Abstract and Keywords
This article investigates vortex states and phases in superconducting mesoscopic dots, antidots, and other structures using a scanning superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) microscope. It begins with an introduction to the phenomenology of superconductivity and the fundamentals of vortex confinement in mesoscopic superconductors. It then provides a background on the SQUID microscope, followed by a discussion of how a high-resolution scanning SQUID microscope was developed. It also describes what the scanning SQUID microscopy revealed about quantized flux in superconducting rings, as well as vortex confinement in microscopic superconducting disks, triangles, and squares. Finally, it presents the results of direct observation of an extended penetration depth in thin films and vortex states in high-temperature superconductors.
Keywords: vortex states, mesoscopic dots, antidots, superconductivity, vortex confinement, mesoscopic superconductors, scanning SQUID microscope, quantized flux, superconducting rings, superconducting disks
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