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date: 09 December 2019

(p. 929) Subject Index

(p. 929) Subject Index

Aberration (in electron microscope) corrections, 207–214
atomic resolution spectroscopy, 213
comparison between TEM and STEM, 208–209
correction of lens aberrations, 207–208
phase contrast and Z-contrast imaging, 211–213
spectroscopy theory—optical scattering, 214–215
sub-Ångstrom resolution, 209–211
three-dimensional imaging, 214–215
AC susceptibility measurements, 723–725
Adsorbed/absorbed mass, 250–251
Advantages of normal AFM probes, 299–301
AFM cantilever, 291
Alignment index, 853
from GIXRD, 855–856
from XRD, 853–855
its determination, 806
Algorithmic assembly of DNA nanostructures, 877–878
Amplification template, 918
Analysis of NW bending using XRD and GIXRD, 852–859
Analytic modelling, 261–271
Anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR), 799–801
Anisotropy in magnetic particles, 716–719, 789–793
exchange anisotropy, 718, 790
shape anisotropy, 717, 789
stress anisotropy, 718
surface anisotropy, 718
Anisotropy of exchange coupling, 760–761
Analyte-induced expansion, 251
Anodic-alumina membrane (AAM), 590, 773, 778–784
templates, 590
Anomalous Hall effect, 634, 636, 652
Antibody–DNA conjugate, 908–910
Antibonding states, 108
Applications as transparent conductive coating, 173–176
Applications of zeolites in adsorption of environmental contaminants, 675–679
Applications of zeolites in environmental catalysis, 666–675
Artificial DNA–protein nanostructures as supramolecular building blocks, 893–900
ATR spectroscopy, 288
Ballistic GaAs heterostructure quantum wires, 557
Band structure of Rh-C60, 749
Basic properties distinguishing between metallic and semiconducting nanotubes, 145–148
Beamsplitters, 352
Bethe–Salpeter equation (BSE), 20–22
Bio-bar-code technology, 920
Biomarkers, 321–328
Biomedical—cell fingerprint, 323–325
Biomedical research–nanomolecular cellular alterations, 285–286
Bioseparation technology, 713
Bonding orbitals, 145
Border states and their magnetism in BNC nanosheet, 107–109
Boundaries in planar and tubular nanostructures, 102
Brilliant benchtop IR source, 297–298
Brillouin zone (BZ) of nanotubes, 143–144
hexagonal (BZ), 143
Burstein–Moss shift, 640
Burton, Cabrera and Frank (BCF) model, 545
C60 (fullerene), 94–101, 110–112, 398–401, 467
polymers based on, 745–769
Cancer, 286, 318, 321–325
Cantilevered MWCNT, 279–281
Capacitance model, 266–267
Carbon-based polymers, 745–769
Carbon nanomaterials, 94–136
electronic properties, 108–156
Carbon nanostructures, 365
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), 31–81, 141–177, 438–470
defects and disorder in, 31–81
divacancy in, 34–38
hybrid structures of, 124–134
on metal surfaces, 124–127
on Si surface, 127–130
structure of, 124
topological line defects in,
and their magnetic properties, 122–124
Carbon vacancies (Cvv), 33
Cervical cytology, 312
Characterization of individual nanotubes, 51–55, 60–69, 71–77, 161
Characterization of iron-oxide NWs, 829–830
Characterization techniques for metallic and semiconducting nanotubes, 142–177
D-mode, 158–159
G-mode, 159
nanotube spectrum, 154–156
optical methods, 151–156
Raman spectroscopy, 156–159
RBM (radial breathing mode), 158
transmission spectroscopy, 152–153
(p. 930) Charge-density wave (CDW), 745, 746
Charge ordering in manganites, 240–243
Chemical solution (CS) methods, 538, 548–549
Chemical warfare agent (CWA), 675
Chirality changing, 37
Chirality-dependent Raman intensity, 16
Chirality-sensitive chemical reactions, 163–170
Classical Landau solution, 407
Coherence length, 406
temperature dependence, 406
Comparison of sensitivity and resolution of various magnetic field probes, 409
Composite fermions, 496–497
Configuration interaction (CI) effect, 746, 764
models based on (CIMs), 748–750
Confocal resonance Raman spectroscopy, 6–7
Controlling the alignment of nanorods/nanobelts, 589–591
Cooper pairs, 406
Core and shell nanocrystals, 218–220
Corrections in zone-folding picture, 149–151
curvature effect, 149
electronic transitions, 151
excitons in nanotubes, 151
pseudogap, 150–151
Curie temperature, 688
Curvature effects, 509
CVD (chemical vapor deposition), 161, 250, 545–547, 801
plasma-enhanced PECVD, 776
Damping, 252
Damping Q-factor and sensitivity, 263–264
Dark and bright excitons, 19–20
Data analysis, 311–319
DC magnetization, 721–723
Defect-induced charge and spin transfer, 757–759
Defect-induced structural and electronic features, 752–757
Defects and disorder (in CNTs), 119–124
categorization of, 32–50
experimental identification of, 50–68
Density of states (DOS), 147
Designer materials, 183
DFT (density-functional theory) based calculations, 114, 693
Different nanowire morphologies, 841–842
Diffusion length, 305
Diffusion thermopower, 483–485
Diffusive regime, 506–507
Diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS), 632, 633, 746, 757
Disorder (D) induced band, 2
Disorder (in CNTs) introduced through processing, 43–47
additional oxidation and functionalization, 45–46
mechanical processing, 46
purification, 43–45
Disorder in CNT materials, 47–50
DNA amplification, 919–921
DNA arrays, 870, 871, 873, 874
DNA based self-assembled nanostructures, 878–886
DNA building blocks and assembly strategies, 868–878
DNA-directed immobilization (DDI), 900–910
DDI arrays, 904
DDI hybridization, 901
DNA ladders, 870
DNA linkage, 902
DNA marker, 911, 915, 920
DNA-mediated signal amplification, 920
DNA nanotechnology, 868
DNA octahedron, 870, 876
DNA–protein conjugates and their applications, 892–921
DNA sequence, 902
DNA strands, 896
DNA template, 920
DNA tiles, 872–873
Doping and dedoping, 170–173
Double cross-over (DX) DNA tiles, 870–872, 876, 877, 879, 883
Double quantum wells, 494–496
Double resonance Raman scattering, 10–11
Double-wall (walled) nanotubes (DWNTs), 1, 113, 465–470
quantum effects on capacitance of, 115–119
their peculiarities, 112–119
EDX, 469, 784
Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS), 439, 447, 448, 784
Electronic band structure of ZnO, 529–530
schematic diagram, 530
Electrostatic force and equation of motion, 264–265
Elastic scattering of electrons and the D-band, 16–17
Elastic scattering of photons, 17
Electrical properties of ZnO, 530–533
Electrochemical and chemoselective labelling of defects, 57–62
Electrodeposition, nanowires, 801
Electron-beam evaporation (EBE), 774
Electron transport within 2D Boltzmann approach, 481–483
Electronic structure of nanotubes, 141, 147
Energy band structures (of nanomaterials), 114
Environmental disorder (in CNTs), 39–42
substrate effects, 40–42
weakly bound adsorbates, 39–40
Environmental applications of nanocrystalline zeolites, 683
Excitation emission map, 160
Exciton phenomena in Raman and PL spectra, 22–23
Exciton physics, 3
Excitons in nanotubes, 151
Exchange anisotropy, 718
Exchange bias field, 718
Exchange interaction energy, 715
Extended penetration depth in thin films, 423–428
Extra framework alumina (EFAL), 665–666, 669, 670, 674
Ferroelectric nanoparticles, 703–708
their unusual structural phases, 703–705
their phase transformation between vortex structures and polarization structures, 705–708
Ferroelectric perovskites, 688
Ferroelectric random accessed memory (FRAM), 691
Ferromagnetic nanostructures, 827
Ferromagnetic resonance (FMR), 811–813
Fiber-based evanescent-field analysis (FEFA), 288
devices (FRAM), 705
(p. 931) Field emission applications of ZnO nanostructures, 557–559
Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), 828–829
Filling MWNT, 439–442
Filling SWNT, 442–443
First-principles-derived effective Hamiltonian, 701
Flat-band state, 102–103
Flux quantum, 407
FTIR microspectroscopy, 286, 290, 296
Focal plane array (FPA), 287
Functionalization and chromate adsorption of nanocrystalline zeolites, 677–679
Gas sensing, 277–279
Generalised McConnell model, 766–767
Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in multilayered nanowires, 801–803
measurements of (GMR), 801
oscillations in, 802
Ginzburg–Landau (GL) theory, 406
Ginzburg–Landau equations, 406–407
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), 880–884, 886
Graphene (GR), 1
crystal structure of, 3–5
Graphene-like (G) band, 2, 11–18, 24
Grazing incidence XRD (GIXRD), 850–851
spectrum, 850
Growth and morphology of Sb nanorods and Bi nanobelts on inert substrates, 582–592
Growth mechanism of iron-oxide nanosheets, 847–848
Growth mechanism of iron-oxide nanowires, 843–844
Growth of branched II–VI compound nanorods, 591–592
Growth of ZnO nanostructures, 538–549
GW correction, 20–22
Harmonic detection of resonance (HDR) methods, 249–282
Hierarchical assembly of DNA nanostructures, 873–875
Hierarchical zeolite structures, 679–682
High spatial resolution in near-field FTIR spectroscopy, 304
Highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG), 574, 576–577
Holographic laser processing, 337, 340
for 3D photonic lattices, 337–362
one-shot-four-beams, 340–342, 347, 349
three-shots-three-beams, 342, 343, 349
Honeycomb structure of graphene sheet, 142, 143
H–T phase diagram, 408
Hybrid DFT approach, 749
Ice in CNTs, 130–134
Immuno-PCR, 911–921
Inelastic neutron scattering, 728–730
Influence of local environment and substrate microstructure on NW growth, 842–844
Infrared spectroscopy, 286
Inorganic–organic hybrid materials, 600–602
In-situ TEM observation of SWNTs, 447
Intermediate frequency mode (IFM), 2
Intestinal crypts, 316
Intrinsic defects in highly ordered CNTs, 33–39
bond rotations and non-hexagonal rings, 36–38
interstitials, 35–36
vacancies, 33–35
Iron-oxide nanostructures, 825–860
overview, 825–829
Iron-oxide nanowires—synthesis, 830–833
other miscellaneous routes, 833
solution-based synthesis routes, 832–833
template-based synthesis, 830–832
thermal-oxidation route, 830
vapor–liquid–solid route, 830
Iron-oxide nanowires—properties, 835–838
catalytic properties, 836–837
field emission properties, 836
gas sensing properties, 837–838
semiconducting properties, 835–836
Kataura plot, 7–10, 149
Kohn anomaly of phonons, 12, 13
doping effect, 12–16
Kramer’s doublets, 529
Landauer–Bütikker (LB) approach, 478, 500
Langevin function, 721
Linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO), 145–147
Localization of wavefunction, 22
Longitudinal optic (LO) phonon modes, 2, 13, 14
Low-D ferroelectricity—crtical questions, 692–693
Magnetic and transport properties of carbon-based polymers, 745–769
Magnetic anisotropy, 716–719, 794
and interactions, 794–799
Magnetic domains, 714–716, 792
Magnetic dynamics in nanoparticles, 719–724
Magnetic hyperfine field, 727
Magnetic images of vortices, 426
Magnetic interactions between nanoparticles, 729–734
Magnetic moments of antiferro-magnetic nanoparticles, 739–740
Magnetic nanowires, 772–817
Magnetic non-traditional inorganic materials, 767–768
Magnetic phase transition and surface effects, 735–736
Magnetic properties of nanoparticles, 713–740
Magnetic reversal process in single nanowires, 788–794
Magnetic structures in nanoparticles, 735–740
Magnetic unit cell (MUC), 745
Magnetic viscosity, 804–805
Magnetism in gold and silver nanoclusters, 237–240
Magnetocaloric effect (MCE), 815
Magnetoelastic anisotropy, 806–807
Magnetoresistance effect, 799
Mechanical effects of CNT defects, 77–80
Mechanical and electrical response spectra, 258–260
Mechanical vs. electrical responses, 255–260
Mesoscopic carbon and non-carbon constituents, 48
Metal organic CVD (MOCVD), 525, 540, 542, 545, 547, 563, 774
Metallic and semiconducting CNTs, 141–182
Metallic nanowires, 773–784
their fabrication, 773–784, 799 (p. 932)
MFM, 414, 799
M–H curves and M–T curves, 634, 642, 644–647, 652–656
Micro- and nanocantilevers, 249–282
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), 249
Microspectroscopy, 285
Micro-SQUID force microscope, 434
Modes of vibration, 261–263
Modification of transport properties without changing chirality, 170–173
Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), 538, 547, 548, 691, 693, 699, 774, 775
Mössbauer spectroscopy, 725–727
Multicomponent nanostructures, 884–886
Multijunction solar cells, 599
Multivariate data analysis, 314
Multiwall/walled nanotubes (MWNTs), 44, 48–50, 260, 280, 439–442
structural defects, 57, 58
Nanoanalysis of materials with near-field Raman spectroscopy, 293, 364–402
Nanocatalysts, 226–240
Nanocrystalline zeolites, 659–683
Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), 282
Nanometer-scale magnetic order in zigzag CNTs (finite length), 103–107
Nanomolecular cellular alterations—detection by microspectroscopy, 285–330
Nanopiezotronics, 560
Nanosampling, 294–295
Nanoscale ferroelectric (FE) materials, 688–709
theoretical approach for nanostructure properties, 693–696
Nanoscale ferromagnetic semiconductors, 632–656
Nanoshuttlecocks, 110–112
Nanospace in carbon peapods, 95–101
Nanospace of SWCNT—new phenomena, 438–470
Near-field Raman microscopy, 293–294
Near-field techniques, 291–297
Nearly free electron states, 99
Néel temperature, 714, 718, 735
New phenomena in nanospace of SWNTs, 438–470
endohedral metallofullerenes in SWNTs, 454–457
fullerenes in SWNTs, 443–447
inorganic compounds in SWNTs, 459–465
iodine-doped fullerenes in SWNTs, 450–454
metal-doped fullerenes in SWNTs, 447–450
organic compounds in SWNTs, 457–459
Non-bonding orbitals, 147
Non-linearity and duffing, 271–274
Nucleated DNA nanostructure assembly, 874–877
Nucleation and growth of straight and branched nanorods/nanobelts, 587–589
Nucleation of nanowires during epitaxial growth, 221–224
One-D ferroelectric nanowires (NWs), 700–703
Optical parametric oscillator (OPO), 299
Optical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and nanographene, 1–25
Optical properties of ZnO, 533–537
Optical setup for holographic laser processing, 353
Optical setup for multiphoton direct laser writing, 359
Optical spectroscopy, 62–65
far-field spectroscopy, 62–63
near-field spectroscopy, 64–65, 293–294
Optical transitions in nanotubes, 148–149
Organic light-emitting diode (OLED), 599
Phase diagrams at nanoscale, 187
Phase reversal at nanoscale, 186–200
Phases in superconducting mesoscopic dots and other structures, 405–435
Phase-stability cross-over, 196
Phase transformation in iron-oxide nanowires, 833–835
Phenomenological G–L theory, 694
Phenotypes, 323–326
Phonon-drag effect on the thermo-power of semiconductor quantum wires, 500–507
Phonon drag in 2D semiconductor nanostructures, 517
Phonon drag in relation to acoustics, 497–500
Phonon drag thermopower
formula for, 501–504
of doped SWNTs, 507–516
phonon-limited mobility, 497–500
Photoluminescence, 17–19, 160, 161, 528, 534–537
Photonic band diagram, 357
Photonic bandgap, 361
Photonic crystal, 337, 338, 339
Photothermal microspectroscopy (PTMS), 285, 294–295, 301, 320, 326
Photothermal temperature fluctuations (PTTF), 286
Physical consequences of defects and disorder, 68–80
chemical reactivity of CNT defects, 69–71
chemoresistance, 76–77
conductance of point defects, 73–76
conductance of topology changing, 71–73
Electrical transport and CNT defects, 71–77
Physical vapor deposition (PVD), 773, 776
Piezoelectricity in ZnO, 537, 560, 561
Piezoresistance, 252
Polar plots of resonance, 260
Polyvalent antibody–DNA conjugates, 908–910
Postgrowth selection method, 162–163
density-gradient centrifugation, 163
dielectricophoresis, 162, 163
Preferential bending of iron-oxide nanowires about c-axis, 848–851
Pressure sensing, 274–277
Principal component analysis (PCA), 286
Protein-derived growth factor (PDGF), 920
Protein–DNA conjugates for analytic applications, 871–922
Protein–DNA coupling, 915
Protein–DNA interactions, 921
Proteins and peptides, 879–880
Pulsed laser deposition (PLD), 538, 547, 548
Pulsed laser vaporization (PLV), 514, 515
Quadruple cross-over (QX) DNA tiles, 872
Quantized flux in superconducting rings, 414
direct observation of, 414–419
Quantum cascade (QC) devices, 298
Quantum confinement effect (QCE), 614
Quantum dots (QDs), 614 (p. 933)
Radial breathing mode (RBM), 3, 17, 23
Raman microspectroscopy, 289, 293
Raman spectroscopy, 6–7, 156–159, 289
Raman spectrum of SWNT bundles, 2
RBM, 64, 158
Receiver operating characteristics (ROC), 318, 319
Recycling of the synthesis solution to increase the yield of nanozeolite, 664
Reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), 635
Remote selective delocalization, 759–760
RKKY interaction, 644
Role of p-parameter on phonon drag, 489–491
Scanning Hall probe microscopy (SHPM), 414
Scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM), 291
Scanning probe microscopy (SPM), 2, 291
Scanning SQUID microscope, 405–435
high-resolution, 410–414
study of vortex states, 405–435
Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) of nanostructures, 205–244
Second-order Raman modes—dispersion behavior, 11
Selective catalytic reduction (SCR), 666–675, 683
Selective chemical reactions favoring metallic nanotubes, 164
Selective chemical reactions favoring semiconducting nanotubes, 165
Self-assembly of semi-metal nanorods on inert substrate, 572–593
Self-organized protein arrays, 906–908
SEM, 261, 262, 525, 661, 662
Semiconductor nanocrystals, 215–221
Semiconductor nanomaterials, 364
Semiconductor quantum wires, 221–226, 500–507
SERS, 293
Shape-dependent thermodynamic model, 183
Shape of graphene and nanotubes, 1
Single-junction solar cells, 599
Single-wall (walled) nanotubes (SWNTs), 3–6, 8, 10, 12–15, 18–25, 32, 44, 438, 439, 746, 886
electronic structure of, 5–6
energy band of, 5
excitons in, 19–23
Singly (and doubly) clamped cantilever, 250
Size-dependent melting temperature, 186
Size-dependent phase transitions, 183–200
Solid-state lighting (SSL), 599
Spectroscopic characterization of nanocrystalline zeolites, 664–666
FT-IR studies, 664–666, 669–674
Spin of the exciton, 22
Spin waves in magnetic nanowires, 815
Spring softening, 265–266
stem cells, 326
Stepwise covalent synthesis of DNA nanomaterials, 869–870
STM (scanning tunnelling microscope), 51–55, 574–577, 775
STM tip, 775
Structural and topological defects, 753–754
Structure-induced quantum confinement effect and tunable properties, 598–626
Substitutional dopants (in nanotubes), 50
Superparamagnetic relaxation, 719–721
Surface area of nanocrystalline zeolites, 683
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), 293, 364–370, 401
depolarization effect in, 390–394
experimental arrangement, 366–367
in comparison to Raman spectra, 368–369
Synthesis and charactrization of nanocrystalline zeolites, 660–666
synthesis conditions, 661
Synthesis of nanocrystalline aluminosilicates, 663
Temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), 676
TERS imaging under improved sensitivity, 383–385
II–VI-based inorganic-organic hybrid nanostructures, 602–626
crystal structures, 607–614
design and synthesis, 602–606
miscellaneous other studies, 624–626
quantum confinement effect, bandgap and optical properties, 614–617
thermal expansion behavior, 620–624
thermal properties, 617–620
II–VI colloidal quantum dots, 600
III–V semiconductor technology, 632
Thermal conductivity detector, (TCD), 676
Thermal diffusion, 305
Thermal expansion, negative, 620
Thermal expansion, positive, 620
Thermal-oxidation route for synthesis of iron oxide nanostructures, 838–840
Thermally induced stresses, 251
Thermoelectric effect, 477
Tight-binding model of graphene, 144–145
Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS), 293, 364, 370–378
compared to Raman spectroscopy, 373–374
controlling the polarization in TERS, 385–397
effect of tip material in TERS, 381–383
experimental arrangement, 370–373
reflection mode, 373
spectra of GaN films, 376–379
transmission mode, 371–372
Thermal-oxidation route for iron-oxide nanostructures, 829–838
Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), 617
Thermopower of low-dimensional structures, 477–517
Thermopower of 2D semiconductor structures, 478
Total energy, electronic—structure calculations, 135–136
Transduction mechanisms, 250–254
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), 55–57, 205, 381, 450, 525, 549–552, 638, 659, 753, 775, 784, 840, 885
Transverse optic (TO) phonon modes, 2, 17, 19
Triple cross-over (TX) DNA tiles, 870–872, 877, 879, 885
Triple-walled carbon nanotubes (TWNTs), 467–469
Two-D electron gas (2DEG), 478
energy states of, 479
Two-D ferroelectric structures, 696
surfaces, superlattices and thin films, 696–699
strain effects, 699–700
Type-I semiconductor, 6
Type-II semiconductor, 6
Type-II superconductors, 406 (p. 934)
Ultrahigh vacuum (UHV), 574
Upper critical field, 407
Van Hove singularities, 146
Vapor-phase transport (VPT), 545–547
Vertical alignment of iron-oxide NWs, 856–858
Vibration sample magnetometer, 794
VLS method, 573
Vortex arrangements in a disc, 408, 419–423
Vortex distribution in, 422, 429–432
Vortex imaging in magnetic superconductors, 432–434
Vortex states in unconventional superconductors, 429–434
XPS, 173
Yablonovite lattice, 350
Zero (near zero) thermal expansion, 620
ZnO semiconductor nanostructures, 523–564