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date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Prior knowledge plays a central role in causal induction, helping to explain how people are capable of identifying causal relationships from small amounts of data. Bayesian inference provides a way to characterize the influence that prior knowledge should have on causal induction, as well as an explanation for how that knowledge could itself be acquired. Using the theory-based causal induction framework of Griffiths and Tenenbaum (2009), this chapter reviews recent work exploring the relationship between prior knowledge and causal induction, highlighting some of the ways in which people’s expectations about causal relationships differ from approaches to causal learning in statistics and computer science.

Keywords: prior knowledge, causal induction, Bayesian, intuitive theories, Bayesian models, statistics

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