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date: 01 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Freidrich Nietzsche famously said, “He who has a why to live for can bear almost any how,” a quote that pioneering existential psychiatrist Viktor Frankl cited often. This chapter argues that it is through the whys in people’s lives—their goals—that they establish a sense of meaning. The chapter makes both an empirical and a theoretical case that, linked by an emphasis on goals, hope and meaning in life are closely connected. It begins by defining the meaning-in-life construct, continues with a discussion of the empirical relationships between hope and meaning, and concludes with a theoretical exploration of hope in the context of existential philosophical systems.

Keywords: meaning in life, hope, goals, existentialism, empirical relationship, meaning.

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