. 390
Grimshaw, D. 79
Gronow, J. 129
groupthink 176, 192
(p. 659) group 299–301
attachment to 203, 204–5
conflict 376
Follett on 470
identity 294
industrialization 496
integration 297
leaders 298–9
membership 271, 278, 293
multiple affiliations 300, 304
processes 400, 473, 477
size 296, 297
stability 297
Gruchy, A. G. 352
Grugulis, I. 74
Grundrisse (Marx) 64, 67, 273 n.7
Guerrier, Y. 390
Guillén, M. F. 218, 224, 229 n.1, 235, 241
Guillory, J. 638
Guillot, D. 201, 228, 236
Guizot, F. 42
Gulick, L. 585
Gupta, V. 596
Gusfield, J. R. 494
Gutek, B. 389
Gutman, H. 375, 376
gypsum industry 564, 589–90
blue‐collar workers 598
bureaucratization 591–2, 595
formal reporting 595
rules 589–91
Haack, S. 425 n.1
Haas, J. E. 177
Haas, P. 236
Haber, S. 403, 408
Habermas, J. 152, 157, 271
habits 447, 448, 450–1, 482, 522
and actions 458, 511
Aristotle on 451
Dewey on 451–4, 456
and emotions 457–8
and human nature 449–50
habitus 330, 335, 338
changes in 339, 343
formation 334, 340, 343, 344
France 327, 330
Hacking, I. 128
Haddon, R. 571
Hage, J. 122
Hägerstrand, T. 135
Hales, C. 76
Hall, B. J. 187
Hall, R. H. 177, 190
Hall, S. 384, 391
Hallett, T. 15, 490
Hallock, K. F. 189
Hambrick, D. C. 189, 318
Hamelink, C. J. 232
Hamilton, G. 12, 13
Hamilton, G. G. 12, 13, 367, 370
Hannah, M. T. 93, 107, 135, 136, 137, 228, 525, 527, 531, 600, 604
Hannan, M. T. 93, 107, 228, 525, 527, 531, 600, 604
Harding, S. 83
Hardy, C. 436, 577
Hargrave, T. J. 524, 531
Harms, J. B. 225
Harquail, C. V. 427, 429
Harrison, B. 79
Harrison, J. R. 188
Harter, L. G. 511
Hartmann, H. I. 83, 315 n.13
Harvard Business School 618
Harvey, D. 80, 282
Hasu, M. 74
Hatch, M. 429
Hatch, M. J. 256, 427, 429, 457
Haugaard, M. 131
Haveman, H. 16, 213
Hayek, F. 16, 68, 536, 537 n.3, 538, 539, 542, 544, 544 n.8, 545, 556
Hazelrigg, L. 125
Heaphy, E. 435
Hecksher, C. 17, 236, 577, 615, 615 n.1, 616, 617, 624
hedonism 356
Hegel, G. W. F. 120, 121, 227, 256, 385, 467, 468, 469, 476
hegemony 77, 79, 80, 104–5, 112
declining 97
investor 105–6
shareholders 113
United States 111
West 386
Heinrichs, M. 458
Held, D. 229
Henderson, A. M. 124, 126
Henderson, C. R. 404
Henisz, W. J. 235
Hennis, W. 125, 148, 149, 150, 151, 157
Herbst, A. 409
Herfindahl Index 237–8
Herrschaft 125–6, 131, 133
Hester, D. M. 460
Heydebrand, W. 177
Hiatt, S. 9, 10
Hickson, D. J. 121, 122, 177
(p. 660) hierarchical tansaction, see managerial transactions
Higginbotham, R. B. 386
high commitment organization 270, 283–4
Hildebrand, D. 425 n.1
Hilferding, R. 102
Hill, C. W. L. 184
Hill‐Collins, P. 386, 388
Hiller, E. T.
Himmelberg, C. P. 187
Hindess, B. 159
Hinings, C. R. 121, 122, 128, 134, 177, 178
Hirsch, P. 10
Hirsch, P. M. 10, 123, 134, 224, 229, 229 n.1, 230, 238, 496, 521, 573
Hirschhorn, L. 72, 75
Hirschman, A. 208
Hirschman, A. O. 208, 537
Hirst, P. 377
History of Commercial Partnership (Weber) 120
History of Economic Analysis (Schumpeter) 312
Hoang, H. 31
Hobbes, T. 205, 608
Hoch, S. V. 428, 455, 456 n.7, 457, 458
Hochschild, A. R. 76
Hodson, R. 78, 590
Hoel‐Green, A. 10
Höpfl, H. 152, 257
Hoffman, S. 94
Hofstede, G. 211, 218
Hogler, P. 76
Hold, R. P. F. 353
Holl, P. 184
Holland, D. 431, 435, 437
Holland, S. P. 392
Holt, E. 469, 470
Holyoak, K. 454 n.5
Homans, G. 23
homo clausus 332–3
Honeywell 614, 618, 619, 622
Hood, C. 279, 280, 281
Hook, S. 73
Hooks, B. 386
Hoopes, J. 469 n.9
Howitt, P. 27
Hrebiniak, L. G. 122
Hubbard, R. G. 187
Hughes, E. 15
Hughes, E. C. 15, 247, 248 n.4, 250, 251, 252 n.10, 263, 376, 417, 489, 497–500, 505, 506
Hughes, M. 569
Hughes, S. 187
human action/activities 63, 73, 609, 643–4
human agency 107, 422, 490, 525, 571, 575
human behavior 208, 491
human conduct 148, 379
human intelligence 490–1
human nature 357, 449
Human Nature and Conduct (Dewey) 447, 448, 451, 452, 455, 472
human relations 376, 417, 554
humiliation 339–40
Hunt, S. 298
Hunter, I. 151, 153, 154, 157, 169
Huntington, S. P. 392
Huntzinger, J. 457 n.8
Hurtado, A. 386
Hybels, R. C. 31
Hyman, R. 75, 77
Hymer, S. 79, 80
hyper‐rationalism 217–18
Ibarra, H. 435
I‐G interchanges 619 f(a), 619 f(b), 623
idealism 15, 227, 467, 468, 469, 482
ideas 70, 643
historical context of 63
identification, technologies of 255–6
identity 82, 249, 256–7, 391, 437
concepts of 421–2, 426–7, 431–2, 434, 435
construction 256, 431, 435
corporate 426
dynamics 431, 432, 336, 437
formation 428, 429, 434
and globalization 377
and group membership 271
human 421
paradigm 255
and stability 432
ideology 98
Marxist theory 104
means of control 76, 77
idiocy
craft 79
rural 67
idiotes 67
Ilyenkov, E. V. 64
image 427
imitation 249
of desire 253 n.13
and invention 258–60
immigration 380
Europe 378
United States 376
Imperial Germany and the Industrial Revolution (Veblen) 352
imperialism 69, 72, 79–80
(p. 661) incentive systems 457–8, 627
inclusion 628–9
incomes, see wages
India 342
individualism 28, 47, 50, 205, 207, 286, 357, 405, 474, 539, 540, 546, 553, 608
actions 512
autonomy 274–5, 281, 284, 285
and collectivism 473
creativity 276
and environments 356, 357–8
functions 332
loss of 281
relationships 292
sociological forms of 271–2
induction 609
and deduction 602–3
indulgency pattern 564–5, 589–90, 598
industrial capitalism 351
industrial democracy 475
industrial districts 79
industrial labor 282
industrial organization 352, 585–6
industrial psychology 410–11
industrial relations 414, 510
industrialization 368
division of labor 202–3
and social change 496
social solidarity 202
and workers 334
inequality 69, 225, 237, 241
and race 377, 382, 390–2
inflation dynamics 613, 627, 628, 629
of media 630
information
control of 184, 505
transfer 31–2
information technologies 370
Information Age 302, 304
informalization 337–8, 340
Inglehart, R. 342 n.5
Inglis, D. 225
Ingram, P. 521
innovation 74, 101, 315, 617
in advanced capitalism 311–12
and invention 261–2
organizational 219, 322, 577
process 321
Innovator's Dilemma, The (Christensen) 27
Innovator's Solution, The (Christensen) 27
insider trading 185–6
institutional change 510, 513–14, 516, 519, 522, 530
and conflict 523–5
institutional dynamics 407
institutional economics 365, 520, 521
Institutional Economics (Commons) 512
institutional logics 28, 29, 32, 33, 76, 169
institutional theory 102–3, 106–7, 114, 134, 135, 139, 200, 213, 214, 301, 510
Commons on 519, 520–31
institutionalism 352, 353, 402, 408, 497, 520, 586
inhabited 490, 491
new 573
institutionalization 522–3, 530, 574, 576, 593
Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and
Ceremony (Meyer and Rowan) 212
institutions 147, 158, 169, 206, 236, 404, 474, 490, 522
Blumer on 496, 497
Commons on 510–11, 513, 524–9
dissertations 412–16
and Elias 344
Goffman on 501
Mead on 493, 496
integration 228, 476, 477, 478, 480–1, 613, 616
of actors/individuals 226, 294, 616
adaptive system 623, 625
collaborative enterprises 622 f
goal‐attainment institutions 617–18
institutions 616, 620, 620, 622
normative 615
value system 623
without value unity 623
intellectual small coinage 7, 21, 22, 27
interactionism 15, 487, 488, 489, 494, 504, 505, 628
classic 506
Hughes on 487
interchange paradigm 612, 612 f, 613, 617, 619 f, 626, 629, 630
interdependence 226, 233, 235, 236, 237, 239, 334, 335, 470, 514, 522–3
human 331, 332, 334, 341, 342
and proximity 336–7
social 330
subjectivity 341
(p. 662) interdependent process management 617, 619 f
internal life 609–10
International Typographical Union (ITU) 179, 180, 191
interorganizational power relations 562, 566, 567, 569
interorganizational relations 407, 520
interviews, use of 50–1
Intille, S. S. 458
intrapreneurship 26
inventions 249
and imitation 258–60
and innovation 261–2
and repetition 254
investors 113
investment capital 547, 548
investments 111
borrowing for 100–1
funds 69
Involvement and Detachment (Elias) 328
Irenius, L. 252
iron cage 127, 132, 156, 261, 490, 560
of bondage 132–3
of bureaucracy 118–19, 123
of rationality 109
Isherwood, B. 126
isomorphism 106–7, 134, 258, 259, 301, 499
mimetic 213, 259
Israëls, H. 329
Jack, G. 392
Jackall, R. 175, 615
Jacques, E. 137, 138
James, W. 14, 421, 422–38, 467, 468, 469, 472, 476, 483, 636
Janis, I. L. 176
Janowitz, M. 122
Japan 209, 211, 218, 367, 615
Jarausch, K. H. 368
Jardin, A. 41
Jenkins, J. C. 178, 181, 182
Jennings, P. 573
Jensen, M. 175
Jensen, M. C. 110, 111, 175, 184, 188
Jensen, M. F. 79
Jenssens, M. 392
Jermier, J. M. 76, 78, 81, 83
Jessop, B. 70, 102
Joas, H. 211, 422, 470, 473
Johnson, B. D. 223, 224
Johnson, C. 134
Johnson, C. S. 134, 389 n.8
Johnson, E. 427 n.2
Johnson, J. B. 228
Johnson, N. 166
Johnson, N. J. 166, 177
Johnson, P. 335
Johnston, W. B. 377
Jones, T. M. 112, 113
Jordan, G. 166
Jossa, B. 81
Joyce, W. F. 228
Joyce, W. J. 122
Judt, M. 368
Kadushin, C. 269
Kaesler, D. 123
Kahnemann, D. 320
Kalberg, S. 126
Kalecki, M. 99
Kamerschen, D. R. 184
Kandel, E. R. 458
Kane, A. A. 445
Kant, E. 113, 114, 121, 150, 271, 608, 609, 610
Kanter, R. M. 11, 12, 83, 292, 301, 302, 303, 615
Kantorowicz, E. 150
Karesh, M. 418
Kaufman, B. E. 522
Kaufman, H. 159
Kaysen, C. 641, 642
Keep, E. 74
Keith, W. M. 468 n.7
Kellner, D. 635
Kelly, J. 78
Kennedy, A. 228
Kennedy, M. T. 5
Kenney, M. 72
Kent, S. A. 125
Kerr, S. 596
Kets de Vries, M. 340
Khessina, O. M. 427
Khurana, R. 11, 12, 296, 298
Kieser, A. 334, 343
Kilminster, R. 327
Kirsch, D. A. 177
Kloppenberg, J. 467, 469
Knights, D. 78, 433
Knorr‐Cetina, K. 434
knowledge 71, 254–5, 618
about society 211
accumulation 8, 20, 73
development 616
Dewey on 210
Durkheim on 210–11
workers 71
knowledge‐based business firms 17
knowledge making 21
Kobrin, S. J. 232
Kochan, R. A. 510
Kolb, D. A. 425
Kole, S. R. 187
Kolko, G. 70
Komen, M. 329
Konrad, A. M. 377, 383, 389, 392
Koontz, H. 316
Kornberger, M. 432
Kosfeld, M. 458
Kotz, D. M. 102
Krackhardt, D. 270
Krempel, L. 238
Kristensen, P. H. 211
Krondratiev, N. 102
Kuehn, M. 114
Kuhn, T. 5, 20
Kukalis, S. 188
Kumaran, D. 458
Kunda, G. 21, 22, 23, 76, 200, 283, 284
Kurowski, L. L. 375, 376, 377
Kuzmics, H. 338
L‐I exchange 623, 625
Labaton, S. 188
labor 100–1, 404
and capital 74, 98, 99
as commodity 65
contract 273
force 66
formal subordination to capital 66
power 65, 66, 613
real subordination to capital 67, 74
suplus 65, 66
United States non‐farm 642 f
labor theory of value 65, 93–4
labor‐management disputes 523
labor‐management relations 66
Lachiotte, W. 431, 435
laissez‐faire 540–1, 542
Lamoreaux, N. 256
Lande, B. 604–5
Langton, J. 122
languages 465–6, 475, 476, 532, 613
Languedoc 55, 58
Larsen, M. H. 256
Lash, S. 102, 108, 232
Lassman, P. 146
Late Capitalism (Mandel) 102
Latouche, D. 232
Latour, B. 252, 253, 258, 260, 458 n.9
Lattman, D. 186
Lave, J. 73, 435
law of the situation 478, 479
Lawrence, P. R. 177, 573
Lawrence, T. 577
Laws of Imitation (Tarde) 247, 253
Layder, D. 574, 575
Layton, E. T. 128
Lazerson, M. 79
Lazzarato, M. 252, 254
Le Grand, J. 160
leader
and corporations 551, 552
selection of 320, 321
leadership
control of 191
culture 193
definition of responsibility 620
Follett on 480–1
of groups 191, 298
organizational 11–12, 177–8, 188, 456
and meaning 302
participatory 623
Selznick on 481
social movement organizations 180–2
Leadership in Administration (Selznick) 456, 457
learning 73, 447, 449, 482
creative element of 473
and experience 457
LeBaron, C. 458
Lebensführung, see conduct of life
Lebensordnungen, see life‐orders
Leblebici, H. 122, 518
Leerssen, J. 256, 256 n.16
Legal Foundations of Capitalism, The (Commons) 512
legitimacy 29
and authority 297
needs 573–4
in organizations 134
legitimation 612, 613, 628
Lehn, K. 184
Leibniz, G. 11, 251, 253, 253 n.13
leisure 249–10
Lemert, C. 387
leniency 589, 590
Leont'ev, A. N. 73
Lépinay, V. 252
Leuchtenberg, W. E. 546 n.9, 547 n.12
Levi‐Strauss, C. 201, 640
Levidow, L. 75
Levine, J. L. 445
Levinthal, D. 455
(p. 664) Levy, D. L. 76, 78, 79
Lewin, A. Y. 6, 7
Lewis, D. L. 377
Lewis, J. D. 487
Lewis, K. 389
liberal democracy 540–1, 548, 554
liberalism 16, 102, 541, 546, 547, 552, 555, 556
classic 538, 550, 552, 553
political theory 535, 538
principles of 545
United States 538–9
Liden, M. Van Der 71
Lie, E. 186
Liebman, J. B. 187
life/form 270, 274–6, 281, 284, 285
life‐orders 148, 153, 159, 166
life‐paths 135–6, 137–9
Lifschitz, A. 15
Lim, S. 627
limiting factors 516, 517, 518
Lincoln, J. 201, 204, 228, 236
Lindquist, S. A. 465
Lippitt, M. 122
Lippitt, S. M. 122
Lipset, S. M. 179, 180, 192, 193, 585
Littler, C. 572
Littler, C. R. 74, 572
Litvin, D. R. 392
Livers, A. 389
Locke, J. 205, 535, 540, 555
Logic (Dewey) 459–60
logic of appropriateness 456
logic of consequences 456
Lohmann, S. 278
Lonely Crowd, The (Riesman) 554
Longworth, R. C. 238
Loomba, A. 392
Lopez, S. H. 76
Lopez, S. J. 438
Lorbiecki, A. 392
Lorsch, J. W. 177
Lott, T. L. 380, 383
Loughlin, M. 158
Lounsbery, M. 5, 9, 39 n.1, 41, 118, 119, 120, 122, 123, 132, 134, 219, 268, 496, 573
Lovejoy, A. O. 488 n.2
loyalty 614–15, 624
community of 615
traditional 615
Lublin, S. S. 188
Luckmann, T. 202, 207, 208, 523
Luhmann, N. 248, 252, 263
Lui, T.‐L. 368
Lukács, G. 83
Lukes, S. 82, 201, 204, 271, 576
Lunt, P. S. 417 n.4
Lupton, T. 122
Luria, A. R. 73
Lyotard, J.‐F. 261, 262
McAdam, D. 134, 182, 523, 524, 531, 556
McAdams, D. P. 134, 182, 429, 429 n.3, 431, 436, 523, 524, 531, 556
MacAlpine, M. 390
McAuley, J. 335
McCall, L. 390
McCarthy, J. 524
McCarthy, J. D. 181, 524
McClelland, D. C. 28, 29
McCloskey, D. 251
McConnell, J. J. 187
McCraw, T. 313
McDermott, J. J. 421, 423, 424, 429, 430, 469
McDermott, R. 434
Macdonald, K. M. 122
McGovern, C. 368
McGrath, R. 577
McGrew, A. 229
McGuire, G. M. 389
machine politics 408
machine shop 598
McHugh, D. 73, 82
MacInnes, J. 75
MacIntyre, A. 169, 429, 432, 436
McKee, J. B. 380, 380 n.2, 381, 382, 389, 389 n.8
McKendrick, N. 334
MacKenzie, D. 75
Mackenzie, K. 122
MacKey, A. 445
McLean, B. 186
Macomber, J. H. 465, 466, 470
macroeconomics 361
macrostructuralism 506
Mael, F. A. 427
Maguire, S. 436
Main Currents in Sociological Thought (Aron) 40
Maines, D. R. 496
Makowsky, M. 176
malfeasance 277
Malmendier, U. 458
Malthus, T. 526
management 75, 482
core competence 215
history 376
industrial 408
leaders 183–4
perspectives 465
roles 316
succession 589
(p. 665)
theories 121
types 279–80
management guru 465
managerial cadres 562–3
managerial power 562, 568
managerial rewards 180, 188, 596
managerial transactions 515, 516, 518, 522
managerialism 578
managers 211, 317, 318
and decision‐making 210
loss of confidence in 628
professional 548
Mandel, E. 102
Manicas, P. 574
manners:
books 338
changing 327, 330, 334–5
differentiation 337
France 330
Manning, P. 501
Mansbridge, J. 456
Mantere, S. 425
manufacturing 367, 598, 642
United States 642 f
March, J. 155, 169
March, J. G. 4, 30, 155, 169, 174, 175, 202, 209, 210, 211, 217, 311 n.8, 321, 448, 456, 539, 569, 570, 641
Marchand, R. 366
Marens, R. S. 8, 80, 112
Margalit, A. 251
marginalization 233, 234 see also blacks
Marglin, S. 75
Margolis, J. 614, 618
market 31, 69, 70, 93, 545, 562
creation 160–2
domination 284
economics 546
economy 273, 286–7, 364, 365
exchange 547, 548
profession 361
and state 542, 550
market society 537, 539, 541, 542, 544, 547, 549, 550, 551
marketing transactions, see bargaining transactions
Markowitz, L. 215
Marquis, C. 20, 30, 132
Mars, G. 277, 278 n.14
Marsh, S. 390
Marshall, A. 353, 643
Martin, A. W. 78
Martin, D. D. 501
Martin, J. 211, 233, 237, 445, 457
Martindale, D. 121
Marx, K. 8, 72–3, 79, 80–3, 94, 100, 101, 103, 112, 121, 178, 201, 206, 208, 227, 228, 241, 249, 250, 252, 272, 273, 275, 342, 356, 364, 385, 388, 572, 608, 638, 639, 643
key ideas 63–71 see also political economy, Marxian
Marxian theory 93–4, 96–101, 102, 103, 105, 106, 107, 108–9, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114–15
Marxist organization studies 72–81
Marxist theory 62–3, 64–5, 70, 71–2, 73, 74–7, 80, 81, 83, 93–4
Martin, J. M. 22
Martin, W. T. 224
Marwell, G. 193
Mason, P. A. 318
mass marketing 366–8
Mastenbroek, W. 338, 339, 341
materialism 76, 82, 94
Mathews, A. 368
Matthew effect 30–1
Mattingly, C. F. 436
Mattson, K. 468
Mauss, M. 204, 258, 342 n.5
Max Weber and the Idea of Economic Sociology (Swedberg) 120
Mayo, E. 228, 402, 414, 416, 417, 475, 476, 586, 603
Mazlish, B. 229
Mead, G. H. 15, 387, 425, 427, 427 n.2, 432, 472, 474, 483, 487, 489, 490–2, 495, 496, 504, 506
meaning‐making 201, 204, 216–18, 495
collective 206
intersubjective 205
management of 432–3
social groups 206–7
Means, G. C. 111, 175, 182, 183, 184, 352, 538, 547, 548, 554, 641
Meckling, W. H. 184
media theory 613
Mehran, H. 187
Meiskins, P. 74
Melamed, J. 378, 392
Mélonio, F. 39 n.1, 41
Menand, L. 424, 446
Mendenhall, M. E. 465, 466, 470
Mennell, S. 327, 329 n.1, 333, 340, 344
mental patients 501–4
merchant 316, 318
Merk, J. 80
Merton, R. K. 5, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 24, 30, 121–2, 223, 229, 332, 569, 586, 587–8, 593, 596, 600, 602, 644
(p. 666) Messinger, S. 181
metaphysical pathos 488, 490, 493, 496
methodology 459, 460, 489–90, 520
Meyer, A. D. 6
Meyer, J. 522
Meyer, J. W. 200, 202, 212, 213, 236, 259, 260, 521, 522
Meyer, M. W. 596
Meyerson, D. 390
Mezias, S. J. 174, 175
Michels, R. 9, 22, 23, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 187, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193
middle class 69
Miethe, T. D. 78
Miettinin, R. 73, 74
Mill, J. S. 112, 602
Miller, D. 165, 340
Miller, D. L. 165, 340, 493
Milliband, R. 100
Mills, C. W. 176, 214, 555 n.21, 615
Mills, A. J. 392
mimesis 259
mimicry 402
Mind, Self, and Society (Mead) 491, 506
minds:
theory of 491 see also selves, and minds
mindlessness 446, 448, 451, 455
Miner, A. S. 527
Miner, J. B. 316, 322
miners 591–2
Manicas, P. T. 446
middle class 554
Minkoff, D. D. 181
Minsky, H. P. 100
Minson, J. 158, 169
Mintzberg, H. 316
Mirchandani, K. 389
Mische, A. 23, 432
Mitzman, A. 340
Mitroff, I. 228
Mitsuhashi, H. 177
Mizruchi, M. S. 78, 123, 183, 185, 191 n.7
mobilization 233
mock bureaucracy 564, 565, 592, 593
Modarres‐Mousavi, S. 460
Modern Corporation and Private Property, The (Berle and Means) 182, 547
modernity 129, 132, 133, 225, 259–60, 284, 340, 410
and freedom 286
impact on society 304
and women 272
Moe, R. 159
Möllering, G. 269
Mommsen, W. 148, 157
monads 248, 251, 253–4, 295
money 272–4, 301, 613, 627, 629
monopolies 101, 544–5
Monopoly Capitalism (Baran and Sweezy) 102
monotony 414
Monsen, R. J. 184
Montagu, A. 382
Montgomery, R. E. 409
moral agency 499
moral autonomy 167–8
moral crisis, Europe 225
moral density 227
moral responsibility 612
moral selection 526
moral theory 157
moral values 564
morality 152, 234, 451, 550–1
changing 327, 330
France 330
Morck, R. 187
mores, France 52–3
Morgan, G. 569, 570, 571, 572
Morrill, C. 500
Morrione, T. J. 496
Morris, A. 388, 389, 393
Morris, C. W. 491
Morton, N. O'R. 456
Moseley, F. 94
motivation 316, 316 t, 317, 319
Mouzelis, N. 134, 332, 336, 337, 343, 344, 560
Mozart: Portrait of a Genius (Elias) 329
Mucchielli, L. 248, 249 n.7
Mueller, F. 433
Mui, Y. Q. 188
Muldowney, M. 316
Mulgan, G. 167
multiculturalism 378
multinational corporations 79
Mumby, D. K. 77
Münch, R. 239, 608, 623
municipal bureaucracy 408, 409
Murphy, J. P. 423, 424, 425 n.1
Murphy, K. J. 71, 185, 187
Murrell, A. J. 296
Myrdal, G. 388
Nag, R. 428
Nakamura, J. 436
Nalebuff, B. 626
narrative theory 429, 430, 435
(p. 667) nationalism 131, 256
Natural History of Revolution, The (Edwards) 411
natural sciences 5, 6, 638, 643
natural selection 513, 526, 527, 528, 529, 531
Nayak, A. 382
Nedelmann, B. 275, 276
Nee, V. 367
negotiations 477, 514, 516, 517, 612
Negroes 379, 383–4, 385
Nelson, R. R. 96, 307, 312, 314, 445, 448 n.3, 455
neo‐institutionalism 76, 78, 122, 123, 436
neo‐Marxism 72, 73–4, 75, 77, 78, 79, 80
neoclassical economics 353, 356, 357, 358, 364, 365, 524, 525, 552, 607
Netherlands 104, 108
network theory 252, 269, 623
Neustadtl, A. 113
new combinations, see entrepreneurship
New Deal 562, 563, 565
new institutionalism 573 see also institutionalism
New Public Management (NPM) 158, 162, 164, 166, 268, 281
and ethics of office 158–60
New State, The (Follett) 465, 468, 469, 472, 473
Newell, A. 448, 457
newspapers 47–8, 413
Newton, T. 334, 337, 341
Nietzsche, F. W. 121, 125
Nisbet, R. A. 291
Nisbett, R. E. 209, 224
Nkomo, S. 13
Nkomo, S. M. 13, 375, 376, 377, 389, 390, 392
Nkosi, M. 79
Noble, D. F. 75, 108
Nolan, R. 27
non‐symbolic interaction 495, 497
Nord, W. 78, 83, 577
Norenzayan, A. 209
normative institutions 627
norms 259
social 629
North, D. 94
North, D. C. 521
North America 204, 567
Novak, W. 169
Nyland, C. 403
obedience 283
Obstfeld, D. 296, 457
Ocasio, W. 21, 22, 29, 30, 189
occupational groups 225, 233–4, 235, 498
determination of status 226
and globalization 236
O'Connor, E. 434
O'Connor, E. S. 434, 467, 468, 468 n.7
O'Connor, J. P. 189
Offe, C. 52 n.6
office 147, 169
acting outside of 163
ethics of 147, 150–1
limits of 156–7
personae 150, 152, 153–4
responsibilities 163–4
as tradable good 161–2
Ogburn, W. F. 554
Old Regime and the Revolution, The (Tocqueville) 40, 41, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 58
oligarchies
definitions 190
Germany 175
indicators of 192, 193
and organizations 176, 179, 181, 183, 189
Oliver, C. 527
Ollman, B. 64
Olsen, J. 155, 169
Olsen, J. P. 155, 169, 175, 456
Olson, P. 369
O'Mahoney, S. 303
On the Penitentiary System in the United States and its Application
in France (Tocqueville and Beaumont) 50
O'Neill, O. 285
ontology 465, 467, 470, 471, 472, 473, 475, 478, 482
and agency/structure dilemma 574
process‐based 577
open systems 609, 612–13
operations research 418
orders of life, see Lebensordnungen
O'Reilly, C. A. 188, 191
organization theory 118–19, 123, 133, 134, 138–9, 146, 174, 202, 248, 252, 254, 256, 258, 263, 269, 276, 292, 314, 320, 416, 419, 425, 445, 457, 465, 501, 504, 570, 603, 607, 609, 639
Organization Theory (Pugh) 121
organization‐environment relations 122
organizational adaptation 525–6
organizational behavior 174–5, 211, 292, 300, 304, 475
organizational change 419, 526, 528, 566, 574, 577, 578–9, 604
organizational character 450–1, 472
organizational culture 228, 445, 457
organizational design 586–7, 601, 603
organizational dynamics/statics 574, 577–8
organizational ecology 15–16, 414, 520, 525–8, 531, 604
organizational hybrids 562, 577, 578
(p. 668) organizational identity 391, 425, 426, 427–8, 429, 436, 437, 445, 457
organizational justice theory 465, 477
organizational learning 107–8, 425
Organization Man, The (Whyte) 552, 553, 554
organizational populations 525–6
organizational practices 435–6, 437, 445
organizational research 426, 455
Organizational Revolution, The (Boulding) 550
organizational rules 569, 587, 591
organizational sociology 200, 202, 209, 212, 217, 488–91, 493–4, 499, 506, 536, 585, 640
organizational ‘we’ 430–1
Orgnizational Weapon, The (Selznick) 45
organizations 412, 506
concept of 504–5, 577
culture of democratic conflict 179
of effective movements 181
elites 175, 178, 187, 189, 192
Follett on 476
growth 177
individuals 320–1
life 228, 292
Parsons on 609
structure 123, 319–20, 366, 402, 593
theories of 586, 588
Organizations (March and Simon) 209, 569
Orlikowski, W. 445
Ornstein, M. 78
Orren, K. 155, 157 n.3, 169
Orsato, R. J. 81
Osborne, D. 158, 159, 165
Ossinger, J. L. 193
Osterman, P. 178, 182, 183, 193
Ouchi, W. G. 122, 228, 615
outsourcing 11, 161–2, 235, 367
Overton, W. F. 24 n.1
ownership 352, 360
Ozawa, T. 352
Õzkazanç Pan, B. 392
Packer, A. 377
Painter, M. 161
pairs, see dyads
paleo‐Marxism 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80
Palia, D. 187
Palley, M. L. 181
Palmer, D. 78
parallel power relations 567, 568, 570
Pareto, V. 22, 23
Park, R. E. 388, 389, 410, 413, 414, 416, 418
Parker, L. D. 465, 466, 473, 475, 481, 482
Parker, R. 151
Parliament and Government in Germany Under a New Political Order (Weber) 153
Parsons, T. 17, 123, 124, 125, 126, 133, 174, 201, 225, 228–9, 332, 388, 417, 607, 608–9, 611, 611 n.1, 612, 612 f, 613, 615, 616, 618, 619, 619 f(a), 619 f(b), 621, 624, 625, 626, 627–8, 629, 630, 636
Partington, A. 249
Partner, S. 368
Partnoy, F. 97, 111
Passeron, J.‐C. 330
Passing of the County Jail, The (Queen) 414
Passions and the Interests, The (Hirschman) 208
paternalistic bureaucracies 624
paternalistic ideology 564
Paton, R. 165
Patrick, A. O. 193
paternalistic bureaucracies 620 f, 626
pattern maintenance 613
pattern‐in‐variety 458–9
Patterns of Industrial Bureaucracy (Gouldner) 17, 560
pauperism 50, 51
pecuniary economy 362, 363, 364, 365
and industrial system 366–7
Pedersen, J. S. 209, 219
Peirce, C. 425
Pels, D. 342
Peng, K. 209
Penrose, E. T. 352
Pentland, B. T. 445, 455
people
dissertations on 411–12
and interactionism 484, 494, 495, 497, 504
as non‐symbolic actors 496
in organizations 488, 490, 494
Pepper, S. 429 n.3
performance
evaluation 282
measurement 160, 164–6, 187, 284–5, 596
targets 165–6
Perlman, S. 532
Perraton, J. 229
Perroni, A. G. 376
Perrow, C. 3, 39, 134, 230, 239, 570, 571
Perry, N. 560, 570, 575, 579, 579
personae 149–50, 151, 152, 153, 155, 164, 169
of entrepreneurs 163
modern governments 155
of professional politicians 163
plurality of 169
personal life 301
Peters, T. 167, 169, 228
(p. 669) Petrovic, M. 12, 13, 366, 370
Pettigrew, T. F. 379 n.1
Pfeffer, J. 23, 39, 105, 527, 590, 603
Phenomenology of the Social World, The (Schutz) 207
Philadelphia Negro, The (Du Bois) 379
Phillips, D. C. 471
Phillips, N. 134
philosophy 355, 424, 425, 446, 469
Follett on 470, 482
pragmatist 464–5
Philosophy of Money (Simmel) 272
Pickering, W. S. F. 225
Pierson, G. 41, 45, 52 n.6
Pijl, K. Van der 72
Piore, M. J. 79, 643
Piskorski, M. J. 174
Pitsis, T. 435
Piven, F. F. 182
Plant, R. 161
Plantation, The (Thompson) 415
Platt, G. M. 611 n.1, 612 f, 619 f
Platt, J. 51
Plümper, T. 238
pluralism 271, 468, 469
Podolny, J. M. 21, 31, 231, 296
poison pills 187
Poland 410
Polanyi, K. 16, 536, 539, 540, 541 n.4, 542, 543, 543 n.6, 544, 545
polemical trap 72, 75
Polish Peasant in Europe and America, The (Thomas and Znaniecki) 410–11
political associations 43, 44
political behavior 523, 524
political domination, see domination, political
political economy 109, 536, 553
Commons on 511
Marxian 93–7, 99–100, 102, 103, 105, 106, 107, 109, 111, 112, 113, 114–15
United States 97–8
political leadership 154, 155, 157
Germany 161–2
political organizations 48
United States 45
political power 521–2
political sociology 539, 540
politicians 154
bureaucrats as 156
politics 134, 545
Commons on 523, 525
as vocation 150, 151, 157, 168
Germany 146
Politik als Beruf (Weber) 123
polity 610, 611, 612
Polkinghorne, D. E. 429
Pollard, S. 334
Polleta, F. 181
Pollitt, C. 159
Pollock, T. G. 189
Pólos, L. 604
Ponte, S. 79
Pope, W. 125, 223, 224
Popper, K. 416
population dynamics 527
population ecology 22, 78, 107, 122, 228, 418, 436, 644
population size 227, 232
Porras, J. 426, 432
Porter, M. E. 174
positivism 448, 569, 571
post‐race theory 383
Postmes, T. 193
Poulantzas, N. 100
poverty 69, 548
Du Bois on 385 see also pauperism
Poverty of Philosophy, The (Marx) 67
Powell, W. W. 93, 106, 133, 200, 213, 258, 259, 301, 573, 615, 635
power 80, 125, 138, 209, 303, 331, 334, 341, 576, 607, 627
Commons on 523, 524–5
dependency 570
Follett on 480
inequality 330, 342
and institutions 617–18
organizations 123, 177
Parsons on 613–14
relations 138, 566, 567–8, 569, 575, 598
theories 475
Weber on 125, 126, 130, 135
Power, M. 136, 164, 165, 284, 285
pragmatism 82, 124, 134–5, 210, 263–4, 355, 424, 425, 426, 437, 444, 446, 469, 470, 473, 474, 475, 477, 483, 491, 492, 643
philosophy 464–5, 467, 468
Prasad, A. 392, 392
Prasad, P. 377, 383, 389, 392
Pratt, M. 429
Pred, A. 135
prejudice 388–9
cognitive 389
Presthus, R. 122
Priem, R. L. 189
(p. 670) primitive communism 64
primitive classifications 216, 258
Primitive Classification (Durkheim and Mauss) 204
Principles of Economics (Marshall) 353
Principles of Psychology (James) 423, 430
Pringle, J. K. 377, 383, 389, 392
Pringle, R. 83
private property 540
prison system 50–1
problem‐driven research 20, 32, 33
problem‐solving strategies 209–10, 473
procedural memory 458
process theory 425, 431
production
bias 354, 356, 367
cooperation in 66
dialectical progression
forces of 64, 65, 70, 72, 76, 275
means of 64
modes of 64, 81
networks 79
role of 63
systems 225
productive activity 73, 75, 76
productivity 184, 240
Profession and Vocation of Politics, The (Weber) 147, 153, 156
professional‐client interaction 502
professions 498
associations 235, 236
profits 101, 160, 184
progressivism 402–3, 406, 409
property
distribution 549
ownership 518, 549
rights 515, 526
Prophet of Innovation (McCraw) 313
Prosser, W. L. 518
Protestant Ethnic and the Spirit of Capitalism, The (Weber) 28, 120, 135, 148
Proudfoot, K. 375
psyche
creation of 208–9
individuals' 224
Psychologie économique (Tarde) 251
psychology 275, 285, 292–3, 304, 423, 645
contemporary 458
economics 458
functional 470
public administration 162, 166, 585, 639
public benefits 538
public bureaucracies 158
public development 556
public good 175–6
and corporations 540, 548–9, 551
public sectors 147, 158
public sociology 490
Pugh, D. S. 121, 122, 177
Punamaki, R.‐L. 73
punishment‐centered bureaucracy 592–3
pure types 292–3
Putnam, R. 40, 301
Quack, S. 232
quality assurance 285
quality management 213–14
Queen, S. 414
Quinn, R. E. 435
Quinlan, M. 168 n.5
Qwest Communications 186
Rabaka, R. 380, 382, 385
race 13, 74, 375, 379, 380, 382, 383, 384, 385, 391–2
diversity 377, 383
and gender 386
identity 386–7, 390
and inequality 377
labor‐management relations 376
inferiority of non‐whites 381
in organization studies 377, 390–1
in organizations 378, 389, 392
social construction 382–3
sociology of 388, 392
United States 379, 381
Raikes, P. 79
Ramirez, F. O. 236
Ranson, S. 122
Rao, H. 436, 500
rational‐legal bureaucracy 124, 127
rationality 119, 120, 127, 128, 130, 133–4, 135, 147, 149, 152, 157, 211, 217, 529
bureaucratic 586, 639
Elias on 332
formal 126, 127, 129, 130, 133
myths 212
practical 126–7, 147
Simmel on 304
substantive 127, 133
traditional 129, 131
(p. 671) rationalization 147–9, 152, 568, 576
bureaucratization 569
of modern world 202
rationing transactions 515, 516, 518, 522
Rauch, J. 639
Ravasi, D. 445, 457
Rawls, A. W. 217, 387
Ray, L. 566
Re‐Inventing Government (Osborne and Gaebler) 165
realism 332, 357, 467, 469
reality 207, 209, 424
Reason, J. 320
reasonableness
behavior 510, 514, 520, 524, 527, 529, 531
unreasonable behavior 518
value 516
Recollections (Tocqueville) 41
recruitment 588, 594
reductionism 164–5
Reed, M. 16, 566, 569, 571, 574, 577
Reflections on a Life (Elias) 329
reflexive self 355
reform agenda 403
Regan, D. T. 193
regulation 102, 225, 226
in a good society 225
of individuals by norms 234
trade 236
United States 102
Reich, M. 94, 102
Reich, R. B. 301, 302
reification 332, 333
Rein, M. 477
relational power 576
relations 294–5, 295 t
relative autonomy 332
relative surplus‐value 66–7
religion 70, 292
ecology of city 414
religious systems 201, 203, 207, 210, 216–17, 241
religious fundamentalism 131
repetition 255
representative bureaucracy 592
reputation 617
Rerup, C. 455
research streams 25 t, 27–8, 32, 82
resistance 568
behaviors 77, 78
dynamics 630
Reskin, B. F. 83
resource dependencies 78, 105–6, 122, 184, 402, 413
resources, maintenance of general 610
responsibility 479, 480, 621
division of 239
restructuring 614, 627
retail, United States 642 f
Retzinger, S. M. 340
Revolution, The (Tocqueville) 52
Rhodes, C. 432
Ricardo, D. 238–9
Richardson, H. 75
Ridgeway, C. L. 134, 390
Riesman, D. 541, 554
Ringer, F. K. 93, 108, 277 n.11, 351
Rise of the Network Society, The (Castells) 135
Ritson, P. 465, 466, 475
ritual function 7, 21, 23–4
Ritzer, G. 120, 129, 147
Road to Serfdom, The (Hayek) 16, 536, 539, 544, 556
Robérioux, A. 80
Roberts, K. H. 445, 45
Roberts, L. M. 435, 436
Robertson, B. 75
Robertson, R. 225, 229, 232, 377
Robinson, J. A. 178 n.1
Rochberg‐Halton, E. 473
Roethlisberger, F. J. 217, 376, 417 n.4, 586, 598, 603
Rogers, E. 247, 250, 258
Rohr, J. 159, 166, 169
Rojek, C. 327
role playing 150
Romanelli, E. 427
Rorty, R. 424
Rosanvallon, P. 43
Rose, F. 33
Rose, N. 136, 164
Rose, S. M. 260
Rosenwein, B. 331
Rosile, G. A. 465, 470, 480
Ross, C. E. 83
Ross, D. 403, 408
Ross, P. E. 457
Rosser, J. B. 353
Roth, G. 370 n.9
Rothschild, J. 78, 81
Rothschild‐Whitt, J. 81, 180
Rousseau, D. M. 615
routine science 7, 14, 21, 23, 28, 31, 224
routines 617
activities 445, 447, 449, 452, 455–6, 458–9
elaboration of 617
transactions 513, 518, 519
(p. 672) Rowan, B. 200, 202, 212, 213
Rowley, T. J. 174
Roy, W. G. 111, 182 n.3, 215, 216, 218, 537, 598
royal despotism 56
Royce, J. 468, 469, 476
Royster, D. A. 390
Rubery, J. 79
Ruecht, D. 182
Rueff, M. 39, 120, 343 n.6
rule of law 529, 538
Rules of Sociological Method (Durkheim) 203, 204, 207
ruling‐class 70, 98, 100, 104, 113
and capital 110
Russell, R. 81
Russo, A. J. 100
Rutherford, M. 510
Rutherford, M. A. 473, 510
Ryan, L. V. 473
Ryan, R. M. 436
Rynes, S. L. 185, 185 n.4
Sabel, C. F. 615, 643
Sabel, C. J. 79
Sabl, A. 169
Sacchetti, S. 79
Sahlin‐Andersson, K. 232, 236
Salaman, G. 74, 572
Salancik, G. 23, 105, 122
salesmanship 361–2, 364
Sanders, W. G. 187
Sarbin, T. R. 429, 429 n.3
Sartori, G. 378
Sassatelli, R. 274, 274 n.8
‘satisficing’ and managers 210
Satow, R. L. 131
Saunders, D. 149
Sawchuk, P. H. 73
scarcity 514, 518, 519, 522, 523, 525, 551
biological 526
in economics 516
proprietary 526–7, 530
pyschological 526
Schatzki, T. R. 434, 435
Scheff, T. J. 339
Schein, E. H. 200, 209
Schiesl, M. J. 408
Schilling, M. 465, 466
Schleifer, J. 41, 49
Schluchter, W. 147 n.1, 351, 370 n.9
Schmaus, W. 227, 239
Schmitt, C. 286
Schnatterly, K. 189
Schneiberg, M. 134
Schön, D. 425, 477
School of Social Service Administration (SSA) 408
Schoonhoven, C. B. 6
Schroeder, R. 125
Schultz, M. 256, 427, 445, 457
Schumpeter, J. 12, 21, 24, 33, 68, 94, 96, 101, 102, 307–14, 314 f, 315–16, 316 t, 317–22, 644
Schumpeterian Hypothesis 311–12
Schutz, A. 124, 127, 207, 426
Schwartzman, K. C. 238
science 40, 250
of associations 46, 49
of mankind 150
as vocation 168
science and technology (SST) 253
Science as a Vocation (Weber) 149
scientific management 408
Scientific Management (Taylor) 217
Scimecca, J. A. 378, 379, 380, 381 n.4, 381 n.5, 387
Scott, A. 11, 160, 269, 283
Scott, J. C. 504
Scott, R. 39
Scott, W. R. 123, 134, 190, 213, 496, 521, 522, 523, 531, 556, 573, 586 n.1, 642
Scully, M. 76, 390, 490
Searcey, P. 186
Seckler, D. 519
secrecy