- The Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Nietzsche and the Family
- Nietzsche and Women
- Nietzsche’s Illness
- Nietzsche and the Greeks
- Nietzsche and Romanticism: Goethe, Hölderlin, and Wagner
- Nietzsche the Kantian?
- Schopenhauer as Nietzsche’s “Great Teacher” and “Antipode”
- Influence on Analytic Philosophy
- The Themes of Affirmation and Illusion in <i>the Birth of Tragedy</i> and Beyond
- ‘Holding on to the Sublime’: On Nietzsche’s Early ‘Unfashionable’ Project
- The Gay Science
- Zarathustra: ‘that Malicious Dionysian’
- Beyond Good and Evil
- Nietzsche’s <i>Genealogy</i>
- Nietzsche’s <i>Antichrist</i>
- Beholding Nietzsche: Ecce Homo, Fate, and Freedom
- Nietzsche’s Metaethical Stance
- Nietzsche and the Arts of Life
- Nietzsche on Autonomy
- The Overman
- Order of Rank
- ‘A Promise Made is a Debt Unpaid’: Nietzsche on the Morality of Commitment and the Commitments of Morality
- Will to Power: Does it Lead to the “Coldest of all Cold Monsters”?
- Life’s Perspectives
- Nietzsche’s Naturalism Reconsidered
- Nietzsche’s Philosophical Aestheticism
- Being, Becoming, and Time in Nietzsche
- Eternal Recurrence
- Nietzsche’s Metaphysical Sketches: Causality and will To Power
- The Psychology of Christian Morality: Will to Power as Will to Nothingness
- Nietzsche’s Philosophical Psychology
- Nietzsche On Life’s Ends
- Subject Index
- Name Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article revisits the author’s influential account of Nietzche as a philosophical naturalist. It identifies the sources of Nietzsche’s position in the German naturalism of the mid-nineteenth century, in particular the work of Friedrich Lange. His naturalism is, however, “speculative” in that he postulates causal mechanisms not confirmed by science. Nietzsche’s ambition to explain morality naturalistically coexists with a “therapeutic” ambition to induce some readers to escape from morality. The article also addresses doubts that might arise against reading Nietzsche as a naturalist.
Brian Leiter is Karl N. Llewellyn Professor of Jurisprudence and Director of the Center for Law, Philosophy and Human Values at the University of Chicago. He is the author of Nietzsche on Morality (Routledge, 2002) and Why Tolerate Religion? (Princeton, 2013), and co-editor of Nietzsche (Oxford Readings in Philosophy, 2001), The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy (2007), and Nietzsche and Morality (Oxford, 2007). His many articles on Nietzsche have appeared in Ethics, Philosopher’s Imprint, Oxford Studies in Metaethics, European Journal of Philosophy and elsewhere.
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