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date: 25 July 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article describes the growth, characterization and applications of zinc oxide (ZnO) wide-bandgap semiconductor nanostructures. It first introduces the reader to the basic physics and materials science of ZnO, with particular emphasis on the crystalline structure, electronic structure, optical properties and materials properties of ZnO wide-bandgap semiconductors. It then considers some of the commonly used growth methods for ZnO nanostructures, including vapor-phase transport, chemical vapor deposition, molecular beam epitaxy, pulsed-laser deposition, sputtering and chemical solution methods. It also presents the results of characterization of ZnO nanostructures before concluding with a discussion of some promising areas of application of ZnO nanostructures, such as field emission applications; electrical, optical/photonic applications; and applications in sensing, energy production, photochemistry, biology and engineering.

Keywords: zinc oxide, semiconductor nanostructures, crystalline structure, electronic structure, optical properties, ZnO nanostructures, vapor-phase transport, chemical vapor deposition, molecular beam epitaxy, pulsed-laser deposition

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